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Norms, Folkways, Mores, Taboos, and Laws
Transcript of Norms, Folkways, Mores, Taboos, and Laws
What are Norms?
Norms are a shared rules of conduct that tell people how to act in particular social situations.
An outline of the common customs of everyday life
It makes everything in life a little easier if we all follow these rules.
This category is very strict.
Often, mores come from a certain religious doctrine.
People generally feel very strong about these rules.
These actions are prohibited in
Most find religious roots, and have some sort of written law preventing them from being broken.
Written rules of conduct enacted and enforced by the government.
All of these are from a functionalist perspective.
Some are written, but often they are implied.
Each expectation is created by a culture or group that agrees on
particular way of doing things.
All of these differ from culture to culture, and are often different.
Don't curse in public.
Don't pick your nose.
Don't be promiscuous.
Wear clothing, especially a similar style to others.
Shower and bathe every day.
Never commit murder.
Don't let the American flag hit the ground.
Norms that describe socially acceptable behavior with no moral significance.
If a folkway is broken!
Failure to follow these rules results in a reprimand or a minor punishment.
Breaking these doesn't threaten the well- being of society.
Lowest level of punishment
Putting food in your mouth with a fork
Shake hands with someone when introduced
Don't cut others in line.
Get to class on time.
Social rules that are viewed as imperative to the function of a society. Mores have moral significant.
Showing up naked to church
Living with a significant other before marriage.
Extreme forms of dress
If a More is broken!
A medium amount of punishment,
Violation of a more result in extreme disapproval, and moral shunning.
Breaking a More threatens the stability of a society, and could cause it great harm.
A Norm so heavily held, that violating it results in extreme disgust.
Eating Pork in Islamic Cultures
Use of Illegal Drugs
Any Folkway, More, or Taboo can be a law.
Laws are enforced by several different parts of society, from the police department to the Environmental Protection Agency
Do not steal
Do not murder
Do not go over the speed limit
Do not park illegally
If a Taboo is Broken!
Violating a taboo results in extreme disgust, or being cast out of society.
Breaking a taboo is considered to greatly threaten the stability of a society.
A severe amount of punishment
If a Law is Broken
Violating a Law results in a fine, public correction, and incarceration.
Maintaining a law is considered essential to social stability.
A differing level of punishment
"The Body Bag Experiment"
Well, I have been doing it in small ways throughout class.
Which ones did you see me breaking?
A reaction received from following or breaking a norm
Positive Sanction- an expression of approval.
Negative Sanction- reflects disapproval.
A fine in court