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Copy of Unit 12: Public Health

This Prezi will give you all the information you need for Unit 12: Public Health
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Jill Marshall

on 22 January 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Unit 12: Public Health

Unit 12: Public Health Assignment 1 Assignment 2 Assignment 3 Aim & Purpose Unit Content Recommended Websites Learning Outcomes Recommended Books Other Resources Journals & Magazines Assessment Criteria Task One Task Two Task Three 1: Know the origins of public health policy and current public health strategies. 2: Understand the factors that affect health status and patterns of ill health. 3: Understand how public health is promoted and protected. The first topic to cover is how public health is identified, monitored and developed. Each key strategy must be included with examples and at least 4 must include examples so the new staff can apply them to their practice.

Public health strategies: key aspects of, e.g. identifying the health needs of the population, monitoring the health status of the community, developing programmes to reduce risk and screen for early disease, controlling communicable disease, promoting the health of the population, planning and evaluating the national provision of health and social care target setting, e.g. local, national, international.

P1 Describe key aspects of public health strategies. You then need to include a timeline of influential events, individual contributions, important policies/reports and describe these features along with their contribution to Public Health.

Historical perspectives of public health systems: nineteenth century, e.g. work of John Snow, Edwin Chadwick, the sanitary movement, Poor Law Act (1834), first Public Health Act (1848); twentieth century, e.g. Beveridge Report (1942), founding of the National Health Service (1948), Acheson Report (1998), Our Healthier Nation (1999); twenty-first century, e.g. White Paper (Choosing Health: Making healthier choices easier (2004)), public health agencies, Health Protection Agency (HPA), National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE).

P2 Describe the origins of public health policy in the UK from the 19th century to the present day. You need to identify and compare two Public Health measures taken today and the 19th century. You should be including what challenges were faced, their relative importance, challenges that remain today and any new ones that have developed.

Key groups in setting and influencing public health policy: government and government agencies, e.g. Department of Health; pressure groups, e.g. Greenpeace, Friends of the Earth; international groups, e.g. WHO, United Nations; national groups, e.g. HPA, NICE, Cancer Research UK.

M1 Compare historical and current features of public health. Task One Task Two Task Three You need to choose 4 patterns of health from national and regional statistics and explain them using at least 5 factors that influence the health of people in this region/country. Remember to reference the sources and the date that the data was accessed. To develop your work further you need to find 2 sources of information that predict the trends over the next couple of decades and discuss these predictions (are they realistic, concerning etc).

Factors affecting health: socio-economic, e.g. social class, age, gender, income, expenditure, employment status, housing, discrimination, education; environmental, e.g. urban, rural, water supply, waste management, housing, pollution, access to health and social care services; genetic, e.g. sickle cell anaemia, thalassaemia, cystic fibrosis, susceptibility to certain diseases, sexuality; lifestyle, e.g. culture, diet, peer pressure, media, access to leisure/recreational facilities, use of recreational drugs, alcohol and smoking.

P4 Explain the main factors affecting current patterns of health in the UK.

M2 Discuss the factors likely to influence current and future patterns of health in the UK. Identify different ways (under the following headings: Environmental, Genetic, Lifestyle and Socio-Economic) in which the government are influencing health patterns (both health and illness patterns). You need to move on to make decisions about how effective the government and its policies have been in changing the trends of health, back this up with data from the statistics you found. Finally you need make a judgement about other ways in which Public Health in the UK could be improved and how this would work.

D1 Evaluate the influence of government on factors that contribute to the current patterns of health and illness in the UK After a very good first presentation and continuing in your role at the Public Health Agency you are asked to produce a second presentation (this time a poster) on the health and well-being of two regional populations: the North West and the South West.

You need to describe the purpose of Public Health reports, the role of the organisations that produce them and the national and local reports that are used. You need to identify and describe how health is monitored, the main patterns of health in the UK as a whole and use examples of these patterns in the two regions North West and South West.

Sources of information for determining patterns of health/ill health: statistics, e.g. World Health Organization
(WHO), government, regional, local; studies, e.g. epidemiological, regional reports, local reports, demographic data, Public Health Observatories, HPA.
Patterns of ill health: the persistence of patterns and inequalities in health; Black Report (1980), Acheson Report (1998), Our Healthier Nation (1999), Tackling Health Inequalities: a Programme for Action (2003), Choosing Health: Making healthy choices easier (2004).

