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Martin Luther King, Jr

Martin Luther King, Jr
by

scott hennigs

on 25 August 2010

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Transcript of Martin Luther King, Jr

Martin Luther King, Jr. Who is Martin Luther King Jr? Martin Luther King, Jr was an American activist, and leader of the African American civil rights movement. King was known for the progress he made with the movement, leading the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955, founding the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957, and leading the march on Washington in 1964 where he gave his "I have a dream" speech.
Early Life Martin Luther King, Jr. was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia.
He was born to a family of 3, with an older sister, Willie Christine King, and parents, reverend Martin Luther King, Sr. and Alberta Williams King. His younger brother, Alfred Daniel Williams King, was born in 1930. King and his father were both originally born "Michael King", but they both had their names changed while visiting Germany in 1934. Kings father changed both their names to Martin Luther in honor of the German protestant leader, Martin Luther.

ing and his family lived on Auburn Avenue, in Atlanta, Georgia, home to some of the largest black businesses and black churches, years before the civil rights movement. Martin was also receiving a solid education. At age six, King was told by his white playmate, that his parents would not allow the boy to play with king as him and his siblings attended a segregated school. At age 12, Martin was told the unfortunate news of his grandmother passing away, who he was very close to. This left him so devastated that he attempted suicide by jumping out a second storey window.

ng attended Booker T. Washington High School. Skipping ninth and twelfth grade, he went to Morehouse College at 15 years of age. In 1948 he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in sociology. He then enrolled into Crozer Theological Seminary where he graduated with a bachelor of divinity degree in 1951. King then started studies in systematic theology at Boston University and was given his Doctor of philosophy on June 5, 1995.

Kings childhood home
in Atlanta, Georgia Kings Life Turn Around Kings life turn around began when he was just nineteen, he was encountered by members of the Ku Klux Klan. They accused him of being a “Communist and a Yankee”, king replied "I'm no Yankee – my family has been in the South since before the Revolution. And I'm not a communist. I'm a populist. I believe that blacks and poor whites should join to do something about the big shots who keep us divided." They then let him go after he’d finished speaking.
Martin began meeting with a former classmate of his father at Morehouse College, Howard Thurman. Howard’s missionary work led him to meet with Mahatma Ghandi. Thurman taught King and his friend about civil rights. A man, who studied Thurman’s writing, stated "I don't believe you'd get a Martin Luther King, Jr. without a Howard Thurman".

In 1955, a fifteen year old girl, Claudette Colvin, refused to give up her seat in a bus to a white man, though the Jim Crow Law’s were in place. The laws were that white people got to seat at the front of the bus, while the black people had to sit at the back. Also if a white person came into a bus with no seats spare, a black person would have to stand. Sometimes the bus driver would make the black person pay to get out, and re-enter the bus through the back doors.

King heard of this while he was on the committee from the Birmingham African-American Community. Civil rights leader Edgar Nixon thought it would be best if that waited for a stronger case. In December, 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested for not giving up her seat. This is when King began the Bus Boycott, going on for 385 days; it got so out of hand that king’s house was blown up. King was also arrested but let out of jail 2 weeks later. Even though this just allowed equal rights for bus goers, it was the start of something big.
Philip Randolph, the president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, president of the Negro American Labor Council, and president of the AFL-CIO, Introduced the March on Washington in the summer of 1941. In 1963, the March on Washington was led by Randolph, James Farmer, John Lewis, Martin Luther King Jr, Roy Wilkins, and Whitney Young. If the march was successful, they hoped that they would make a federal civil rights bill in congress.

On August 28, over 2,000 buses, 21 special trains, 10 charted airliners, and hundreds of cars came together in Washington. The march began at the Washington Monument and ended at the Lincoln Memorial with Music being played and lots of speakers. The march did not start on the time planned as the leaders where meeting with members of congress. But the group of marchers began without them anyway. When at Lincoln Memorial, Representatives and leaders gave speeches, one of those people being Martin Luther King Jr with his “I had a dream” speech.

The march was successful and the administration of John F.Kennedy signed federal civil rights bill.



The bus that Rosa Parks was arrested on A sign advertising the March on Washington A Newspaper Advertising the death of Martin Luther King Jr
King's Assassination Seconds after the assassination
On April 4, 1968, 6:01 p.m, King was standing on the second floor balcony when a gun was fired and a bullet entered his right cheek, smashing his jaw, hitting his spinal cord before lodging in the shoulder. Jesse Jackson, who was inside king’s motel room, came out after hearing the gun shot, to find martin on the floor. After emergency surgery, King was pronounced dead at St. Josephs’ Hospital at 7:05 p.m. Kings autopsy showed that even though he was only thirty-nine, he had a heart of a Sixty-year old, suggested that this was caused by stress during the civil rights movement.

Two months after his death, escaped convict James Earl Ray was arrested at London Heathrow Airport while trying to leave the U.K with a fake passport. He was taken to Tennessee and charged with Kings Murder. James confessed and got 99 years in prison, but died of hepatitis C. Gleeson 10 Value he Represented


Gleeson 10 Value-Justice
•Promote a culture of acceptance and inclusivity
•Respect and embrace other peoples beliefs
•Support community service and social justice activities
•Provide processes of reconciliation and restorative


What he done to show Justice
•Fought for and earned African-American bus rights
•Fought for and earned African-American civil rights
•Started and led the poor people’s campaign
Bible Readings representing Justice Give justice to the weak and the orphan; maintain the right of the afflicted and the destitute. Rescue the weak and the needy; deliver them from the hand of the wicked.
-Psalms 82:3—4

Blessed are they who maintain justice, who constantly do what is right.
-Psalm 106:3


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