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El Subjuntivo

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by

Kali Ashman

on 1 October 2013

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Transcript of El Subjuntivo

El Subjuntivo
Endings:
ar
¿Qué es...?
Subjunctive is more than a
tense, it is a mood.
Tense tells when an action
takes place...
Mood reflects how the speaker
feels about the action.
¿Cuándo usas el subjuntivo?
1. Two clauses: a main and a subordinate; connected by "que".
2. MUST BE a change of subject
WEIRDO in the main clause
W
E
I
R
D
O
ishes
motions
mpersonal expressions
equirements
oubts
jalá que..
e emos
es
e en
er/ir
a
as
a
amos

an
Ejemplo:
I hope that you go with me.
Subject change
WEIRDO? yes.. wish.
2 clauses
We need:

1. 2 clauses
2. subject change
3. WEIRDO
Yo espero que usted vaya conmigo.
present tense
subjunctive
Ejemplo:
I don't believe that he has his homework.
Change of subject
WEIRDO? yes.. doubt.
2 clauses
Yo no creo que él tenga su tarea.
present tense
subjunctive
Steps:
1. Find the present tense, yo form
2. Drop the o
3. Add the endings
TENER:
1. Tengo
2. Drop the -o; teng-
3. add endings:
tenga tengamos
tengas
tenga tengan
Irregulares
DAR-to give
dé demos
des
dé den
ESTAR-to be
esté estemos
estés
esté estén
vaya vayamos
vayas
vaya vayan
IR-to go
SABER-to know
sepa sepamos
sepas
sepa sepan
sea seamos
seas
sea sean
SER-to be
HABER-to have
(auxilary verb)
haya hayamos
hayas
haya hayan
DISHES
Vamos a practicar..
1. Es importante que ustedes ________
a la clase. (venir)
2. No pienso que la maestra _________
todos. (saber)
3. Dudo que nosotros _______________ tiempo
a completar la tarea. (tener)
4. Yo prohibo que los estudiantes ________
durante mi clase. (hablar)
5. El jefe prefiere que las trabajadors
_________ esta computadora. (usar)

Indicative vs. Subjunctive?
Fact or certainty
Doubt
Ejemplos:
ESPERAR - to hope
Yo espero que..
Ella espera que..
QUERER - to want
Yo quiero que..
Ellos quieren que..
DESEAR - to desire
Ellos desean que..
Nosotros deseamos que..
PREFERIR
Yo prefiero que..
Usted prefiere que...
Ejemplos:


Estoy alegre que.. (I am happy that..)
Estoy triste que.. (I am sad that..)
Estoy emocionada que.. (I am excited that..)
Es importante que..
Es necesario que..
Es dificil que..
Es imposible que..
Es buena que..
Es mala que..
Ejemplos:
Ejemplos:
Yo dudo que..
Yo no creo que...
Stem Changers?


Conjugate just like regular subjunctives (using "yo" form of the indicative)
except the stem change in the nosotros and vosotros forms follows these patterns:
o:ue verbs change o to u; e:ie verbs change e to i; e:i verbs change e to i.

dormir - durmamos
sentir - sintamos
pedir - pidamos


For -ar and -er stem-changing verbs, the formula applies except that there is no stem change in the nosotros form.

pensar (yo pienso)
pienso - o = piens

piense
pienses
piense

pensemos

piensen
For -ir stem-changing verbs, the formula applies except that the stem change in the nosotros and vosotros forms follows these patterns: o:ue verbs change o to u; e:ie verbs change e to i; e:i verbs change e to i. Study these examples:

dormir (yo duermo)
duermo - o = duerm

duerm + a = duerma
duerm + as = duermas
duerm + a = duerma
durm + amos = durmamos
durm + áis = durmáis
duerm + an = duerman
For verbs that end in -zar, the z changes to c when it comes before the letter e.

empezar (e:ie)

empiece
empieces
empiece
empecemos
empecéis
empiecen
For verbs that end in -ger or -gir, the g changes to j when it comes before the letter a.

escoger

escoja
escojas
escoja
escojamos
escojáis
escojan
For verbs that end in -car, the c changes to qu when it comes before the letter e.

buscar

busque
busques
busque
busquemos
busquéis
busquen
For verbs that end in -guir, the gu changes to g when it comes before the letter a.

seguir (e:i)

siga
sigas
siga
sigamos
sigáis
sigan
For verbs that end in -gar, the g changes to gu when it comes before the letter e.

pagar

pague
pagues
pague
paguemos
paguéis
paguen

For verbs that end in uir, add the letter y before the letter a.

huir

huya
huyas
huya
huyamos
huyáis
huyan
Full transcript