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Copy of Module 11 Rizal
Transcript of Copy of Module 11 Rizal
It was a place where rizal was deported.
Rizal exchanged letter with Blumentritt. Historical Events
Reason in staying
Story of Dapitan's Name April 5,1896
You asked me the meaning of 'Dapitan', and I take this oppurtunity to tell you a careful answer.I have presumed to tell you that I am the right man for this. Yes dear friend, Dapitan certainly has a historical meaning. I have historical documents which I deposited in the Museo Biblioteca de Manila 2 months ago, lest they get lost in my poor hut. One of them, dated July 7, 1818, is signed by Gov-Gen. Fernando Bustamante; it speaks of Dapitan and its founders. Museo Biblioteca de Manila today It was founded by "Lagubayan, who was a principal citizen, first of the towns of Bohol, Baclayon, Mansasan, and Dawis and later, in the hill of Mindanao — today it is called Ilihan where a poor barn stands — to which he repaired with eight hundred families on account of the treachery committed against his sister Doña Ilison by the natives. He became the lord of the Subanos and the terror of the whole Moroland. Continuation... When the first Spaniards arrived at Dapitan,
he received them with love and charity and
he dismissed the ambassadors of Ternate
saying that he did not want any other friendship
than that of the new men who had arrived
at his land. And assuming as marvelous
wonders the Indios were to the Spaniards and
the Spaniards to the Indios, he gave them
pilots and guides who took them to the chief
named Catunas he had left in Bohol and from
there took them to Cebú where they had
established their first base Continuation... This document is authentic with the seal of Mr. Bustamante and I
bought it from the descendants of Lagubayan, now sunk in
abject poverty. These documents, as I said, were deposited
by me in the Museo Biblioteca de Manila. Continuation... As it can be seen, Dapitan was founded by Boholanos before or after the coming of the first Spaniards. The name Dapitan means a place of rendezvous or meeting-place, of 800 families. Dapit in Bisayan means "to invite" —Dapitan, place to which 800 families were invited. This is the tradition of the name Dapitan. Continuation... Dapit has 2 meanings in Bisaya:
dapit accented on 1st syllable- to invite
on 2nd syllable- place Rizal's arrival in Dapitan is mainly caused by:
Founding of Liga Filipina
The feelings of Despujol and Fr. Pastell's towards rizal june 26, 1892- second homecoming from Hongkong July 3, 1892 - he founded the La Liga Filipina in the house of Doroteo Ongjunco in Tondo, Manila. He was helped by Jose Ma. Basa
in propaganda works. Conceived as "mutual aid and self help society dispensing funds and legal aid, loaning capital and setting up cooperatives. july 6 1892- Rizal was arrested The next day, Gov.Gen Eulogio
Despujol declared to deport
him in Dapitan. 2 people determined Rizal's exiles place.
Fr.Pastell and Gov.Gen Despujol July 17,1892- rizal arrived in dapitan. Fr.Pastell has constructive feeling
Despojul has destructive feeling Cause of Rizal's arrival in Dapitan SOME OTHER HISTORIC EVENTS RIZAL AND HIS FAITH FR. FRANSICO
DE PAULA SANCHEZ Austin Coates, Rizal’s British biographer, spoke to this failure:
It was wasted effort. Rizal’s religious faith, formed in early childhood and exposed to contact with many branches of scientific thought… had been modified… and the outcome was a faith arrived at by reasoning. He still considered himself a Catholic… but his Catholicism was the faith that projects and inquires, the Catholicism of Renan and Teilard de Chardin. What Fr. Sanchez was trying to do, though did not know it, was to bring Rizal nearer to the ‘little Catholicism’, the Catholicism of obedience. This was an impossibility. Austin Coates, Rizal’s British biographer, spoke to this failure:
It was wasted effort. Rizal’s religious faith, formed in early childhood and exposed to contact with many branches of scientific thought… had been modified… and the outcome was a faith arrived at by reasoning. He still considered himself a Catholic… but his Catholicism was the faith that projects and inquires, the Catholicism of Renan and Teilard de Chardin. What Fr. Sanchez was trying to do, though did not know it, was to bring Rizal nearer to the ‘little Catholicism’, the Catholicism of obedience. This was an impossibility. Fr. Obach Fr. Pastells The home of
commandant, Captain RicardoCarnicero RIZAL AND JOSEPHINE BRACKEN "My exile lasts so long that I am beginning to lose hope of ever seeing myself free again someday." In February 1895 RIZAL AND THE KATIPUNAN 1. which was the pretty jealousies among the propagandists.
