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Jeff Buckley 'Grace' - Edexcel Music

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Geoff Pearce

on 3 December 2015

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Transcript of Jeff Buckley 'Grace' - Edexcel Music

Edexcel GCSE Set work
JEFF BUCKLEY- GRACE
OVERALL
STRUCTURE



Song is in 12/8

bpm = 64 key not clear from first 3 chords (Fm, Gm, Em) Later arrives in D major


Instruments: drum-kit, bass, two electric guitars and an acoustic guitar

Acoustic guitar and hi-hat drive rhythm Bass guitar plays pedal D

Jeff Buckley's style of music best described as 'eclectic'- covers a wide range of styles

Grace was released in 1994 on the same day as the Oasis album 'Definitely Maybe'
GENERAL ANALYSIS
Verse 1 (0.26-0.48)
Pre- chorus 1 (0.49-1.11)
Chorus (1.11-1.29)
Chords
Intro (0.00-0.26)
Link (1.30-1.55)
verse 2 (1.56- 2.19)
Pre-chorus 2 (2.19-2.41)
Chorus (2.41-2.59)
Mid 8 (3.00-3.41)
Link (3.41- 4.07)
Verse 3 (4.07- 4.26)
Outro (4.26- 5.19)
Use of technology
Ripple of notes played on clean electric guitar sound
Background guitar 'whisper' made by picking the note with the volume turned down and then quickly up- reverb and delay
Ends with a loud unison chord of Em, with 'scoops' on the tremelo arm of the guitar adding interest and a roll on the crash cymbal
A
Full band play, no vocals yet
D major
Instruments include drums, bass, 2 electric guitars, acoustic guitar
Acoustic guitar and hi-hat work closely together to drive the rhythm
Bass guitar plays pedal D, occasionally wandering off for ascending riff
Main feature- rhythmic, semi- structured chord pattern played high up on clean electric guitar
B
Vocals enter
High electric guitar riff drops out
Guitar whispers return
Drum pattern focus on toms
Acoustic guitar more prominent
Electric guitar plays BROKEN CHORDS
Bass mainly follows the root note of the power chord
MODAL CHORD PATTERN
- E as the tonic note
Guitar whispers drop out
Electric guitar plays similar rhythm to acoustic guitar with chord shapes moving up the neck
Other instruments remain as they were for the verse
VOCAL RANGE HIGHER
Mostly in Em
Backing vocals enter
Strings subtly in the background- more for sound effects
Harmony based on chord pattern- modal, centered on E
Drum part stops using the toms so extensively- straight rhythm
As for section A of intro, but with a
MANDOLIN EFFECT
added on acoustic guitar
Same as verse 1
Additional sound effects- eg. desending slide, slide and trill on the strings imitating the guitar
STRINGS MORE PROMINENT
than pre-chorus 1- adds to the texture
Pizzicato strings added
Drum roll leading into middle 8
May sound very complex- but very simple on the guitar
Uses the trick of moving the same chord shape up and down the fretboard while keeping one or more open strings as a drone- gives a harmonic richness to the sound
Bottom string on guitar tuned down to D and playing a power chord shape- makes the guitar sound deeper and darker
Multi-tracked vocal harmonies - creates a polyphonic texture
Same as previous link, but with rhythmic, percussive sound of hitting the deadened acoustic guitar strings added
Very similar to previous verses- more use of
CYMBALS
Vocals have more
INTENSITY AND FORCE
- higher part of the vocal range
more and more
SPECIAL EFFECTS
added
Very high vocal improvisations- as high as top G of a soprano's range!
The song ends with a short, unaccompanied vocal modal phrase
Guitar effects- mandolin effect on acoustic,
flanger (adds to intensity at the end), delay, reverb, guitar 'whispers'
'Telephone EQ' effect added to vocals-
gives a harsh, distant effect
Intense section- strings play LONG, SUSTAINED NOTES to fill out the chords

Drum kit plays a similar rhythm on the snare as to what was played on toms previously-
MORE INTENSITY

More cymbals throughout

BEAUTIFUL, HUMMED HARMONIES follow the chord pattern with sound opening out to vocal 'ahs' towards the end of the section- contrasts sharply with the harshness of the vocal part
Key facts
Written in 1994.
Is in the style of folk fusion (rock and folk).
Instrumentation
The instruments used are:
Acoustic guitar
Electric guitars
In bars 1-3 they are plucked
In bars 4-7 they are strummed
Bass Guitar
Synthesisers
Strings
Drum Kit
Official video
Revision video
To recap our understanding of the various genres in rock music.
To analyse the musical features of Jeff Buckley’s ‘Grace’ in relation to the musical elements.
To identify and explain the use of word painting in the set work.
Lesson Outcomes:

(Grade C/B) Everybody will be able to recall various features of different genres of rock music and identify various musical features of ‘Grace’

(Grade B/A) Most will be able to explain the musical features of ‘Grace’ in relation to the musical elements.

