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on 12 August 2015

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Transcript of Business

the approach is a result of women rights movement and the civil rights movement in the 1960s
a lot of supporters all over the globe...


Gender Equality or Inequality in business ...
Google, for instance, only
of its entire workforce is female and only
women in its technology divisions

Facebook has a
female workforce, but only
of its female employees are involved in technology related jobs

other large Silicon Valley companies have similar statistics as do engineering firms and science institutions
Gender Equality in big technology companies
women were paid
78 %
of what men were paid

the pay gap is worse for women of color

the pay gap grows with age

women face a pay gap in nearly every occupation
The Gender Pay Gap
Overview ...
Changes that can help close the wage gap ...
improved negotiation skills
can help close the pay gap

Paycheck Fairness Act
would improve the scope of the Equal Pay Act

companies must understand what
they have from a diverse workforce
For example ...

Personal financial advisers

Wage gap: 61.3%
Women's median weekly earnings: $1,004
Men's median weekly earnings: $1,637
... is one of the badly paid jobs in the US for women.
Advertising in the Silicon Valley
advert to recruit new developers for
a security company in San Francisco

thousands of female engineers have taken to Twitter

website was set up to support the new campaign

others who also felt they didn’t fall into the “cookie cutter” joined in, beyond just sexism
The newer history
What does the BU?
Harper College Task Force for equality

Leadership Club for women

Engineer Club for women

female professors are more considered then in Europe

Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies [WGSS]
Karsten Wichmann
Franziska Feldmann
Thomas Lober
Amina Ajroudi
Jennifer Trebeljahr
1. race
2. immigration
3. gender equality
4. sexual orientation
5. socioeconomics
6. sources
Shannon Hilliker-Van Strander
David Gerstle
Academic English
Diversity in U.S. Culture

Business and Race
By Karsten Wichmann
Black / African Distribution and Unemployment Rate
Population by Ethnicity 2000 - 2010
North: 50 million

West: 27 million

Southwest: 31 million Mexican

Southeast: 41 million African American
Poverty and Salary
Population Prognosis

Example Upperclassmen

Diversity Management
„Diversity should be understood as the varied perspectives and approaches to work that members of different identity groups bring.“
(David Thomas, Robin Ely: Harvard Business Review)

„planning and implementing organizational systems and practices to manage people so that the potential advantages of diversity are maximized while its potential disadvantages are minimized.”
(Taylor Cox)
What does it mean?
is a part of Human-Resources-Management and tries to use social Diversity constructive

it tries to not just tolerate Diversity, but rather appreciate Diversity and try to use it for success of business

Diversity Management is also being used for solicit new employees , when there is a skills shortage

it always struggles with equal opportunities policy and a proactive competition orientation
discrimination and fairness paradigm
access and legitimacy paradigm
learning-and-effectiveness Paradigm
What do you think about Diversity Management?
Is there something critical about it?
Immigration and Business
Franziska Feldmann

Aretz, H. - J. & Hansen, K. (2002) Diversity und Diversity-Management im Unternehmen. In: Managing diversity. Bd. 3, Lit Verlag.

Bürgenmeier, B. (1992). Socio- Economics: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Ethics, Institutions, and Markets. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Boston/ Dordrecht/ London.

Davis, Dee - President of PFLAG

Dunman, Shirley - Upperclassmen

Foegen Karsten, M. (2006) Gender, Race, and Ethnicity in the Workplace volume 1 and 2. Praeger Publishers. Westport

Gibbs, S. (2015) #iLookLikeAnEngineer: engineers take to Twitter to dispel all-male myth. 08/11/2015. http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/aug/05/engineers-twitter-ilooklikeanengineer.

Hill, C. Ph.D. (2015). The Simple Truth about the Gender Pay Gap. 08/11/2015. http://www.aauw.org/research/the-simple-truth-about-the-gender-pay-gap.

Kelly, Thomas Dr. - Professor of Management and former Dean of the School of Management

Kloosterman,R. & Rath, J. (2003) Immigrant entrepreneurs. Venturing Abroad in the age of Globalization. Oxford, New York.

Lessen, R. (1998). Management Development through cultural Diversity. Routledge. London/ New York.

Mierke, K.; Rosier, J. ; Schoeller, J. (2012) Gender and Diversity Management: Explicit Cultural Values Help to Attract Target Group Members, Journal of Business and Media Psychology.

Moroski, Karen - Program Coordinator for The Lesbian and Gay Family Building Project
Page, S. E. (2007). The difference: how the power of diversity creates better groups, firms, schools, and societies. Princeton University Press. Oxfordshire.

Rubaii, Nadia Dr. - Associate Professor of Public Administration.

Silberstein, Dara Dr. - Executiv Director of the Women, Gender, and Sexuality program.

Sinclair, Thomas Dr. - Associate Professor of Public Administration.

Thomas, D . (1996). Making differences matter: A new paradigm for managing diversity. In: Harvard Business Review. Nr.5, Harvard Business School Publishing.

US Census 2015 U.S. and World Population Clock 08/07/2015 http://www.census.gov/popclock/.

Women’s Entrepreneurship Around the Globe: National Women’s Business Council. 2003.

Increase of immigrant entrepreneurs first noticed in the U.S. around 1970

Change in economy: from manufacturing society to service based economy, small businesses and self-employment

Unemployment in the home countries pushes migrants into emigration and self-employment

Migration from less-developed countries to highly-developed countries shows process of globalization

Immigrants had been long time entitled as unskilled workers, now also as entrepreneurs
→ Change of role and image
Building of own jobs on account of a lack of alternatives
- low start-up costs
- often no special education needed
Other reasons: higher/better income or an opportunity for advancement
To work one’s way up is difficult, but not impossible

More immigrants work at the lower-end
→ ethnic markets becoming more common

High-educated immigrants (undergraduate and graduate students) focus on research and science
→ earn more money in the U.S.

sexual orientation and business
''We believe having a diversity of perspectives ensures we make better business decisions and the products and services we offer meet the needs of the broad spectrum of people we serve worldwide, which is why we couldn't be more proud to support the expansion of legal protections.''

- Symantec
Population by Ethnicity 2000 - 2010
Black / African distribution and Unemployment Rate
Poverty and Salary
Population prognosis
Example from an upperclassmen
making a procuctive atmosphere

prevent social discrimination

improve equal opportunities

strategic ambitions: improving adaptability for changing sector by constructing a unique, hard to imitate human capital

operational ambitions: heightened problem solutions with heterogeneity groups
Thomas Lober
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