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The History of Music

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Kiersten Lambert

on 24 September 2012

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Transcript of The History of Music

By Kiersten, Lauren, and Rebecca The History of Music No one has an exact idea about when the idea of music first began. Did it come from our prehistoric ancestors? Or from creating rhythmic beats? We believe that music has always been a part of human culture and arts. When did music first begin? In The Middle East somewhere between 2000 and 1700 B.C, archeologists discovered musical writings in clay tablets. It may have been used for enjoyment, spiritual worship, or the drum beats of war. Music has most likely been around since the beginning of time 2000 B.C. Middle Ages and the Renaissance 550AD 1550 Music was a vital role in religious endeavors. Composers began to use a method known as neumes which involved different shapes. One of the most important contributors in this period was Italian monk, Guido d'Arezzo. He was the creator of the 5-line music staff. The most important composer during this time was Guillaume de Machaut who utilized the use of patterns of notes and rhythms. Along side Machaut, French composer Philippe de Vitry publish the book Ars Nova, which was about the basis of music. 1597 1750 Baroque Period (1567 - 1643) Claudio Monteverdi created some the the first Italian operas which set the stage for many others to come. Monteverdi is recognized in establishing the transition from the Middle Ages to the beginning of the Baroque. (1685 - 1750) Johann Sebastian Bach Bach is known to be the greatest composer who ever lived. music in the period reflect the feelings of love and nature Bach - Cello Suite No. 1 Bach: Toccata and Fugue Also in the period was German-born composer George Frideric Handel. The Classical Period 1750 1820 Switched from styles of the Baroque, to clean style of classical music. Johann Stamitz contributed greatly to the growth of the orchestra and created the idea of the symphony! The Classical period reached its highest point because of 3 main composers: Franz Joseph Haydn Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Ludwig van Beethoven. During the Baroque period many composers began adding more art to the music making it more meaningful The Romantic Era 1820 1900 In this Era came new ways of thought and life, bringing with it a new depth which revealed personal emotions. Includes:
long poems of heroes and bravery
distant lands
unattainable love Felix Mendelssohn During the 19th century, composers began to look for ways to express their homelands within their music. They turned history into the plots of operas, and inspiration for their symphonies. Johannes Brahms richer, larger symphonies
new instruments 20th century - Today 1900 2012 1901 - Musical Theater began
1904 - The London Symphony Orchestra was founded
1920 - Blues started
1936 - the debut of electric guitars!
1956 - Elvis Presley establishes himself as the icon of rock n' roll.
1970 - heavy medal started to be played
1980 - Punk became popular
1990 - Alternative music became popular In Psalms it talks about playing harps. Psalm 33:2-3 - Praise the LORD with the harp; make music to him on the ten-stringed lyre. Sing to him a new song; play skillfully, and shout for joy.
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