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Korea Briefing Report

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Caitlin Nespoli

on 3 May 2010

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Transcript of Korea Briefing Report

Korea A briefing report on the social poilicies of South Korea* By Robert Carlino Katie Hertsch Jeff Isaray Jane Lindsay Andrew Nelson and Caitlin Nespoli *Only South Korea? Why not North Korea? Throughout our research, we kept on asking each
other, why can't we find any consistent information about North Korea? One thing you may want to know is that North Korea's media
is one of the most restrictive in the world. In fact, Reporters
Without Borders ranked North Korea's media environment 172 out of 173. so, information from North Korea is tough to
come by. What about information about North Korea? There is a significant amount of reporting available about
North Korea from outside sources, but the most definitive
information we found was this: The policies that are written down and the actions of
the government do not match. So let's talk about South Korea. South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK)
occupies the southern half of the Korean Peninsula
in East Asia. The terrain is mountainous, the climate is temperate, and the government is a Presidential Republic, currently lead by President Lee Myung-bak,
who is assisted by the National Assembly, a nationally elected, unicameral legislature. The South Korean Poverty Rate? 15% (according to the CIA World Factbook) What are the main jobs of impoverished citizens?
-Agricultural workers
-Construction workers

The poor in South Korea do labored jobs that require long work hours, earn minimal pay and have horrible working conditions.
Is there Government aid for the unemployed?

Yes, the EIS or Employment Insurance System helps Korean Citizens to find jobs after they have been let go. They give them job-seeking insurance, vocational training and give them 12 months of coverage. This government aid also helps to employ the poor by forcing them to look for work and helping to train them for different jobs. They also get money for finding a job before employment insurance runs out. Grants are given to those who employ women and elderly. This gives people incentive to work and hold their jobs. They receive 50% of the salary from their previous job so they will want to work to have more to live on. Helps improve unemployment rates.
Korea does have a Social Security Agreement with the United States so that workers traveling between the two countries can receive the benefits of American style Social Security. For Korean Citizens, they have a pension plan. Elderly, disabled, survivors and women with children are all covered under this plan. Depending on age, previous employment, or level of disability, how much you will get and how you will be paid tends to vary. Must subscribe to unemployment through your job. This system is currently being revised because in 2005 only 9% were happy with the Pension plan. “Pay more, get less.” Life expectancy for
people living in South
Korea --->79 Social Security Healthcare Education Daycare Public Assistance Housing Work Innovative Policies Brain Korea 21 Korea The South Korean
government mandated
National Health
Insurance (NHI)
in 1977. By 1989, everybody
(farmers, self-employed,
industrial workers,
big businesses)
was insured. Then, by 1999,
the different levels
of NHI were merged
into one comprehensive
plan. Unfortunately, the
"economic crisis" of
1997 had undesirable
effects on NHI. While the government
increased benefits to
help the population,
healthcare costs continued
to rise, unchecked. Health insurance is strictly
regulated, but the health provider
industry is NOT. This leads to
even more debate over whether
to unify or decentralize NHI, as
well as growing concern about the
stability of healthcare financing
in South Korea.
The CFMIS (Central Federation
of Medical Insurance Societies)
guarantees health insurance to
everybody through the Korean
version of the "Public Option,"
but also allows for private
competition between providers. But unemployment? 4.1% 2008 estimate. Let's look at some of the policies in place
that affect these numbers and the lives of the
poor in South Korea. Employment
Insurance Government-sponsored
day care centers are
set up primarily to
reach low-income
families with working
mothers. The number of childcare facilities
increased from in 2002 to
in 2006. 22,147 29,233 The users of these facilities increased
from in 2002 to
in 2006. 1,350,000 1,540,000 The number of children that participate in day-care supported by the
government will grow over from 2002 (106,000 children) in a
matter of a few years, considering other classes will receive support
as well. Approximately 563,000 children are part of the middle class. five-fold The Korean government provides approximately

for childcare. $794,327,624 A most devastating problem is lack of shelter for the poor in South Korea.
Korea has an exceptionally high urban density
A permanent public rental dwelling program was launched in South Korea in 1989, representing the beginning of a social housing tradition directed to low-income households.
Public housing (1,150,054 units) including permanent rental dwellings in 2004 accounted for 8.9% of the total housing stock (12,989,000 units)
In order to tackle the low-income housing problems, the government formulated a 10-year public housing supply plan for the purpose of constructing 1 million dwelling units between 2003 and 2012 Permanent rental housing is targeted at people in the lowest income bracket, They are households who are unable to make a living, due either to wage earners too young or too old to work.

rental housing was designed for relief recipients, the urban poor displaced from urban redevelopment projects and disabled persons who do not own homes.

rental housing is the most popular public rental housing. It is designed for low-income households who do not own houses and have saved a certain amount of money

rental housing (1,150,054) currently accounts for only 8.9% of the total housing stock (12,989,000). It is mostly short-term rental houses. The average monthly income of households in the social housing estates was 880,000 won (US $889), compared to the 2,751,400 won ($2779) for non-social housing residents of study areas and 3,113,362 won ($2830) for salary and wage earners in 2004. The average floor space per dwelling in public housing was 12.9 pyung (42.5 m2), which was much smaller than the national average for dwelling units, which was 24.7 pyung (81.5 m2) in 2004.

Rent for social housing is about 25%-35% market price. Making it inexpensive and very affordable for those in need. Fifty-year Five-year Public (a recap) CCA for
Daycares CFMIS
(Central Federation
of Medical Insurance
Providers) The Ministry of Education governs the entire education system. Primary education in South Korea is largely state-funded, and manditory for children
ages 6-14. Korea led the world in investment in education in the year 2000
by investing 7.1% of its GDP in education.

The U.S. spent 7% that year. Korea's literacy rate (reading and writing) was 97.9%
of the total population age 15+ (in 2002) A generation ago the country had a graduation rate of only 49%,
which refers to people age 45-54 today.

95% graduated in the age group 25-34. Thank you! The end The Ministry of Gender Equality and Family associate thier selves with the welfare of Women and family concerns (Established in 2001 & expanded in 2005) The Act on Promotion of Economic Activities of the Career Break Women made June 5, 2008
child care, pregnacy, the aid of another family member, or have never worked before
Establishing basic plans (short term is with your empolyer) (Long term with a women policy coodinator) The Act on Employment Insurance made December 7, 1993
Provides welfare for people who dont have a have a job because of job termination or being laid-off The Ministry of Labor associate thier selves with the providing jobs and economical aid to the public (Established in 1981) The Employment Security Act made Jan. 7 1994
Provides programs in which people are given an opportunity show of to an employer there ability to work
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