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Copy of The Kite Runner: A Psychoanalytical Analysis
Transcript of Copy of The Kite Runner: A Psychoanalytical Analysis
The Kite Runner
: A Psychoanalytical Analysis
The Kite Runner: A Psychoanalytical Analysis
Psychoanalytic Literary Criticism
Refers to the theory of psychoanalysis, which was begun by Sigmund Freud
A literary approach in which critics consider the repressed unconscious desires of the characters in the text as a disguised indication of the author’s subdued desires
It explores the unconsciousness of the writers, characters, and reader
Focuses on the structure of personality (the ID, ego, and superego)
The Freud Iceberg Analogy
Used to illustrate Freud's structure of the human mind
The mind is similar to an iceberg, only the tip of an iceberg, or the mind, is visible (our conscious and awareness)
Under the water line is our preconscious or dream state, which is hidden from our view (unconscious)
Often parts of an iceberg break off and float to the surface
Likewise, Freud thought bits of our unconscious could break off, and float to the surface of our conscious awareness
Hosseini, Khaled. The Kite Runner. New York: Riverhead Books, 2003. Print.
Question to the Class
Psychoanalytical study explores the nature of the unconscious mind in relation to one’s desires, conscience, and personality.
Throughout the novel, the Freudian concept of psychoanalysis can be seen within the main character Amir and the important figures in his life through their unconscious ID, ethical superego and rational ego that interact with each other and make up the human psyche.
Baba also shows signs of his ID because he wants Amir to be like him so he grows up being a proper man.
PPA: In Chapter 3, Baba and Rahim Khan talk about Amir and how Baba wants him to be his ideal type of person but Rahim Khan explains to him that children aren't something you can mold into whatever you want.
PPA: "I wasn't like that". Baba sounded frustrated, almost angry. Rahim Khan laughed. "Children aren't colouring books. You don't get to fill them with your favourite colours." "I'm telling you," Baba said, "I wasn't like that at all, and neither were any of the kids I grew up with."
Amir's personality as a child:
"What does he know, that illiterate Hazara? He'll never be anything but a cook. How dare he criticize you?" (34)
"In the end, I ran. I ran because I was a coward. I was afraid of Assef and what he would do to me." (77)
Amir's personality (Present)
"There is a way to be good again, he'd said. A way to end the cycle. With a little boy. An orphan. Hassan's son. Somewhere in Kabul." (227)
"'For you, a thousand times over,' I heard myself say." (371)
Factors that heavily influence Amir:
- Baba's expectations of him
- Hassan's rape
- Hassan's loyalty
- Rahim Khan
- Saving Sohrab
Amir is faced with a challenge in Ch.17 when Rahim Khan asks him to save Sohrab.
Rahim always reminds Amir that "There is a way to be good again".
Amirs conscience realizes that this is the way he can redeem himself from his past mistakes.
Saving Sohrab is his way of being loyal to Hassan and finding closure from his mistakes.
Amir is not up for this challenge at first; however, his superego tells him it is the right thing to do.
So he changes his mind and will do this for Hassan and Rahim.
Amir saving Sohrab helped him redeem himself.
Although it took time for Sohrab to get used to his new life, Amir was there to guide him and be there for Sohrab just like Hassan was there for Amir.
After witnessing such a tragic event for Hassan, Amir is left with a life full of guilt and remorse because of not helping his friend.
Hassan and Amir always shared a strong friendship, although they had two different ethnicities.
Witnessing Hassan being raped and not doing anything to stop it or even tell anyone left him to feel like he was guilty of it happening.
Hassan would have stopped to help him, and Amir did not.
Amir's superego is his conscience and it eats away at his thoughts reminding him of what he failed to do.
In conclusion, the psychoanalytical theory is displayed throughout the novel through the protagonist Amir in regards to his irrepressible desires, moral conscience, and impartial personality which work together to form and function the human mind.
Amir shows major signs of how his ID controls him in the beginning of the novel because he tries so hard to get Baba's attention and make him care for him like how he cares for Hassan. Later on in the novel Amir's ID begins to die down because he moves to America and begins to make Baba proud. Amir starts to become the man Baba always wanted him to be.
PPA: In Chapter 3, Amir speaks about Baba and explains the type of man he is and how he wants his attention because he gives most of it to Hassan.
PPA: In Chapter 11, Amirs ID begins to go away because he finally graduates and his father is finally proud of him because of what he accomplished.
Is it possible for there to be an imbalance in any of the three parts of the human psyche? (ID, Ego, Superego) Explain and provide examples.