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Jonathan Hammond-Chambers

on 22 June 2011

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Transcript of Somalia

Double click anywhere & add an idea Somali pirates seize three Thai fishing vessels : 20/4/10

Somali pirates have seized three Thai fishing vessels in the Indian Ocean in what the EU Naval Force said was the furthest off-shore attack to date.

The three vessels, carrying a total of 77 crew members, were hijacked on Sunday, an EU force spokesman said.

He said that the attack took place far outside the area in which the EU force operated, about 1,200 nautical miles (2,222km) from the Somali coast.

The pirates were said to be taking the fishing boats back to Somalia.

"It's the furthest east that any attack and any hijacking has taken place, certainly since Eunavfor arrived in the area in December 2008," spokesman Cmdr John Harbour said.

All the crew on board the three ships, the MV Prantalay 11, 12, and 14, are reported to be Thai.

In recent years, pirates have seized dozens of ships in the Indian Ocean and Gulf of Aden.

They have recently expanded the reach of their attacks to avoid European and American patrols off the Somali coast. So the question remains is Security or Development the priority in reaching a resolution...or it is not that simple? Security?
The country is lawless
The militas fight over turf wars to gain control of the food
Pirates are allowed to roam free along the coatal waters
The militias (ICU) wish for a more extreme Islamic govn...this has international connotations
Why would Govns & TNCs wish to invest in such a place?
The country has not been progressive/ socio-economic stable since Siad Barre was overthrown, 1991...is a tough-love approach the only answer?
Much of the aid is not getting through to the people: top down approach is not working Lessons to be learnt from Somaliland
Have made security spending the priority key...police/ military spending makes up the largest in public budget (20%); 60,000 military personel
Tribe elders have reconciled differences to work towards peace
It now has a successful export industry: oil, livestock and tourism
As a result the main port of Berbera does not have private activity
Literacy rates: 55% (Somalia: 37%)
Life expectancy: 55 yrs (Somalia: 49 yrs)
Infant Mortality: 80/1,000 (Somalia :110/1,000) But maybe the presence of foreign troops (US and UN) is an issue in itself....is Somalia any concern of the international community?...al Qaeda are a presence in the area The is presentation is on war in Somalia
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