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02.01 Revolutionary Ideas: Assessment
Transcript of 02.01 Revolutionary Ideas: Assessment
Modern Day Common Sense Pamphlet
September 13, 2014
The social contract is the idea that people will consent government authority. In return, the government will protect the people and their rights. In the Declaration of Independence, it states that a man's rights will not be taken away from him. His rights should be protected. If the people's rights are taken away from them, they have the right to change or abolish their government and make a new one.
"That whenever any form of government becomes destructive to these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government."
When it comes to popular sovereignty, the people are the authority. The people are able to decide how their government works. The people can give consent to the government, but they also have the power not to consent.
Declaration of Independence
The Declaration of Independence was written so that King George III could not infuriate colonists with his strict laws and taxes. The document was not approved until July 4, 1776. It has three main components. One, it introduces the reasons the document was created. Two, it lists complaints about King George III. Three, the colonists state that the United States will be an independent nation. In addition to that, the document reflects popular sovereignty, the social contract theory, and natural and individual rights.
"He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people. He has refused for such a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected."
Natural and Individual Rights
Life, liberty, and estate are what John Locke referred to as the natural rights. Every person has these rights because they are a human. That means no government can take it away. No other person can take it away. Before the Declaration of Independence was approved, Locke altered the last right to be the pursuit of happiness.
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness."
I think the Declaration of Independence upholds the political principles Americans value. The document reflects all of the important principles I learned about in this lesson; I found examples of each. The writers of the Declaration of Independence accomplished their goals because it showed that colonies were free and independent and were no longer subject to King George III. If I had been an American colonist, I would have supported it because it gave the colonists many rights and freedoms. Today, we might have not been given our rights and freedoms if it had not been for the Declaration of Independence.