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Copy of The 7 wonders of the world: The Mausoluem at Halicarnassus:
Transcript of Copy of The 7 wonders of the world: The Mausoluem at Halicarnassus:
Was the mausoleum good for the people?
Creds to Ken
Size and scale of Mausoleum compared to a person
Creds to Charity
Background and reason for building:
The mausoleum was built as a tomb for the satrap Mausolus of the Persian Empire, and his sister (also wife) Artemisia. The mausoleum was built at Halicarnassus, or present-day Bodrum, Turkey.
Reason for building: The mausoleum was built as a tomb for Mausolus, and the work was directed by his sister, Artemisia. Artemisia, however, died two years after her husbands death in 350 BC, leaving an unfinished Mausoleum. The craftsmen and architects decided to finish the tomb for it's architectural value.
The 7 wonders of the world: The Mausoluem at Halicarnassus:
Credit to Jody
Architects Satyros and Pytheos were the ones that designed the overall shape of the tomb. Other sculptors invited were Leochares, Bryaxis, Scopas and Timotheus. Joining these sculptors were also hundreds of other workmen and craftsmen. The tomb sat on a hill in an enclosed courtyard. At the center of the courtyard was a stone platform on which the tomb sat. A stairway, with stone lions on each side, led to the top of the platform. Around the outer wall were statues of gods and goddesses. At each corner there were stone warriors on horses that guarded the tomb. The tomb was created with white marble and was 45 m (148 ft) high. Leochares. Bryaxis, Scopas and Timotheus each took one side of the tomb to decorate. A section of the tomb was covered with bas-relief showing action scenes of the battle of the centaurs with the lapiths and Greeks in combat with the Amazons. On top of this section, there are thirty-six slim columns, ten on each side with each corner sharing one column between two sides. Between each column was a statue. The roof of the tomb was pyramidal. On the top was four horses pulling a chariot with Mausolus and Artemisia
Images of the Mausoleum
Rebuilds of the mausoleum
What the original looks like now:
The wonder of the Mausoleum
What was so astonishing about the Mausoleum was the beauty of the structure, which would not have been possible with their technology. With statues and so much more, the Mausoleum is a true work of art. The Mausoleum even stood for close to 17 centuries, being finished in 347 BC and lasting un-damaged until the 15th century. it stood when Alexander the Great had taken reign of the city.
Story about the Mausoleum:
It is said that the vast inner and outer beauty of the Mausoleum was one of the targets of raids, and there is a full account of a warrior describing the plundering of the mausoleum:
"First we found the stairs leading down to the burial chamber below the ground and we were breathless at the spectacular sight in front of our eyes. The second minute we started looting the place, but we didnt have much time, because they commanded us back to the castle. The next day when we came back to the same site, precious gold jewelry and pieces of fine cloth were scattered around the place ...."
Research done by: The Binoos
Ken, Jody Alex, and Charity.
1. Artemisia was Mausolus' sister. It was common for rulers to marry their sisters back then.
2. The city of Halicarnassus where Mausolus and Artemisia ruled is now known as Bodrum, Turkey.
3. The word mausoleum came from the name Mausolus. The term mausoleum became the name used for tombs built above ground.
4. In the 1300's, after the conquering of the mausoleum, the castle of Bodrum was built using the blocks of the Mausoleum
Alex Cai 03 April 12th Binoos