(Grade A/A*) Some will progress their learning by being able to identify where word painting occurs as well as explain musically how it is achieved.
Tuesday, 11th November 2014
Lesson Aim:
Folk-Rock Music
DO NOW
What do these tracks have in common?
Is there an odd one out?
Folk-Rock: Instrumentation
Let's go and explore the instruments!
Electric guitar / acoustic guitar
:
mandolin effect, slide, strumming, plucking, palm muting, drop D tuning

Strings
:
glissando, pizzicato, col legno


Drum kit
:
toms and cymbals


Voice
:
vocalisation, falsetto, melisma, syllabic, register
KEYWORDS...
Instruments!
DO NOW
Please sign in to Google Classroom...

Prepare for a listening quiz based on last lesson.
Jeff Buckley
DO NOW
Create an acrostic poem for the strings of a guitar:
E
A
D
G
B
E
Extension: if you already know the strings then create an acrostic poem for violin:
G
D
A
E
Jeff Buckley
MAIN
Go to GarageBand and take the guitar tutorials with Tim.
Learn to play four chords.
Everyone will record a guitar chord sequence into GarageBand.

I can recall the six strings of a guitar.
I can perform and identify strumming, plucking and the flanger effect.
Learning Aims
1
2
Jeff Buckley
DO NOW
Can you recall all of the guitar techniques and effects that we have studied so far?

Can you explain what they are?
Jeff Buckley
MAIN
I can strum chords on the guitar.

I can pluck a melody on the guitar.

I can create and manipulate guitar effects in GarageBand.
Learning Aims
Jeff Buckley
Check your guitar is in tune!

Record your chords / melody / bass line in GarageBand

Use these effects: flanger, chorus and EQ.

Extension - create a guitar whisper effect.
Activate
Jeff Buckley
Demonstrate
3
Jeff Buckley
DO NOW
Definition match
EQ
Particular frequency ranges can be boosted or diminished.
Overdrive
The effect distorts the sound of a guitar.
Strumming
When chords are played on the guitar.
Falsetto
When a man sings in his unnatural high register.
Glissando
When a musician slides between notes.
Extension: can you define syllabic?
Jeff Buckley
AIMS
I can recall the degrees of a scale and define musical intervals.

I can perform with fluency a major and a minor scale.

I can perform arpeggios and broken chords and incoporate them into my composition work.
Learning Aims
Melisma
Vocalisation
Several notes are sung on one syllable.
Made up words that are spoken or sung.
Pan
Delay
Flanger
Moves the sound from left to right or vice versa
An echo effect
Overdubbing
Using multi recording to layer several recorded parts.
Jeff Buckley
AIMS
I can recall and identify several guitar effects.

I can recognise the difference between melismatic and syllabic singing.

I can define and explain the term; word painting.
Learning Aims
RESULTS
Extract 1
Extract 2
Extract 3
Extract 4
Extract 5
Delay
EQ
Flanger
Overdub
Reverb
Listen up!
1) Name the instrument that has been processed with a flanger.
2) Which two instrument parts have been overdubbed in the song?
3) How would you describe the word setting of ‘fire’ in the chorus? Remember to use the proper terminology.

Consider how it's sung, the sound of the instruments and
any other effects.
Composition
DO NOW
What things should you consider before and whilst composing?
Extension:
How can you develop your composition skills?
Composition
DO NOW
Inspiration!
Extension:
How can you develop your composition skills?
Style / genre
Instruments
Structure
Harmonic language, i.e. chords you'll use. Maybe you'll use jazz modes!
5
Word painting
DO NOW
How would you paint a word
using

music
?
Extension:
How would you musically paint the word 'falling'?
James Taylor - How Sweet It Is
Wham! - Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go
Spot The Word Painting!
Word Painting
ACTIVATE
ACTIVATE
Jewel - Am I standing still
Using the device of word painting, the music tries to imitate the emotion, action, or natural sounds as described in the text. For example, if the text describes a sad event, the music might be in a minor key.
"It may come cannon balling down from the sky".
How are these words musically painted?
Word Painting Research
DEMONSTRATE
Go to Google Classroom and complete the Word Painting Assignment.
In pairs, write your own lyrics and paint them with music.
Demonstrate
Things to consider when painting words...
Pitch
Tempo
Timbre
Dynamics
Melismatic
Syllabic
Melismatic
Syllabic
Two ways of singing
DO NOW 2!
vs
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