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John Kennedy "Ich Bin Ein Berliner"
Transcript of John Kennedy "Ich Bin Ein Berliner"
Ich bin ein Berliner Meaning:
I am a Berliner This speech was delivered in... This is one of the most successful speeches of all because Kennedy uses... Rhetorical Devices such as Repetition Commoratio Diacope Ethos Apophasis Logos Epizeuxis Repitition The use of repition brings the audience to a point over and over again to emphasize a certain idea. Let them come to Berlin Let them come to Berlin Let them come to Berlin This use of repitition tells the audience of Berlin that if enemies think that Berlin is such a bad place... And let them see for themselves if Berlin is really such a bad place Commoratio This is a type of repitition in which something is repeated, but with different wording "I want to say on behalf of my countrymen who live many miles away... ...on the other side of the Atlantic, who are far distant from you... ...that they take the greatest pride... ...even from a distance" This use of repitition emphasizes that even someone from really far away can have the same values as them Apophasis This rhetorical device is the use of calling attention to something by immediately dismissing it. Kennedy talks of communism and its flaws in one paragraph, then immediately dismisses it by talking of how great the country of Germany is. This makes the audience think that their country is really great compared to the communists'. Logos Kennedy uses logic to persuade the audience into thinking that communism is obviously bad and offensive "While the wall is the most obvious and vivid demonstration of the failures of the Communist system... we take no satisfaction in it" Diacope: Repetition of one or more words after the interval of one or more other words "There are some who say -- There are some who say that communism is the wave of the future." "And there are some who say, in Europe and elsewhere, we can work with the Communists." "And there are even a few who say that it is true that communism is an evil system, but it permits us to make economic progress." Ethos
Kennedy uses the ethics of how Berlin acts to make Berlin look like an exceptional place. "I know of no town, no city, that has been besieged for 18 years that still lives with the vitality and the force, and the hope, and the determination of the city of West Berlin." Epizeuxis (repition of words) 2,000 years ago Present (1963) "Two thousand years ago, the proudest boast was "civis Romanus sum."" (I am a Roman citizen) "Today, in the world of freedom, the proudest boast is "Ich bin ein Berliner."" Kennedy repeats "Two-thousand years ago" to emphasize the amazingly long time-span it has been since any place could say that they are proud to be a citizen of their country There also a few propaganda techniques used in this speech such as... Pin-pointing the enemy Innocence Kennedy makes it abundantly clear to the Berliners who the enemy is. This takes out the factor of making them think and can simply know who the enemy is. The enemy is... Communists Innocence:
Kennedy makes his country seem innocent compared to the communists so that the Berliners still look upon him with good eyes "Freedom has many difficulties and democracy is not perfect. But we have never had to put a wall up to keep our people in -- to prevent them from leaving us." Sources:
http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/jfkberliner.html "...vivid demonstration of the failures of the Communist system..." "...this city is true of Germany: Real, lasting peace in Europe..." Pin-Pointing The Enemy By: Nickie Foland