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Religion and Science Ch 16

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Cruz Diubel

on 25 February 2013

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Transcript of Religion and Science Ch 16

In what ways was European Christianity assimilated into the Native American cultures of Spanish America? In What ways did the Protestant
Reformation transform European society,
culture, and politics? How was European Imperial
expansion
related to the spread of Christianity? Map 16.1 Reformation Europe in the Sixteenth Century (p. 466)
Spot Map 16.1 The Expansion of Wahhabi Islam (p. 474)
The Virgin of Guadalupe (p. 460)
The Protestant Reformation (p. 463)
Japanese Christian Martyrs (p. 468)
Jesuits in China (p. 471)
Guru Nanak (p. 476)
Muslim Astronomy and the Scientific Revolution (p. 479)
Uncovering the Human Skeleton (p. 483) Chapter 16
Religion and Science, 1450–1750 Robert W. Strayer Copyright © 2009 by Bedford/St. Martin’s CHAPTER 16
Religion and Science
1450–1750 Ways of the World:
A Brief Global History
First Edition Created permanent schism within Catholic Christendom
Justified kings and princes independence from church
Opposition to social order
Had some impact on women
Challenged the immense prestige and power of the pope
Fostered religious individualism The Protestant Reformation Reformation Europe in the Sixteenth Century Christianity motivated European imperial expansion
Portuguese and Spanish saw movement overseas as continuation of crusades
Spread of Christianity through missionary work and colonial conquest Native Americans reinterpreted Christian practices while incorporating local elements
In Mexico an immigrant Christianity was assimilated to local culture
Mexican Christians continued rituals derived from past even though it was incompatible with Christian practices Why were missionary efforts to spread Christianity so much less successful in China than in Spanish America? Missionaries in China were working with powerful Ming and Qing China while in Spanish America culture was defeated and shaken
Needed permission to work in China
Missionaries in China focused on elite while in Spanish America they focused on the masses
Illiteracy in Spanish America, Gods were discredited What accounts for the continued spread of Islam in the early modern era and for the emergence of reform or renewal movements within the Islamic world? Conversion to Islam
did not mean abandonment of old religious practices
Islamic scholars and holy men did not pose threat and often proved useful to local rulers and communities Why did the Scientific Revolution
occur in Europe rather than in China or the Islamic world? Legal system, independence for a variety of institutions
Paradigm Shift from what they knew once the world was opened to them
In Islam science and philosophy was viewed with great suspicion
In China education was used for the civil service examination What was revolutionary about the Scientific
Revolution? Earth was no longer center of the Universe
Newton showed that the universe was not propelled by angels and spirits
Challenged educated people to question traditional views of the world In what ways did the Enlightenment challenge older patterns of European thinking? Thought was rooted in human reason
Skeptical of authority
Expressed in natural laws
Challenged "Divine Rights of Kings
Challenged the authority of religion
Challenged older thinking See Visual Sources pp (761-769)
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