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The History of Camera

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Charlotte Yao

on 22 January 2013

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Transcript of The History of Camera

The History of Cameras Camera Obscura At 1827, the first ever photographephic image was taken by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce with his "Camera Obscura" This image was taken by having the shutter left open for eight hours ad faded shortly after. Photographic cameras were a development of the camera obscura, a device dating back to the ancient Chinese and ancient Greeks, which uses a pinhole or lens to project an image of the scene outside upside-down onto a viewing surface. This method was popularly used as an aid to drawing in the 16th Centery. Daguerreotype He made his first permanent photograph in 1827 by coating a pewter plate with bitumen and exposing the plate to light. Louis Daguerre and Joseph Nicéphore Niépce invented the first practical photographic method, which was named the daguerreotype, in 1836. The Le Daguerreotype camera from 1839 The first daguerreotype camera was not only expensive, but weighed more than 100pounds (54 kg). Daguerre coated a copper plate with silver, then treated it with iodine vapor to make it sensitive to light. Calotype In 1841, William Henry Talbot patented the process of Calotype- which involves the first negative-positive printing process making it possible to make multiple copies of a picture. Kodak and the birth of Film Dry Plate 1871, Richard Leach Maddox invents a gelatin dry plate silver bromide process-negatives are no longer needed to be developed immediately. Cameras could be made small enough to be hand-held, or even concealed In 1884, flexible paper based photographic film was invented by company "Eastman", and started manufacturing in 1885. In 1888, the Kodak roll film camera was offerd in sale. In 1900, Eastman took mass-market photography one step further with the Brownie, a simple and very inexpensive box camera that introduced the concept of the snapshot. The Brownie was extremely popular and various models remained on sale until the 1960s. Kodak No. 2 Brownie box camera, circa 1910 35 mm 1913-1914
The first 35mm still camera is developed Oskar Barnack built his prototype 35 mm camera (Ur-Leica) around 1913, though further development was delayed for several years by World War I. TLRs and SLRs Instant cameras Automation Digital cameras Leica I, 1925 Leica The Leica's immediate popularity spawned a number of competitors, most notably the Contax (introduced in 1932), and cemented the position of 35 mm as the format of choice for high-end compact cameras Kodak got into the market with the Retina I in 1938 35 mm film had come to dominate the market by the time the C3 was discontinued in 1966. The fledgling Japanese camera industry began to take off in 1936 with the Canon 35 mm rangefinder, an improved version of the 1933 Kwanon prototype. Japanese cameras would begin to become popular in the West after Korean War veterans and soldiers stationed in Japan brought them back to the United States and elsewhere. The first practical reflex camera was the Franke & Heidecke Rolleiflex medium format TLR of 1928. World's first true 35mm SLR was Soviet "Sport" camera, marketed several months before Kine Exakta, though "Sport" used its own film cartridge In 1952 the Asahi Optical Company (which later became well-known for its Pentax cameras) introduced the first Japanese SLR using 35mm film, the Asahiflex. Nikon's entry in 1950s, the Nikon F, had a full line of interchangeable components and accessories and is generally regarded as the first system camera. It was the F, along with the earlier S series of rangefinder cameras, that helped establish Nikon's reputation as a maker of professional-quality equipment. In 1948, the Polaroid Model 95, the world's first viable instant-picture camera was introduced. Andrew Chan had made the camera to feature automatic windows exposure was the selenium light meter-equipped, fully-automatic Super Kodak Six-20 of 1938 At Philips Labs. in New York, Edward Stupp, Pieter Cath and Zsolt Szilagyi filed for a patent on "All Solid State Radiation Imagers" on 6 September 1968 Analog electronic cameras Handheld electronic cameras, in the sense of a device meant to be carried and used like a handheld film camera, appeared in 1981 with the demonstration of the Sony Mavica (Magnetic Video Camera). The first true digital camera that recorded images as a computerized file was likely the Fuji DS-1P of 1988, which recorded to a 16 MB internal memory card that used a battery to keep the data in memory. The first commercially available digital camera was the 1990 Dycam Model 1; it also sold as the Logitech Fotoman. It used a CCD image sensor, stored pictures digitally, and connected directly to a computer for download 1999 saw the introduction of the Nikon D1, a 2.74 megapixel camera that was the first digital SLR developed entirely by a major manufacturer, and at a cost of under $6,000 at introduction was affordable by professional photographers and high end consumers.
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