P3 Describe current patterns of ill health and how they are monitored. Task One Task Two Due to your good record with presentations you have been asked to prepare a presentation to be used at the local secondary school to level 2 Health and Social Care students. Within you have been given specific criteria. You can either use PowerPoint or create another Prezi in order to achieve this presentation.

Define the terms ‘health promotion’ and ‘health protection’ and identify the different interventions for each of them. Following on from this you need to assess the various methods used to protect and promote public health, identify each of their strengths and weaknesses and make a decision on which is the most effective/least effective.

Aims: to improve the health of the nation and reduce health inequalities.
Health education: activities, e.g. healthy eating campaigns, government standards for school lunches, national no smoking day, health trainers.
Protection: specific programmes, e.g. immunisation, disease surveillance, health and genetic screening Programmes.
Environmental protection: from hazards, e.g. waste disposal/treatment, supply of safe water, pollution control, control of food preparation, storage and sale, climate change.

P5 Explain health promotion and protection.

M3 Assess the different methods that can be used for promoting and protecting public health. You will need to consider how the health promotion and health protection methods limit the number of people affected by each disease and reduces the severity of the ill-effects if people affected by each disease and reduces the severity of the ill-effects if people are affected. For each disease, you will need to explain how and why each method is effective in controlling it.
The evaluation will require you to make a judgement about the effectiveness of the different methods in controlling each disease with an explanation of how you made these judgements. You should also make recommendations at the end of the presentation as to which methods would be best/most effective for promoting and protecting Public Health for the two named diseases.

Disease prevention: communicable diseases, e.g. tuberculosis, sexually transmitted diseases, meningitis, salmonella food poisoning, MRSA, poliomyelitis, measles; non-communicable diseases, e.g. skin cancer, lung cancer, bowel cancer; coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes.
Socio-economic support and protection: welfare benefits, e.g. child tax credit, pensions, child benefit, free school meals, housing support, fare concessions.

P6 Explain appropriate methods of prevention/control for a named communicable and a named non-communicable disease.

D2 Evaluate the effectiveness of methods used to promote and protect public health for the two named diseases. This unit aims to enable learners to gain knowledge of the origins of public health policy and the current strategies in place. They will also develop an understanding of how public health is monitored, the origin and development of systems for promoting and protecting public health, and the range of key groups in influencing related policy. Public health is concerned with protecting and improving the health of the population, rather than individual health. Practitioners working in the health and social care sectors need to be aware of the implications of public health policy on services and those who use services. They need to be able to consider the reasons for improving public health for both individuals and wider society.
Learners will gain an understanding of current patterns of ill health and consider factors affecting health in the UK. Learners will also have the opportunity to consider different methods of promoting and protecting public health. 1 Know the origins of public health policy and current public health strategies

Historical perspectives of public health systems: nineteenth century, eg work of John Snow, Edwin Chadwick, the sanitary movement, Poor Law Act (1834), first Public Health Act (1848); twentieth century, eg Beveridge Report (1942), founding of the National Health Service (1948), Acheson Report (1998), Our Healthier Nation (1999); twenty-first century, eg White Paper (Choosing Health: Making healthier choices easier (2004)), public health agencies, Health Protection Agency (HPA), National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE).

Public health strategies: key aspects of, eg identifying the health needs of the population, monitoring the health status of the community, developing programmes to reduce risk and screen for early disease, controlling communicable disease, promoting the health of the population, planning and evaluating the national provision of health and social care target setting, eg local, national, international.

Sources of information for determining patterns of health/ill health: statistics, eg World Health Organization (WHO), government, regional, local; studies, eg epidemiological, regional reports, local reports, demographic data, Public Health Observatories, HPA.

