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Transcript of Winter Dreams
Married Zelda Sayre in 1920 whom he had fallen in love with while in the army.
The stock market crash of 1929 caused Fitzgerald's reputation to decline as well as financial problems.
Fitzgerald died of a heart attack in 1940.
Some accomplishments included being the highest-paid author in the country.
Wrote about the Jazz Age (the roaring 20’s)
Captured the paradox of a materialistic, self destructive lifestyle.
Like the characters he wrote about, he led a fast paced life and longed for upper class social status and wealth. His stories had many allegorical qualities.
Used descriptive language to convey the imagery of the stories.
Both The Great Gatsby, and Winter Dreams display Fitzgerald’s fascination, as well as distrust of the upper class.
Author: Francis Scott Fitzgerald
Review and Assess
1. No i don't feel sorry for Judy or for Dexter because they sort of set up the misery themselves. They both focused on materialistic things and in the end that will never make anyone happy. Dexter allows himself to manipulated by her and it makes us feel sorry for him but really we shouldn't cause he did it to himself.
2. a) In fall, Dexter feels he has value and is important especially because he knows that winter is approaching. In the spring he feels dismal. b) In the winter he reflects upon his summer by having these winter dreams
3. Dexter determines he will achieve in life is not simply the kind of lifestyle that is associated with the rich and famous, but the possession of wealth itself.
“He wanted not association with glittering things and glittering people- he wanted the glittering things itself.” Judy embodies his “winter dream” is that she, in the text, is described to be one of those “glittering things.”
4. Dexter’s first meeting with Judy Jones are impetus for his “winter dreams”. A lowly caddy, Dexter meets the haughty little girl, eleven years young, on the golf course. Her derision of him make him rethink his life. When Judy bangs up her club in a fit of a temper, the caddy-master demands, “What are you doing there standing like a dummy for? Pick up the young lady's club.” Dexter realizes at the end of the story how hollow, like a dry twig winter, that his lifelong dream, has been.
5. Irene Scheerer- Dexter’s Fiancee. Irene is light-haired, sweet, honorable, Dexter breaks her heart by cheating on her with Judy. Dexter’s emotions and finances are spent to a level that can no longer be tolerated, he regroups and gets away from the destructive Judy, the one with the “incorrigible lip”.
Review and Assess
1a) Judy Jones
Direct characterization: “Whatever Judy wanted, she went after with the full pressure of her charm.” (p. 753)
Indirect characterization: “Perhaps from so much youthful love, so many youthful lovers, she had come, in self- defense, to nourish herself wholly from within.” (p. 754); “Her deficiencies were knit up with a passionate energy that transcended and justified them.” (p. 753)
What I learn: With her radiant charm and beauty, Judy enthralls men into her life until she gets bored with them and moves on to the next. It’s a selfish act she performs, yet it seems to give her purpose in life. The image these men create of her exclude all of her flaws.
1b) Dexter Green
Direct characterization: “One minute he had the sense of being a trespasser- in the next he was impressed by the tremendous superiority he felt…” (p. 748);” He wanted not association with glittering things and people- he wanted the glittering things themselves.” (p. 748)
Indirect characterization: “ As so frequently would be the case in the future, Dexter was unconsciously dictated to by his winter dreams.” (p. 747)
What I learn: Dexter desires the luxurious life of high society. Once he establishes his own business and becomes one of the wealthiest men of the region, he feels superior around the other, older golfers on the course, yet feels as if he doesn’t belong there at the same time. The choices he makes in his life when he’s older is all because of Judy.
2) Indirect characterization is used to show Judy’s desire to find an acceptable man of great wealth through her habits of being with many different men and how easily she could leave one when a new one comes into her life. Indirect characterization is used to show the spell Dexter is under with every decision he makes be inspired by the hopes of ending up with Judy.
3a) Judy and Dexter both desire wealth and luxury.
3b) They are different because Dexter is ambitious and sticks to the plan, while Judy constantly changes the course of her life.
3c) We see Dexter’s ambition through the life he created for himself (high class East Coast college, entrepreneur, Wall Street businessman); He’s content with the life he ended up with and eventually grows out of his “winter dreams.” We see that Judy’s habits of selfishness and condescendance lead her to a life of a unhappy marriage that leaves her home with kids all of the time; She also loses the beauty she once had.
Connecting Literary Elements
4) Dexter’s motivation to become successful is his desire to become rich. This was his motivation at first, but then he saw Judy at the young age of fourteen and quits his summer job of caddying. From there, she contributes to Dexter’s motivation.
5) Judy yearns for purpose, happiness, and stability.
6)Judy’s serial dating and unrealistic view of the world contribute to her unhappiness.
Drawing Conclusions About Characters
7)Judy once again uses her charms and confidence to pursue Dexter, and he, once again, falls for her. While Judy cries for her unhappiness, Dexter breaks off his engagement to Irene, showing that he is willing to do anything to fulfill his desire to be with Judy. When Judy breaks off the engagement with Dexter, he finally accepts that he will always love her but he couldn’t have her.
8) Dexter and Judy’s feel of superiority reflect the Fitzgerald’s views of social status. He also uses the sense of confusion and loneliness that one can feel in the glitz and glamour of material wealth and high society.
9a) Fitzgerald defines the American Dream as hard work, great wealth, and happiness.
9b) Fitzgerald’s vision of this dream is divided because he shows the down sides of the luxurious lifestyle such as loneliness, unhappiness, and losing yourself along with the prestige and allure of a wealthy life.
Dexter meets Judy by chance in the spring. When he begins dreaming of a grand life, she forces him to be her caddy until hers gets back. After this encounter Dexter quits his job at the club, goes to college and partners with a laundry business where he becomes extremely wealthy. He then returns to the club where he is hit with one of Judy’s golf balls. Meanwhile, the men at the club all want Judy for her beauty and wild personality. After sitting in a raft at the clubs lake, Judy once again crosses Dexter's path, and they go on a date. While on the date, Judy, in tears, explains she was upset earlier because the man she was dating before admitted that he was poor. Dexter falls in love with her despite her behavior, materialistic desires, and the way she toys with the hearts of other men. This love soon wears off and he realizes he will never have her the way he wants, he then gets engaged to Irene and works more and more. Irene gets a headache and cancels the engagement party, that's when Dexter goes back to the club once more and comes across Judy again, she tells him that they should get married and flirts with him a lot. Dexter doesn't regret betraying Irene, or tarnishing his reputation because he loves Judy more than anything. He then gets called to be in the war (WW1). When he returns home his friend Devlin reveals that Judy in now married with children to an old friend of his who cheats on her and is an alcoholic. Devlin also says that Judy’s beauty has faded away. This causes Dexter extreme pain because the dreams of his youth are now shattered permanently. He then cries for his lost youth, which he won't ever get back.
Francis Scott Fitzgerald
moving in and out; wavy
sharply painful to the feelings
looking for a fight
Lindsey San Juan