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Blacks in Nova Scotia

How the collective rights have changed

Josh Anderson

on 27 April 2010

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Transcript of Blacks in Nova Scotia

The Blacks in Nova Scotia Treament of Blacks before there rights were protected. Spring 1734: Angélique Tortured and Hanged Marie-Joseph Angélique allegedly set fire to her master's house and destroyed nearly 50 homes. She was tortured and hanged as an object lesson for all Blacks.
During 1775 to 1783 the British offered black slaves freedom from their bondage if they served on their side during the American Revolution, one of the first decisions made to free blacks, nearly one hundred years before Lincoln.
Unfortunately, the deal just wasn't as good as it sounded. They could come only from the rebel side, not the loyalist. They were still allowed to have slaves. Many eagerly signed up hoping to have real freedom, but their first sign of continued separate treatment came when they were all placed in black regiments, kept apart from the whites and, when the war was lost, the settlement arrangements were not as fair as the whites’. Upward of 3,000 black slaves went to the Maritime's in 1783, mostly to Nova Scotia (New Brunswick became a province in 1784). Black loyalists founded the first black communities in Canada, mainly the Digby, Halifax and Saint John, areas with Shelburne having the biggest settlement.
One of the segregated locations for these brave black loyalists was Digby. When land was given out by rank, the lowest ranking white man received 100 acres of land; a black man received 1 acre if he was lucky. Any farmer knew that an existence could not be made on 1 acre of land. Conditions and treatment were horrible. Shock and betrayal fell upon the black loyalists of Digby.
For some strange reason, other areas of Nova Scotia were granting out 50 acres to each black loyalist though still 50 acres short from their white counterparts who received 100. To the south in Shelburne, the first race riot in Canadian history broke out on 26 July 1784 (Benjamin Marston's diary). White loyalists attacked the black loyalists and ran them out of town and pulled down their homes. This lasted for 10 days and after that, 90 black homes were pulled down and most ran out of town.
21 March 1793: The Cooley Case Upper Canadians were shocked when Chloë Cooley, an enslaved girl from Queenstown, was beaten and bound by her owner and sold to an American. Brought before Upper Canada's Executive Council 21 March 1793, English law made prosecution impossible. The incident convinced Lieutenant-Governor Simcoe that the abolition of slavery was necessary.
Collective Rights - rights guaranteed to specific groups in Canadian society for historical and constitutional reasons. Description of group.
they are from Africa
they were brought to the 13 colonies to be slaves on plantations
first black slave brought from Africa to Canada was Olivier Le Jeune in 1629
In the northern colonies, slaves worked as farm hands or at various jobs as domestic workers or at semi-specialized trades, such as lumbering, mining, road-making, black smithing, shoemaking, weaving and spinning. There Rights Today The current legislation that affirms the rights of blacks in Canada is the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms but the most important section for the blacks is Section 15 Equality Rights. The reason it is the most important section for the blacks of Canada is because they have been subject to discrimination ever since there arrival to Canada in the early 1600's. The importance of Collective rights to all Canadians. The reason collective rights are important to all Canadians is because:
they affirm the collective identity of groups in society
creates a society where people of different identities belong
they are part of the dynamic relationship between Canada's government and its citizens Marie-Joseph Angélique set fire to her owner's house in order to cover her escape White soldiers drove the Blacks out of Shelburne. John Graves Simcoe, first lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada, helped to abolish slavery in Canada in 1793
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