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Transcript of Confucianism
•Shu Jing - The Book of History
•Shi Jing - -The Book of Odes
•Li Jing - The Book of Rites
•Qunqui - Annals of Spring and Autumn •Lunyu - Analects of Confucius
•Mengzi - Book of Mencius
•Daxue - Great Learning
•Zhongyong - Doctrine of the Mean Confucius Kong Fuzi also known as Confucius was a Chinese philosopher and teacher who founded Confucianism. He was born in Ch'u-fu, and lived from around 551-479 BC. Junzi Confucius thought that the best way to create a good government was to fill it with educated people who would not let personal belief get in the way of their judgement. So he created "Junzi" (superior individuals). Ruggiero, Adriane. Confucianism. Detroit: Greenhaven, 2006. Print. • Ruggiero, Adriane. Confucianism. Detroit: Greenhaven, 2006. Print.
•Bentley, Jerry H., and Herbert F. Ziegler. Traditions & Encounters: A Global Perspective on the past. Boston: McGraw Hill, 2000. Print.
•"FORE: Religion-Confucianism-Sacred Texts." FORE: Religion-Confucianism-Sacred Texts. Yale University Forum on Religion and Ecology, 2001. Web. 24 Oct. 2012. <http://fore.research.yale.edu/religion/confucianism/texts/index.html>.
•Confucius, Xiqin Comment. Cai, Bo Lai, and Yuhe Xia. Lunyu = Analects of Confucius. Beijing Shi: Huayu Jiaoxue Chubanshe, 1994. Print.
• "Architecture and Confucianism." Architecture and Confucianism. Ministry of Culture, 2003. Web. 24 Oct. 2012. <http://www.chinaculture.org/gb/en_madeinchina/2005-10/21/content_74813.htm>. • Ruggiero, Adriane. Confucianism. Detroit: Greenhaven, 2006. Print. • Focuses on moral and ethical living more than any other religion or philosophy. • Standards included a devotion to learning, rectitude, and Xiao. • Much like traditional China, the women in Confucian China were looked at with very little respect, and had little power. - Xiao (Filial Piety) - proper behavior towards your parents. • Their work was limited to the household. • A woman's virtue rested in her... -Filial piety towards her parents
-Serving her husband
-The education of her children Mencius One of the most important Confucian followers, and founding personalities. Spent a great deal of time and effort traveling around trying to convince leaders to adopt Confucian ideas, and avoid wars. He believed that all people are good by nature. Xunzi Confucian scholar who developed the philosophy that all people are naturaly evil, but said that it could be fixed through education and the following of Confucian rules. Ruggiero, Adriane. Confucianism. Detroit: Greenhaven, 2006. Print. Ruggiero, Adriane. Confucianism. Detroit: Greenhaven, 2006. Print. Japanese Korea Vietnam Confucianism spread from China to Japan in the 6th & 7th centuries AD. It became the official philosophy of Japan during the rule of Tokugawa Ieyasu. Confucianism was introduced to Korea by students and leaders who had visited China, and reaturned with great enthusiasm about the Confucian teachings and beliefs. It was not adopted as the offical teachings until the Choson dynasty (1392-1910). It was then that Korea became an ideal Confucian society. By 1000's AD Confucianism had spread to Vietnam where it coexisted with Buddhism and Taoism. Confucianism was closely related to the upper class becuase of the focus on self cultivation and learning. Ruggiero, Adriane. Confucianism. Detroit: Greenhaven, 2006. Print. Composed of sayings belonging to Confucius, and written by his disciples. • Confucianism began in the country of China. • At the time of the philosophy's development China was in a constant state of warfare, and was suffering from social and political corruption and chaos. • Confucianism is a philosophical school of thought that was named after its creator Confucius. • The philosophy of Confucianism is a way of life, not a religion. Though many of their traditions and practices resemble many other World religions. • Li (ritual decorum) and Ren (benevolence or humaneness) • Confucius believed that people who followed these principles and practices could achieve virtue, and could have the influence to rise to power, and restore the government. "FORE: Religion-Confucianism-Sacred Texts." FORE: Religion-Confucianism-Sacred Texts. Yale University Forum on Religion and Ecology, 2001. Web. 24 Oct. 2012. <http://fore.research.yale.edu/religion/confucianism/texts/index.html>. Confucianism vs. Taoism Similarities Differences •Orgin- China • Confucianism focuses on Humanity. The holy books are the Classics and the books of great learning. Monotheistic. • Taoism focuses on body and believes life is good. Holy text is Tao Te Ching; I Ching, polytheistic. •Worships- temples "Confucianism vs Taoism." - Difference and Comparison. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Oct. 2012. <http://www.diffen.com/difference/Confucianism_vs_Taoism>. • Holidays- the Chinese New Year and Ancestor's Day. • Confucius spend the majority of his life traveling in search of political positions. His strong willed nature and refusal to compromise his beliefs for a political position, made rising to power a challenge. • Confucius attracted many followers along the way. He taught these disciples about his way of life, and thought process. From there the philosophy spread. Bentley, Jerry H., and Herbert F. Ziegler. Traditions & Encounters: A Global Perspective on the past. Boston: McGraw Hill, 2000. Print. Produced during the Zhou Dynasty - provided incite on human nature. - Mang I asked what filial piety was. The Master said, "It is not being disobedient." (Analects of Confucius) • Confucius, Xiqin Comment. Cai, Bo Lai, and Yuhe Xia. Lunyu = Analects of Confucius. Beijing Shi: Huayu Jiaoxue Chubanshe, 1994. Print. ART ARCHITECTURE "Confucianism regards art as a medium for character improvement, and therefore expects art to serve a political purpose. The artistic process reveals life's secrets, and the artist makes this knowledge a driving force through which to improve morals and hence character." (womenofchina.cn) Confucianism promoted a sense of unity, and harmony that artists loved to capture. • Zhuhong. "Confucianism and Chinese Art." - Women of China. All-China Women's Foundation, 22 July 2010. Web. 24 Oct. 2012. <http://www.womenofchina.cn/html/report/107049-1.htm>. • "Architecture and Confucianism." Architecture and Confucianism. Ministry of Culture, 2003. Web. 24 Oct. 2012. <http://www.chinaculture.org/gb/en_madeinchina/2005-10/21/content_74813.htm>. People who had certain Confucian virtues could request that a "memorial arch" be built for them. These arches were build by your county, and were unique to each individual depending on who they were, where they are from, or political rank. • Confucianism revolutionized government, and helped unify China, after being adopted as the official philosophy of the Han Dynasty.
• Confucianism is still practiced all over the world.
• After years of communist rule, the ideas of Confucius, are begining to reemerge in the Chinese government.