2. As the news of Rizal's banishment to Dapitan broke out, Bonifacio. La Liga Filipina died Austin Coates said, "numerous attempts were made to contact him, and numerous plans made to facilitate his escape, most of these involving rescue by boat from Bomeo, not so far distant from Mindanao. When the Katipunan had sufficient funds, Basa was provided with money to charter a vessel at the appropriate moment to bring him to Hong Kong. Rizal disagreed with the Katipunan's plans. four years later, in June 1896, Bonifacio wanted to solicit Rizal's opinion concerning the revolution. "that a revolution without sufficient arms should not be started against an armed nation. He remembered the first Cuban revolution against Spain which failed because of lack of arms." Rizal explained... 1.) there must be unity among all classes of Filipinos,
2.) the influential and wealthy Filipinos must be attracted to the cause of the society, and
3.) Antonio Luna be appointed for complement military leadership. Rizal made some suggestions... So Rizal was really influential. Rizal’s Activities in Dapitan Rizal’s medical activities: José Rizal (1861-1896) is one of the most revered figures in Philippine history. He was a multifaceted intellectual and a political activist, best known for his political writings that inspired the Philippine revolution and ultimately led to his execution by the Spanish colonizers. Rizal was also a physician who trained in ophthalmology under 2 prominent European ophthalmologists. Louis de Wecker and Otto Becker. He was known not only in dapitan but also in far away places such as Luzon, Visayas (Bohol, Cebu, Negros, and Panay), and even Hongkong.
POOR patients, he gave medicines in GRATIS rather than received fees from them.
RICH patients ,paid rizal large amount of money for his ophthalmic skill. RIZAL’S SCIENTIFIC ACTIVITIES These specimens Rizal sent to the Museum of Dresden and other Museums in Europe. Some of these specimens were rare, and it was Rizal who first discovered them. In recognition of these discoveries, the European scientists named some of these specimens after the name of Rizal. One was named Draco Rizali, a dragon fly; another was named Apogonia Rizali, a small beetle and third was named Rhacophorus Rizali, a rare frog. MUSEUM OF DRESDEN Draco Rizali
APOGONIA RIZALI RHACOPHOCUS RIZALI Rizal also conducted studies on : ANTHROGRAPHY ETHNOGRAPHY GEOGRAPHY ARCHEOLOGY GEOLOGY RIZAL’S ENGINEERING ACTIVIES Rizal was also knowledgeable in engineering, especially surveying. In fact, he finished his surveying course at Ateneo. In Dapitan, he applied his engineering knowledge to improve the life of the inhabitants. One engineering work that Rizal successfully achieved, despite limited tools and materials, was the water system for the people of the town of Dapitan. Rizal was helped by his former teacher in rhetoric at Ateneo, Fr. Sanchez, who visited him and stayed in Dapitan. Another person, a lay Jesuit, Brother Tildot, also helped Rizal in bringing the water system to completion. In the present time, the municipal government of Dapitan restored the water system and enlarged it with artesian wells; this is part of the memory of Rizal, an excellent deported to Dapitan. Rizal’s other engineering work was the lighting system of the town of Dapitan. In Rizal’s time, electric lighting system was then unknown in the Philippines. But, despite the absence of electricity , Rizal was able to build a lighting system by the use of crude coconut oil lamps, giving “Dapitan its first lighting system.”
