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加爾文主義與清教徒

教會歷史三 第二課
by

John Chan

on 17 March 2016

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Transcript of 加爾文主義與清教徒

Henry VIII
Elizabeth I
James I
English Civil War
(1642–1651)
King James Version
John Owen
1616 – 1683
"Communion with God"
"pneumatologia"
Calvinist
Reformed tradition
Nonconformist
church of england
Jacobus Arminius
(1560–1609)
1603-1625
1. The Great Bible (Henry VIII, 1535)
2. The Bishops' Bible (1568)
1558-1603
Geneva Bible
Puritans
3. KJV (King James I, 1611)
3. 隨書附送commentary (清教徒神學)
1. 輕巧方便攜帶
2. 價廉物美
欽定版聖經
日內瓦聖經
Millenary Petition
Edward VI
Mary I
1547-1553
NO BIshop, No KING!
“If bishops were put out of power, I know what would become of my supremacy,” James objected. ”No bishop, no King. When I mean to live under a presbyteryland again.“
CHURCH system
ENgland's Solomon
1615 – 1691
Richard Baxter
points Calvinist
Act of Uniformity
1662
Act of Toleration
1689
vs
sorry... not for Catholics, Atheist, NON-Trinitarian
universal redemption of mankind
Methodus Theologiae
Christian Directory
“When God telleth us as plain as can be spoken, that
Christ died for and tasted death for every man
, men will deny it, and to that end subvert the plain sense of the words, merely because they cannot see how this can stand with Christ’s damning men, and with his special Love to his chosen. It is not hard to see the fair and harmonious consistency: But what if you cannot see how two plain Truths of the Gospel should agree? Will you therefore deny one of them when both are plain? Is not that in high pride to prefer your own understandings before the wisdom of the Spirit of God, who indicted the Scriptures?
Should not a humble man rather say, doubtless both are true though I cannot reconcile them
. So others will deny these plain truths, because they think that all that Christ died for are certainly Justified and Saved: For whomsoever he died and satisfied Justice for, them he procured Faith to Believe in him: God cannot justly punish those whom Christ hath satisfied for, etc. But doth the Scripture speak all these or any of these opinions of theirs, as plainly as it saith that Christ died for all and every man? Doth it say, as plainly any where that he died not for all?
Doth it any where except any one man, and say Christ died not for him? Doth it say any where that he died only for his Sheep, or his Elect, and exclude the Non-Elect? There is no such word in all the Bible
; Should not then the certain truths and the plain texts be the Standard to the uncertain points, and obscure texts?” (Richard Baxter, Universal Redemption of Mankind by the Lord Jesus Christ, London, 1694, 282-283).
Canons of Dort
1.
Of Divine Predestination
2.
of Christ’s Death and Human Redemption through It
3
+
4
OF Human Corruption, Conversion to God, and the Way It Occurs
5
. Of the Perseverance of the Saints
多特信經
墮落前揀選
墮落後揀選
亞目拉都主義
阿米念主義
Moses Amyraut
(1596–1664)
lapsus
墮落
infra-
supra-
"prior to"
"below"
Book of Common Prayer
as the only legal form of worship
Act of Uniformity
1559
Now I would know of any man,
would you believe that Christ died for all men if the Scripture plainly speak it?
If you would, do but tell me, what words can you devise or would you wish more plain for it than are there used? Is it not enough that Christ is called the Saviour of the World? You’ll say, but is it of the whole World? Yes, it saith, He is the propitiation for the sins of the whole World. Will you say, but it is not for All men in the World?
Yes it saith he died for All men
, as well as for all the World. But will you say, it saith not for every man? Yes it doth say, he tasted death for every man. But you may say, It means all the Elect, if it said so of any Non-Elect I would believe. Yes, it speaks of those that denied the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.
And yet all this seems nothing to men prejudiced
.

[Richard Baxter, Universal Redemption of Mankind, pages 286-287. The verses that are alluded to in this quote are John 4:42; 1 John 2:2; 1 Tim. 2:4-6; Heb. 2:9; 2 Pet. 2:1.]
BLOody mary
The state of monarchy is the supremest thing upon earth, for kings are not only God's lieutenants upon earth and sit upon God's throne, but even by God himself they are called gods. There be three principal [comparisons] that illustrate the state of monarchy: one taken out of the word of God, and the two other out of the grounds of policy and philosophy. In the Scriptures kings are called gods, and so their power after a certain relation compared to the Divine power. Kings are also compared to fathers of families; for a king is truly parens patriae [parent of the country], the politic father of his people. And lastly, kings are compared to the head of this microcosm of the body of man.
Divine right of kings
Presbyterian system
ministers
elders
Charles I
Puritan
1525-1549
1505-1547
Defender of Faith 1521
Act of Supremacy 1534
Lady Jane Grey
9 days Queen
Reformation!
NEW ENGLAND
since 1630
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
Max Weber
puritan theology
1. Calvinism
2. Sabbatarianism
3. millennialism
4. biblicism
全然的墮落
Total Depravity
聖徒永蒙保守
Limited Atonement
限定的救贖
Irresistable Grace
不可抗拒的恩典
Unconditional Election
無條件的揀選
Perseverance of the Saints
T
U
L
I
P
TULIP
Q:HOW IS Catholic Eschatology?
停止使用 “Priest” (司鐸)或 “Absolution” 等字眼
反對:
1603
千人請願
洗禮時作十架的手勢記號
堅信禮 (confirmation)
平信徒施行洗用戒指
向耶穌的名字跪拜
穿着聖服 (白色法衣 surplice and cap)
Theodore Beza
(1519–1605)
Double Predestination
High Calvinism
Thomas Cromwell
Thomas Cranmer
Parliament
Westminster Confession of Faith
1647
西敏斯特信仰信條
http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/creeds3.iv.xvii.ii.html
JOHN CALVIN
precisian
Puritan
against pleasure
Cathars
嚴謹的人, 呆板的人
純潔派
Paul Washer
John Piper
D. Martyn-Lloyd-Jones
James I. Packer
廖炳堂
James I. Packer
Henry
Edward
Mary
Elizabeth
James
Charles I
Charles II
remember...
REFORM
GO! GO! GO!
Catholic!
WIcked bible
KJV
Catholic Wife
Henrietta Maria of France
No Puritans PREaching
TAX, TAX, TAX
CONflict with Parliament
oliver cromwell
The Protectorate: 1653–58
REligious Freedom!!
(PUritan only)
Charles II
No Gambling
No Drink
EVERYbody must go to CHURH!
REStoration
王政復辟
PUritans
Full transcript