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Mangrove Swamps - AP Biology

Mrs. Kelly AP Biology final

Chris Cardello

on 5 June 2013

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Transcript of Mangrove Swamps - AP Biology

Mangrove Swamps Description of Ecosystem Mangrove swamps are wetlands primarily dominated by red, white, and black mangroves. Mangroves and salt marsh are some of the most important coastal wetland plant communities in Florida. The mangrove swamp ecosystem supports many of Florida's important fisheries. http://www.dep.state.fl.us/water/wetlands/delineation/wetcomm/manswamp.htm Plant Species Black mangroves are the most adapted to hypersalinic soils. Red mangroves provide a habitat for fishing. White mangroves are cold tolerant. Saltworts are flowering plants that live in highly salinic environments. Glassworts have scalelike leaves. Animal Species Wood storks are the only stork species in America. The White ibis is most often found in flocks Bears are top predators in the mangrove swamps Wildcats are secondary consumers Mangrove tree crabs are found in red mangroves Keystone Species Invasive Species The mangrove crab is a keystone species. The crab burrows through the ground and creates new habitats. Mosquitoes are an invasive species. An increase in the mosquito population has caused a lower salinity and decrease in biodiversity. INSECTS ARE ANIMALS Specific Threats to the Ecosystem Habitat destruction Harmful algal bloom Coastal development Altered salinity and hydrologic regime Sources http://recovery.doi.gov/press/us-fish-and-wildlife-service/south-florida-coastal-program-office/ http://www.americanforests.org/magazine/article/mangroves-in-the-mist/ Ecosystem Services The red mangrove provides the habitat for fishing. Mangroves are used as wood for logging. Ecotourism in mangrove swamps. Food in the form of fishing mostly. Storm buffers. Mangrove Swamp Locations http://myfwc.com/media/134643/Legacy_Mangrove.pdf Monroe County, Florida
Ponce De Leon Inlet, Volusia County, Florida
Cedar Key, Cedar County, Florida http://www.fnai.org/PDF/NC/Mangrove_Swamp_Final_2010.pdf The rubber vine and morning glory are invasive species. Both of these plants interfere with the growth of the mangroves. Mrs. Kelly,
You have been the best teacher we've ever had and we've been honored to be taught by you all year. Thank you so much for allowing us to vastly expand our knowledge of biology and for being an inspiration to all of us. You
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