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Education Theorists: Dewey & Vygotsky

John Dewey and Lev Vygotsky have been noteworthy educational theorists who have contributed learning theories to the classrooms as we see them today.

Humma Qureshi

on 18 April 2010

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Transcript of Education Theorists: Dewey & Vygotsky

John Dewey John Dewey (1859 - 1952)
Witnessed the US transform from an age of
industry into the age of science and technology. MAIN IDEA 1:
Thinking is the process by which man adjusts. Thinking begins as a result of the felt need of the individual. All thinking is problem centered. MAIN IDEA 2:
Through inquiry, collecting facts, experimentation and verification the student will find new truths. MAIN IDEA 3:
Democracy is good.
in a democracy the free interchange
between men permits modification,
change and growth. MAIN IDEA 4:
The school is a
miniature community.
It provides for social and
individual growth. He rejected the teaching of subjects for their own sake. MAIN IDEA 5:
Activity by itself never constitutes experience. The concept of experience involves the aspects of doing and undergoing. MAIN IDEA 6:
Dewey deplored the rigid, passive and unquestioning methods of the traditional schools. Lectures merely provide the individual with information. MAIN IDEA 7:
Discipline is internal and positive. A pupil must be trained to consider his actions so that he will undertake them with deliberation. MAIN IDEA 8:
Children must never be treated exactly alike. Each child has needs and experiences which are uniquely his own. Lev Vygotsky 1896-1934 MAIN IDEA 1:
Interpersonal Communication
Usually learned from the adults in a
childs life. Parents speaking to the child
helps develop vocabulary and encourages
a child to express themselves. MAIN IDEA 2:
Play. A child should be
encouraged to play. Playing
helps a child to master skills on their
Relationship between thought and language.
Inner speech is different from external speech.
The quality of this speech determines how a
child behaves-conscience. MAIN IDEA 4:
Zone of Proximal Development.
This is the range of tasks that are
too difficult for the child to do alone,
however, with some help the student
can master it.
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