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Sub-Saharan Africa in a Geographical Perspective

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John Michael Peña

on 29 August 2013

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Transcript of Sub-Saharan Africa in a Geographical Perspective

Sub-Saharan Africa
in a Geographical Perspective
Carbajal
Columbres
De Guzman
Holgado
Joven
Lusterio

Mia
Paderon
Peña
Pineda
Siat
Villanueva

1CA3
Ms. Venessa Joy Gammad
Basic Facts
Brief History
Physical
Geography

Political
System

Economic
System

Socio-Cultural
System

Abbey Columbres
Zeke Cabrajal
Patty Holgado
Thea Lusterio
John Peña
Arianne Pineda
Shayne Joven
Mark Villanueva
Ana Mia
Fatima De Guzman
It includes the African countries at
the south of Sahara Desert.
Sahara Desert
* The African Transition Zone cuts across the southern edge of the Sahara Desert at the widest portion of the continent.
Largest Desert on Earth
* It divides North Africa from the rest of Africa because of climatic and cultural dynamics.
It was further divided into regions:
Prehistoric Africa
The Australopithecus (southern apes) had developed throughout Southern (Taung) , Eastern(Tanzania) and Central africa. (3 mil.-1.8 mil. BCE)
The Saharan and Sub-Saharan regions have been seperated at the 5.9 kiloyear event. (5,900 BP)
The Trans-Saharan Trade and Carthage (500 BCE)
The use of camels (525 BCE)
Eastern Africa
Kush and Nubia
Nilo-Saharan languages
Ancient Somalia and Colonial resistance at the Horn of Africa (19th Century)
Western Africa
The Nok culture
The Aro Confederacy
Nigeria and Great Britain
Central Africa
The Luba Kingdom
Southern Africa
The Cape of Good Hope
Modern and Contemporary Africa
Independence (1950-1960)
Slavery, Child Soldiers, and Human Trafficking
Africa does not have extended mountain ranges.
The tallest point in Africa—Mt. Kilimanjaro in Tanzania near the border with Kenya
Mt. Kenya
The Rwenzori Mountains on the Congo/Uganda border
Mt. Cameroon in Central Africa
Lake Victoria: The Largest Lake in Africa
Lake Tanganyika: World's Longest Freshwater Lake
Victoria Falls
Nile River: World's Longest River
Niger River
Congo River
Zambezi River
Language
Religion
Art
With the exception of extinct Sumerian, the
Afro-Asiatic
has the longest documented history of any language family in the world.
The
Khoi-San languages
represent the oldest language family in the world.
The
Niger–Congo
is the largest language family in the world in terms of the number of languages it contains (1,436).
Sub-Saharan Africa is largely Christian, while North Africa is predominantly Muslim.
Niger–Congo-speakers
is a belief in a creator God; ancestor spirits; territorial spirits; evil caused by human ill will and neglecting ancestor spirits; priest of territorial spirits.
Nilo-Saharan speakers
is the belief in Divinity; evil is caused by divine judgement and retribution; prophets as middlemen between Divinity and man.
Afro-Asiatic-speakers is henotheism
, the belief in one's own gods but accepting the existence of other gods; evil here is caused by malevolent spirits.
A shell necklace in Cave of Pigeons in Taforalt, eastern Morocco: Oldest Abstract Art
Mauritania
Mali
Niger
Chad
Nigeria
Cameroon
Senegal
Gambia
Guinea
Bissau
Guinea
Sierra
Leone
Liberia
Ivory Coast
Ghana
Togo
Benin
Burkina Faso
Equatorial Guinea
Central African Republic
Gabon
Republic of
Congo
Sudan
South Sudan
Ethiopia
Eritrea
Djibouti
Somalia
Uganda
Kenya
Rwanda
Burundi
Tanzania
Democratic Republic
of Congo (Zaire)
Angola
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Mozambique
Namibia
Botswana
Lesotho
South Africa
Swaziland
Madagascar
Map of Sub-Saharan Africa
Rock Art of Blombos Cave in South Africa
Nok Culture
* In 1943 clay shards were discovered during tin mining operations on the southern and western slopes of the Jos Plateau.
* Both the terracotta sculptures and the society which made them are known by the name of the village near to which the first discovery was made: Nok.
* This is the oldest evidence for an organised society in sub-Saharan Africa.
* Nok culture terracottas are heralded as the prime evidence of pre-colonial civilization in sub-Saharan Africa
Tribal Leadership
Colonial Rule
Democracy / Republic
Monarchy
* one of the first organized governments to evolve in Africa

* Hundreds of tribes exist today

* (example) Samburu of Kenya

* Tribes occupy a "distinct territory," and follow a tribal headman. –Barbara Miller (anthropologist)

* Headmen-chosen based on the sense of authority they project and abilities

* survived serious threats to their existence
* caused divisions among the African people

* Direct rule - Europeans held positions of authority in carrying out administrative duties

* Indirect rule - practiced most especially by France, which ruled much of West Africa.

-characterized rule by Britain

*Although all of Africa is today free from any direct European rule, the effects are still felt today.
* multiparty state with a government

* elected by a free vote of the citizens of the country

* one that includes features such as popularly backed political parties and an independent judiciary

* have had little time to develop

* weak and oftentimes corrupt

* Somalia "failed state" - entire structure of government is lacking

* Tanzania and South Africa - fairly strong republics with a working democratic system featuring popularly elected legislatures
* kingdoms developed along Africa's coastlines between the eighth and 16th centuries

* Ghana and Mali Empires (two of the earliest) - established strong monarchical governments and operated extensive trade routes

* Lesotho and Swaziland - two countries that remain traditional kingdoms

* possess weak economies

* relying on income earned by laborers who work across the border in South Africa's mines and factories.
Idi Amin
Uganda
(1925 - 2003)
Jean-Bédel Bokassa
Central African Republic
(1921 - 1996)
Climate
*Around 835 million total population live in around 65 countries of Sub-Saharan Africa.
Kalahari Desert
Namibia Desert
Sahara Desert
* A diversity of people including well educated business professionals, subsistence farmers, nomadic herders, fishermen and a large number of individuals who face challenges from civil unrest, disease and famine.
* A large number of Sub-Saharan Africans live in major urban centers around the globe but maintain strong ties with family and friends in their home countries
* 22% Muslim, 35% Christian, 41% African Traditional Religion
Western Africa
Central Africa
Southern Africa
Eastern Africa
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