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Battle of Yorktown
Transcript of Battle of Yorktown
Yorktown By Anjali Patel, Isabella Martin, Lourdz Vallejo, and Sneha Kabaria Time and Location of the Battle Where did the battle take place? Yorktown, Virginia The location of the battle in Yorktown, VA, a busy 18th century tobacco port founded in 1619 The battle was along the York River and Wormley Creek, and on Gloucester Point.
The patriot side surrounded the red coats in a siege. Time Leader of the redcoats, Major General Lord Cornwallis, was camped in Yorktown with his troops. Last battle of the Revolutionary War Battle took place in the late summer of 1781 surrender of General Cornwallis on October 19, 1781 Events That led up to the Battle Significance of the Battle The last battle of the American Revolution.
General Cornwallis was forced to surrender after reinforcements never came. versus Leaders of
the Battle Places of the Battle French Americans led by Lieutanant General Comte de Rochambeau Admiral Count de Grasse:
commander in chief of the naval army
merged with Washington in Chesapeake Bay and
later controlled forces in Chesapeake Bay The Americans led by General George Washington
Commander in Chief of the combined foreces of America and France Benjamin Lincoln was given the position of second in command British Right Hon. Earl General Lord Cornwallis led British troops. Charles O'Hara was second in command and the substituted Cornwallis during the final surrender. substituted Washington in the surrender Reinforcements were expected from General Henry Clinton but never came. Battle started September 29, 1781 a.k.a. The Siege of Yorktown Thomas Symonds led British naval forces in the York River. May 10, 1781: British commander Charles Cornwallis makes unauthorized move into Virginia with his army Because of Loyalist and Patriot confilicts in the South
•Pushed Marquis de Lafayette and his troops out of Richmond.
•British General Clinton moves Cornwallis up to the Chesapeake Bay, due to his unauthorized move. August 1, 1781: British occupy Yorktown and Gloucester, where Cornwallis plans to use their port as a base for resupply of Virginia campaign Marquis de Lafayette finds out about plan and sends word to General George Washington, commander of the Continental Army. Marquis de Lafayette Marquis de Lafayette:
alerted George Washington of Corwallis' plans for VA August 14, 1781 Washington finds out that French Admiral DeGrasse, allied with the Patriots, is heading for the Chesapeake Bay with 28 battleships and army. August 19, 1781 Washington’s army begins to move towards Virginia, but leaving 2,500 men behind, fooling Cornwallis. General Graves was the Commander of the British Navy. August 31, 1781 General Graves, commander of the British Navy, is fooled by Washington and takes ships out of Chesapeake Bay, headed for the Patriot army. September 11, 1781 Cornwallis is told that Henry Clinton will arrive with supplies and reinforcements. September 29, 1781 Washington’s troops begin to arrive in Virginia BATTLE BEGINS! French commander of Patriot fighting out in Richmond Works Cited The Articles of Capitulation were written. It officially stated Cornwallis's surrender in Yorktown. The Battle of Yorktown led up to the signing of the Treaty of Paris on September 3, 1783. Defining Events of the Battle Washington and His Troops arrived in Yorktown Scheduled reinforcements from Clinton never came to help Corwallis.
British were surrounded by troops and were unable to escape from sea Washington created unbearably, harsh conditions.
Life is horrible.
Three (3) weeks of shelling. Patriot, Thomas Nelson, urged Washington to burn Cornwallis' headquarters in his house. BATTLE FINALLY ENDS!!! First
through British 2nd in command (Charles O'Hara) attempted to surrender 8,000 men to French
French General Rochambeau sent O'Hara to Washington Cornwallis finally surrendered on October 19, 1781. Second:
Washinton sends O'Hara to Benjamin Lincoln (second in command of the American troops) As the surrender took place: British played the song "The World Turned Upside Down" signature page of Treaty of Paris First page of the Articles of Capitulation Corwallis pushed to surrender Cornwallis feigned being ill "The World Turned Upside Down" played during British surrender. -York and Glouchester