RIZAL’S INVENTION Rizal’s talents and abilities were not restricted to only one or two forms of expression, as in literature and science. He also possessed an inventive ability. While in Calamba, practicing his medical profession, he was known to have invented a cigarette lighter. He called it sulpukan. In Dapitan, he also invented a machine for making bricks. In a letter to Blumentritt, he announced his invention to his friend. “I have made a wooden machine for making bricks,”Rizal said, “and I believe that with it I can make at least 6,000 a day; well now. I lack an oven. When I was in Belgium, I saw bricks in a field. I suppose that in Bohemia they also bake bricks so that the heat may not escape too much.” RIZAL’S FARMING ACTIVITIES
Three persons won the lottery in Manila:
*Captain Ricardo Carneciro’
*Jose Rizal Jose Rizal: Lottery Winner
•Jose Rizal won P6200 in the lottery in 1892.
•Ticket number 9736
•Drawn by hand from a tambiolo(raffle drum)
•With Francisco Equiliorand a certain Captain Carnicero.
•This is his only vice.
•He gave P2,000 to his father, P200 to his friend in Hong Kong,
and the remaining P4,000 for buying agricultural lands in nearby Talisay. Rizal as Businessman Rizal himself gave 2 rason why he became a businessman in his exile in Dapitan.
1st reason was to kill time.
2nd was to help the people of the place.
Rizal engaged in fishing, copra and hemp business.
With his partner Ramon Carreon, a merchant in Dapitan they engaged in the businessof lime manufacturing.
Meanwhile, the chinese monopolized the business in Dapitan, so Rizal decided to organized a cooperative exactly on the new years day of 1895 which was composed of Dapitan farmers.
1. to improve the farmers product
2. to obtain better outlets for them
3. to collect funds for their purchase
4. to help the producers and workers b
y establishing a store wherein they c
an buy prime commodities at moderate prices. Rizal as Educator Rizal was by nature an educator
he looked at education as essential to mans progress
In his exile, he established a school which served as a venue for expressing his educative spirit.
Rizal did not collect fees from his students but only to do some work in his fields and in other community. Rizal taught the students many things such as:
1.the value of hardwork
3.respect for human dignity
8.word of honor
10.reading 11.writing (English and Spanish)
18.plants and animals
19.sports (boxing, wrestling, swimming, fencing and boating) Rizal built 3 houses in Talisay Dapitan
One is squarein form, whrere Rizal, his mother, sister and nephew stayed.
The other was hexagonal where his chickens and livestocks were housed.
And the other was octagonal where his students were housed and taught. Rizal as Writer Aside from other gifts, writing was his passion.
As early as 8 years old he already wrote a poem.
He wrote stories, poems, novels, essays and dialogues.
One of his best poems was entitled "My Retreat" which was
written upon the request if Rizals mother.
He also wrote a short poem for Josephine Bracken entitled
Another poem Rizal wrote was entitled "The Song of a
Traveler" (out of his joy upon hearing the news that once
again he could travel to Spain and then to Cuba as a
And still another poem was written, entitled
"Hymn To Talisay".
He used this song for the singing of his pupils.
Rizal as Linguist Rizal was really a many-sided genius.
He was not only a great writer but also a great linguist.
He could speak Greek, Latin, German, French, Spanish, English, Arabic, Hebrew, Dutch, Swedich, Portuguese, Japanese, Chinese, Russian, Sanskrit, Tagalog, Ilokano, Bisayan and Subanun.
He wrote a grammar of Tagalog language. When he finished his work, he told his friend Ferdinand Blumentritt about his accomplishment.
In his letter to Blumentritt, Rizal said: "My Tagalog grammar or rather, my studies on the Tagalog language is now finished. When i finished it, i was the master of what i began." Rizal also said about his linguistic work: "My Tagalog grammar about the Tagal is long ago finished: I intend to publish it as soon as I set at liberty. It will bring light to many things that I believe nobody thought of. I make reference to the Bisaya, Malay and Madecassis."
Aside from Tagalog, he also studied other languages such as Bisayan ang the Malay.
He became so busy in his study of the Malay that he even postponed the publication of his first linguistic work. He told Blumentritt about this: "If I am postponing the publication of my Tagalog grammar, it is because I wish first to steep myself in Malay in order toput an end to the inquiry into what is true and what is false in the common belief that Malay is the origin of Tagalog."