Key groups in setting and influencing public health policy: government and government agencies, eg Department of Health; pressure groups, eg Greenpeace, Friends of the Earth; international groups, eg WHO, United Nations; national groups, eg HPA, NICE, Cancer Research UK 2 Understand the factors that affect health status and patterns of ill health

Patterns of ill health: the persistence of patterns and inequalities in health; Black Report (1980), Acheson Report (1998), Our Healthier Nation (1999), Tackling Health Inequalities: a Programme for Action (2003), Choosing Health: Making healthy choices easier (2004)

Factors affecting health: socio-economic, eg social class, age, gender, income, expenditure, employment status, housing, discrimination, education; environmental, eg urban, rural, water supply, waste management, housing, pollution, access to health and social care services; genetic, eg sickle cell anaemia, thalassaemia, cystic fibrosis, susceptibility to certain diseases, sexuality; lifestyle, eg culture, diet, peer pressure, media, access to leisure/recreational facilities, use of recreational drugs, alcohol and smoking 3 Understand how public health is promoted and protected

Aims: to improve the health of the nation and reduce health inequalities

Health education: activities, eg healthy eating campaigns, government standards for school lunches, national no smoking day, health trainers

Protection: specific programmes, eg immunisation, disease surveillance, health and genetic screening programmes

Environmental protection: from hazards, eg waste disposal/treatment, supply of safe water, pollution control, control of food preparation, storage and sale, climate change

Disease prevention: communicable diseases, eg tuberculosis, sexually transmitted diseases, meningitis, salmonella food poisoning, MRSA, poliomyelitis, measles; non-communicable diseases, eg skin cancer, lung cancer, bowel cancer; coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes

Socio-economic support and protection: welfare benefits, eg child tax credit, pensions, child benefit, free school meals, housing support, fare concessions Community Care Health Service Journal Journal of Epidemiology Nursing Times The New NHS: Modern Dependable (Department of Health, 1997) Saving Lives. Our Healthier Nation (Department of Health, 1997) Choosing Health (Department of Health, 2004) P1 Describe key aspects of public health strategies.
P2 Describe the origins of public health policy in the UK from the 19th century to the present day.
M1 Compare historical and current features of public health. P3 Describe current patterns of ill health and how they are monitored.
P4 Explain the main factors affecting current patterns of health in the UK.
M2 Discuss the factors likely to influence current and future patterns of health in the UK.
D1 Evaluate the influence of government on factors that contribute to the current patterns of health and illness in the UK. P5 Explain health promotion and protection.
M3 Assess the different methods that can be used for promoting and protecting public health.
P6 Explain appropriate methods of prevention/control for a named communicable and a named non-communicable disease.
D2 Evaluate the effectiveness of methods used to promote and protect public health for the two named diseases. Acheson D – Independent Inquiry into Inequalities in Health: Report (HMSO, 1998) ISBN 9780113221738
Beaglehole et al – Basic Epidemiology (WHO, 2007) ISBN 9789241547079 Boys D, Langridge E and Michie V – BTEC National Health and Social Care Book 2 (Nelson Thornes, 2007)
ISBN 9780748781720
Davey et al – Health and Disease: A Reader (Open University, 2002) ISBN 9780335209675 Donaldson L J and Donaldson R J – Essential Public Health (Petroc Press, 2003) ISBN 9781900603874
Hall D. M. B and Elliman D (editor) – Health for all Children, Fourth Edition (Oxford University Press, 2003)
ISBN 9780198515883 Moonie N (editor) – Health & Social Care; Edexcel GCE AS Level Double Award (Heinemann, 2005)
ISBN 9780435453701
Myers B – The Natural Sciences (Nelson Thornes, 2004) ISBN 9780748785834 Stretch B – Core Themes in Health and Social Care (Heinemann, 2007) ISBN 9780435464257
Stretch B and Whitehouse M – BTEC National Health and Social Care Book 2 (Heinemann, 2007)
ISBN 9780435499167 Stretch B and Whitehouse M – BTEC Level 3 Nationals in Health and Social Care Student Book 1 (Pearson,
2010) ISBN 9781846907663
Stretch B and Whitehouse M – BTEC Level 3 Nationals in Health and Social Care Student Book 2 (Pearson,
2010) ISBN 9781846907470
Thomson H, Meggitt C, Aslangul S and O’Brien V – Further Studies for Health (Hodder Arnold, 2002)
ISBN 9780340804230 www.apho.org.uk http://www.dh.gov.uk/health/category/policy-areas/public-health/ http://www.fph.org.uk/ http://www.rsph.org.uk/ http://www.whatispublichealth.org/ http://www.hpa.org.uk/ http://www.publichealth.hscni.net/ http://www.nhs.uk/Pages/HomePage.aspx
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