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Transcript of Business
the approach is a result of women rights movement and the civil rights movement in the 1960s
a lot of supporters all over the globe...
Gender Equality or Inequality in business ...
Google, for instance, only
of its entire workforce is female and only
women in its technology divisions
Facebook has a
female workforce, but only
of its female employees are involved in technology related jobs
other large Silicon Valley companies have similar statistics as do engineering firms and science institutions
Gender Equality in big technology companies
women were paid
of what men were paid
the pay gap is worse for women of color
the pay gap grows with age
women face a pay gap in nearly every occupation
The Gender Pay Gap
Changes that can help close the wage gap ...
improved negotiation skills
can help close the pay gap
Paycheck Fairness Act
would improve the scope of the Equal Pay Act
companies must understand what
they have from a diverse workforce
For example ...
Personal financial advisers
Wage gap: 61.3%
Women's median weekly earnings: $1,004
Men's median weekly earnings: $1,637
... is one of the badly paid jobs in the US for women.
Advertising in the Silicon Valley
advert to recruit new developers for
a security company in San Francisco
thousands of female engineers have taken to Twitter
website was set up to support the new campaign
others who also felt they didn’t fall into the “cookie cutter” joined in, beyond just sexism
The newer history
What does the BU?
Harper College Task Force for equality
Leadership Club for women
Engineer Club for women
female professors are more considered then in Europe
Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies [WGSS]
3. gender equality
4. sexual orientation
Shannon Hilliker-Van Strander
Diversity in U.S. Culture
Business and Race
By Karsten Wichmann
Black / African Distribution and Unemployment Rate
Population by Ethnicity 2000 - 2010
North: 50 million
West: 27 million
Southwest: 31 million Mexican
Southeast: 41 million African American
Poverty and Salary
„Diversity should be understood as the varied perspectives and approaches to work that members of different identity groups bring.“
(David Thomas, Robin Ely: Harvard Business Review)
„planning and implementing organizational systems and practices to manage people so that the potential advantages of diversity are maximized while its potential disadvantages are minimized.”
What does it mean?
is a part of Human-Resources-Management and tries to use social Diversity constructive
it tries to not just tolerate Diversity, but rather appreciate Diversity and try to use it for success of business
Diversity Management is also being used for solicit new employees , when there is a skills shortage
it always struggles with equal opportunities policy and a proactive competition orientation
discrimination and fairness paradigm
access and legitimacy paradigm
What do you think about Diversity Management?
Is there something critical about it?
Immigration and Business
Aretz, H. - J. & Hansen, K. (2002) Diversity und Diversity-Management im Unternehmen. In: Managing diversity. Bd. 3, Lit Verlag.
Bürgenmeier, B. (1992). Socio- Economics: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Ethics, Institutions, and Markets. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Boston/ Dordrecht/ London.
Davis, Dee - President of PFLAG
Dunman, Shirley - Upperclassmen
Foegen Karsten, M. (2006) Gender, Race, and Ethnicity in the Workplace volume 1 and 2. Praeger Publishers. Westport
Gibbs, S. (2015) #iLookLikeAnEngineer: engineers take to Twitter to dispel all-male myth. 08/11/2015. http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/aug/05/engineers-twitter-ilooklikeanengineer.
Hill, C. Ph.D. (2015). The Simple Truth about the Gender Pay Gap. 08/11/2015. http://www.aauw.org/research/the-simple-truth-about-the-gender-pay-gap.
Kelly, Thomas Dr. - Professor of Management and former Dean of the School of Management
Kloosterman,R. & Rath, J. (2003) Immigrant entrepreneurs. Venturing Abroad in the age of Globalization. Oxford, New York.
Lessen, R. (1998). Management Development through cultural Diversity. Routledge. London/ New York.
Mierke, K.; Rosier, J. ; Schoeller, J. (2012) Gender and Diversity Management: Explicit Cultural Values Help to Attract Target Group Members, Journal of Business and Media Psychology.
Moroski, Karen - Program Coordinator for The Lesbian and Gay Family Building Project
Page, S. E. (2007). The difference: how the power of diversity creates better groups, firms, schools, and societies. Princeton University Press. Oxfordshire.
Rubaii, Nadia Dr. - Associate Professor of Public Administration.
Silberstein, Dara Dr. - Executiv Director of the Women, Gender, and Sexuality program.
Sinclair, Thomas Dr. - Associate Professor of Public Administration.
Thomas, D . (1996). Making differences matter: A new paradigm for managing diversity. In: Harvard Business Review. Nr.5, Harvard Business School Publishing.
US Census 2015 U.S. and World Population Clock 08/07/2015 http://www.census.gov/popclock/.
Women’s Entrepreneurship Around the Globe: National Women’s Business Council. 2003.
Increase of immigrant entrepreneurs first noticed in the U.S. around 1970
Change in economy: from manufacturing society to service based economy, small businesses and self-employment
Unemployment in the home countries pushes migrants into emigration and self-employment
Migration from less-developed countries to highly-developed countries shows process of globalization
Immigrants had been long time entitled as unskilled workers, now also as entrepreneurs
→ Change of role and image
Building of own jobs on account of a lack of alternatives
- low start-up costs
- often no special education needed
Other reasons: higher/better income or an opportunity for advancement
To work one’s way up is difficult, but not impossible
More immigrants work at the lower-end
→ ethnic markets becoming more common
High-educated immigrants (undergraduate and graduate students) focus on research and science
→ earn more money in the U.S.
sexual orientation and business
''We believe having a diversity of perspectives ensures we make better business decisions and the products and services we offer meet the needs of the broad spectrum of people we serve worldwide, which is why we couldn't be more proud to support the expansion of legal protections.''
Population by Ethnicity 2000 - 2010
Black / African distribution and Unemployment Rate
Poverty and Salary
Example from an upperclassmen
making a procuctive atmosphere
prevent social discrimination
improve equal opportunities
strategic ambitions: improving adaptability for changing sector by constructing a unique, hard to imitate human capital
operational ambitions: heightened problem solutions with heterogeneity groups