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Functional Groups

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by

Marlene Michalek

on 15 September 2010

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Transcript of Functional Groups

Functional Groups Hydroxyl Carbonyl Carboxyl amino sulfhydral phosphate consists of an oxygen and hydrogen (-OH) covalently bonded to the carbon skeleton called alcohols:
names often end in -ol function: attracts H2O molecules, helping dissolve organic compounds, such as sugar consists of a carbon double-bonded to an oxygen (>C=O) if carbonyl group is at the end of the carbon skeleton, compound is called an aldehyde otherwise called a ketone function: found in most sugars, causing sugars to be water soluble consists of a carbon bonded to an oxygen and also attached to a hydroxyl group (-COOH) Called carboxylic acids or organic acids function: causes molecules and solutions to be acidic consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to 2 hydrogens (-NH2) -Called amines, can act as a base function: makes amino acids consists of a sulfur atom bonded to a hydrogen (-SH) Thiols are compounds containing sulfhydryl groups function: stabilize the complex structures of proteins is bonded to the carbon skeleton by its oxygen attached to the phosphorus atom that is bonded to 3 other oxygen atoms (-OPO ) 3 -2 -Group is an anion due to the dissociation of hydrogen ions function: transfers energy between organic molecules
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