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Original Sin: A B
Transcript of Original Sin: A B
12 Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned—
Understanding the Layout
of Romans 5:12-18
13 for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is no law.
14 Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type of the one who was to come.
15 But the free gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man’s trespass, much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for many. 16 And the free gift is not like the result of that one man’s sin. For the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation, but the free gift following many trespasses brought justification. 17 For if, because of one man’s trespass, death reigned through that one man, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ.
18 Therefore, as one trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one act of righteousness leads to justification and life for all men.
Paul's Display of the Gospel
“16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith.”
How is it fair that Jesus, by one righteous life, can reconcile everyone?
How is it reasonable that people who aren’t as bad as others are still just as condemned?
How is it right that people who have attempted to follow God’s law, lived morally, and done right still need Jesus to be made right with God?
Why don’t the good things I have done matter in God’s sight?
How is it just for people to be condemned who have never had the law?
Headship and the Proof of Sin
Everyone is a sinner in Adam
“Surely there is not a righteous man on earth who does good and never sins.”
"For I know that nothing good dwells in me, that is, in my flesh. For I have the desire to do what is right, but not the ability to carry it out."
Did this happen?: The Proof of Sin
God is Just and justice punishes sin
The Just Punishment for Sin is Death
Everyone dies from before the Law until now
Everyone is a sinner
Why did this happen?: Headship
Stumbling over Headship to Lose Grace
1. We don't determine what is right and wrong, just and unjust, or what we deserve
2. We don't determine our representative
3. We think original sin is 'unfair'