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Collegiate Athlete Disordered Eating Test

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by

Arielle Misrok

on 10 December 2016

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Transcript of Collegiate Athlete Disordered Eating Test

Collegiate Athlete Disordered Eating Test (CADET)
Overview of Presentation
Maggie Dougherty, Arielle Misrok, Isabelle O'Connor, Jenny Smith, Alex Stiebel
Purpose of Our Test
Shared interest in eating disorders
Our purpose was to develop a test to assess the symptoms of disordered eating in female collegiate athletes in relation to female collegiate non-athletes
Reliability
Methodology
Recruited participants through participant pool and social media
Informed consent
Demographic information
Sports information questions
BMI information
CADET
Debrief
Pilot Test and Item Tryout
Feedback mostly consisted of formatting issues
Repetitive questions, needed some rewording
Tests Drawn From
EAT-26 and EDI-2
Self report measures
Screen for AN and BN
CET
Self report measure
"If I feel I have eaten too much, I will exercise more"
"I exercise to burn calories and lose weight"
SCOFF
5 item scale assessing disordered eating behaviors
"Do you worry that you’ve lost control about how much you eat?"
"Have you ever lost more than 15 pounds in a 3 month period?"
Group Norms
Minimum Score: 88
Maximum Score: 187
Mean Overall Score: 144.484
Standard Deviation: 16.419
Item Difficulty
All Participants:
Yes/No
.567
Likert 1
.874
Likert 2
.365
Factor Analysis
Taking out Q15 and Q29
Returning to original wording
Formatting changes
Participants
168 total participants
53 athletes, 110 non-athletes
Age range from 18-23
All class years represented
10 sports represented
Weight range from 95 lbs to 258 lbs
Height range from 4'9" to 6'1"
Future Directions
Collect data from all Divisions of collegiate sports to make results more generalizable
Attempt to even out athlete participants and non-athlete participants
Include more leanness centered sports that are not supported at Dickinson
Look at leanness centered sports in relation to non-leanness centered sports
References
Diagnostic Criteria and Codes. (n.d.). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition. doi:10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.316088
National Dairy Council and University of Illinois at, C. (1985). Food Choice Inventory.
Nyman–Carlsson, E., & Garner, D. M. (2016). Eating Disorder Inventory. Encyclopedia of Feeding and Eating Disorders, 1-6. doi:10.1007/978-981-287-087-2_192-1
Taranis, L., Touyz, S., & Meyer, C. (n.d.). Compulsive Exercise Test. PsycTESTS Dataset. doi:10.1037/t06417-000
SCOFF questionnaire identifies people with eating disorders. (1999). Bmj,319(7223). doi:10.1136/bmj.319.7223.0e
Limitations
Only college students
Underrepresented junior class
26 compared to 40 or 50
Checking multiple answers
Self report
Division III not all generalizable
Athletes could be more hesitant to report
Fear of suspension
Purpose of our test
Tests we drew from
Constructs tested for
Pilot test
Methodology
Participants
Results
Future test revisions
Limitations
Future Directions
Constructs Tested For
Body Image
Exercise Behaviors
Eating and Meal Behaviors
Attitudes Towards Food
Previous History
Athletes Only:
Yes/No
.567
Likert 1
.880
Likert 2
.365
Non-Athletes Only:
Yes/No
.565
Likert 1
.874
Likert 2
.326
All Participants Item Difficulty:
Yes/No Good
Q17 "I have gone a whole day or more without eating for nonreligious purposes"

Q37 "Have you ever made yourself sick to control your weight?"

Likert 1 Good
I avoid having meals with others.

Likert 2 Good
I feel the need to make up for eating too much (laxatives, over exercising, purging, etc.)
Item Discrimination
Yes/No
Q22 - I enjoy eating at restaurants.
.922, p<.000
Q26 - I enjoy trying new foods.
.956, p<.007
Q31 - I exercise to feel stronger/gain muscle.
.958, p<.009
Q36 - I have regular menstrual periods.
.967, p<.021
Q38 - Do you believe you have normal bowel movements?
.969, p<.024

Likert 1:
All significant except:
Q37 - I eat when I'm bored.
.964, p<.119
Likert 2:
All questions were significant
Possible Test Revisions
Yes/No KMO of .825
6 factors
Likert 1 KMO of .697
6 factors
Likert 2 KMO of .602
2 factors
Review of Research
Previous athlete research
Eating disorders utilized
Full transcript