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Kate Sublett

on 22 September 2013

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Transcript of Titanic

This presentation will discuss:

1)Information about the ship

2)The actual sinking of the ship

3)The aftermath of the sinking and recent discoveries
Construction of the Titanic?
- Construction
began in 1909.

-Built in Belfast, Ireland.

-Handled by Harland and Wolff and designed by
the general manager, Thomas Andrews.

-Cost $ 7.5 million to

first voyage

-Set sail on April 10th, 1912,
from Southampton.

-2206 passengers on board.

Approximately 3000 men were employed to construct the ship!
Any important people on board the

First class
Second class
Third class (steerage)
Mr. Benjamin Guggenheim, John Jacob Astor IV and Molly Brown (aka "the unsinkable Molly Brown")
About the ship
(physical design features)
175 feet in height (from keel to top of funnels)
882 feet 9 inches long
"The unsinkable"
The Titanic was the biggest vessel that ever existed on earth during this time!
The sinking
Moments before...
As the Titanic sailed West, operators had picked up
several warnings about ice ahead...
The operator's of the ship communicated through wireless communication
One final warning came from the
at 11:00 p.m.
It announced, "We are stopped and surrounded by ice." (Greg Ward pg 56)
With this being said, the Titanic continued to sail at full speed.
The collision
-Officers Frederick Fleet and Reginald Lee ,climbed up the the Crows nest to look out for ice.

-The Titanic was going at an approximate speed of 20.5 knots when it was close in distance with the ice burg.
Upper part of the ship, used as a lookout point
This part of the presentation will discuss:

1)The actual sinking of the ship
2)Major mistakes that could have been avoided
At about 11:40 p.m, the lookouts spotted a mysterious figure in the distance...
The ships watertight doors were immediately closed in the lower decks
The decision was made to "port around" the ice burg.
This means to veer to the LEFT
With doing so, the Titanic's starboard (right side), violently skid against the ice burg.
The collision was very slight and most people didn't even feel it
-Captain Smith reached ship designer
Thomas Andrews for an assessment on
the damage.

-During this time, water was rapidly rushing into the
mail room.
Immediate procedures
-The passengers on board were very displeased with all of the disruption.

-The news of the collision was spread through word of mouth.
But the ship was seriously damaged!
Six forward watertight compartments were ripped open, allowing water into the ship
The ship was designed, in which
damage to FOUR compartments
was the only way it would stay afloat.
Six filled compartments would be just enough to sink the entire bow of the ship.
The ship contained 16 watertight compartments
Six compartments filled
As the bow tilted downwards, water was able to slip over the bulkhead (dividing wall between compartments) of the sixth compartment, and into the seventh compartment.
This was a chain reaction that is very similar to FILLING UP AN ICE CUBE TRAY or DOMINOS.
The lifeboat situation
-At around midnight, Captain Smith ordered the crew members to get the lifeboats ready.

-Women and children would be the first to be loaded.
The ship was equipped with
lifeboats and
collapsible boats
The ship was able to hold up to 64 lifeboats!
As the night went on, the first
distress rocket
was sent
Twelve were sent out, but help never came...
It is unknown why they didn't succeed in getting help, for they were definitely seen by the Californian.
When the Titanic collided with the ice burg, distress calls were sent to the Californian...

BUT the first officer, Cyril Evans, had gone to bed!
Third officer, Charles Groves attempted to decode the messages being sent from the Titanic, but he didn't know that the mechanism had to be wound up before being used...
If every seat had been filled in each life boat, half of the people who
were left on board could have been saved...
Not only were there not enough life boats to save everyone
White Star Line figured the ship would look cluttered with too many
Ever thought about this?
It is said that the Titanic would have been better off to hit the ice burg HEAD ON!
Did you know?
97 % of first class woman survived and only 47% of
the third class woman survived
The ship contained locked gates, preventing third class passengers
to have access to the upper decks, to prevent the spread of disease.
It is said that for a long period of time, the crew members
used the locked gates to prevent the third class passengers from getting on A deck to board a lifeboat.
Moments before and what people did to survive!
-After all of the lifeboats were sent out, the passengers left behind either stayed on board until the end, or jumped into the ice cold water.

-The average period one could survive in the sub zero water temperature was three to four minutes.

-Thomas Andrews and Captain Smith stayed in the ship as it sank, while others jumped into the water searching for chairs and other parts of the ship to hold onto.
The actual sinking of the ship
When the Titanic was coming to its final moments, it broke in two.
-As the ships bow filled with water, the buoyant stern was raised in the air
-The bow eventually broke off and the sterns angle was almost vertical.
-The stern soon filled up with water, and headed straight down.
The ship took 160 minutes to sink and went down at 2:20 a.m
The passengers in the lifeboats were rescued by the Carpathia and brought to New York, where the Titanic was supposed to arrive at.

-337 bodies were found while the remaining 1186 were lost. The White Star Line chartered a cable-laying ship in Halifax to gather the dead bodies.
-The Titanic sank just off the coast of Newfoundland.
711 people survived and 1495 died...
101 years later, the tragic shipwreck
is still remembered

In 1985,
Robert Ballard
discovered the two wreck sites(the bow and the stern),
600 m
apart from each other
2.5 miles
under water.

The overall irony of the situation is what makes the story still remembered today. The Titanic was named "unsinkable", yet at 2:20 a.m on April 15, the lights of the ship went out ,and the Titanic vanished under the waves forever.
Hope you enjoyed!!
Just kidding!
Full transcript