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Transcript of Industrial Revolution
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THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
In the period from about 1760 to some time between 1820 and 1840
The inventor: Karl Drais
The invention: Laufmaschine
It refers to a period of massive economic, technological, social and cultural change which affected humans to such an extent that it's often compared to the change from hunter-gathering to farming. At its simplest, a mainly agrarian world economy based on manual labour was transformed into one of industry and manufacturing by machines.
The invention of steam power, which was used to power factories and transport and allowed for deeper mining.
Improvement of iron making techniques allowing for vastly higher production levels.
The textile industry was transformed by new machines, such as the Spinning Jenny, and factories, again allowing for much higher production at a lower cost.
Developments in metallurgy and chemical production.
Creation of new and quicker transport networks thanks to first canals and then railways.
Rapid urbanization leading to dense, cramped housing and living conditions.
New city and factory cultures affecting family and peer groups.
Debates and laws regarding child labour, public health and working conditions.
The end of feudalism changes economic relationships.
Higher population because of less disease and lower infant mortality allowed for a larger industrial workforce.
The agricultural revolution frees people from the soil, driving them into cities and manufacturing.
Proportionally large amounts of spare capital for investment.
Inventions and the scientific revolution allowing for new technology.
Colonial trade networks.
The presence of all the required resources close together.
Culture of hard work, taking risks and developing ideas.
Causes of the Industrial Revolution
What changed industrially and economically
What changed socially and culturally
The product: booklet