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Example Research Guide for ULIB 101

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Alyssa Wright

on 21 July 2014

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Transcript of Example Research Guide for ULIB 101

Most Useful Database
A library subscription database that provides a large amount of beneficial resources for diabetes education is
Consumer Health Complete

Consumer Health Complete provides current, accurate, reliable sources for medical and health related content. The sources available supply the reader with information that can be easily understood.
For best results on living healthy with diabetes, the search terms “diabetes management,” “patient education diabetes type 2,” and “diabetes and healthy lifestyle” resulted in a large amount of relevant results.
Note that when searching often times on this database, if too many limiters are used, your search will have no results.
Better results were actually found by using basic search terms and simply looking through a larger number of results to find the most relevant articles.

Best Web Source
This website has a lot of information about diabetes such as:  what diabetes is, types of diabetes, symptoms, tests for diabetes, and managing diabetes.  All of this information is specifically geared towards elderly patients.  According to the CRAAP test, this site is an excellent source of information.  The site is current with functional links.  The relevance of the site is accurate, as the intended audience is elderly patients (diabetic grandmother).  The authority is strong because it is a website from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.  It also contains many useful links such as information on Medicare and other diabetes resources containing addresses, phone numbers, and links.  There are also links for more information on aging.  The accuracy of the source is also pretty strong because it is a government website.  The address of the department is located in Washington D.C.  The information is professional, grammatically correct, and spelling-error free.  The purpose of the information is to provide information, help, and resources to the elderly about diabetes.

Search Terms and Strategies
Successful Terms
Manag* AND diabetes
Diabetes AND older patients
Diabetes AND geriatric
Diabetes AND elderly

Search Strategies
Using simple keywords
Using wildcard symbol “?”
Truncation "*"

What to Avoid
Writing out whole sentences
Using endings such as “ed” or “ing”

Educational Resources for Managing Diabetes Type II

What We Found
The sources found helped in understanding what resources are available to the public who are in need of learning about their diabetes, how to manage their diabetes on a daily basis, and things they need to do to follow up and make sure their diabetes is under control.
Anyone 45 years or older should consider getting tested for diabetes, many do not know they have diabetes until they start to experience severe complications of diabetes such as vision or heart problems. (Judd, 2011).
Diabetes can lead to stroke, high blood pressure, blindness, limb amputation, heart disease, kidney failure, and problems with the nervous system (Judd, 2011).
90-95% of people diagnoses with diabetes are diagnosed with type II diabetes (Seggelke & Everhart, 2013).
A hemoglobin A1C test that measures blood sugar levels over the past 3 months should be taken by your doctor at least twice a year. (National Diabetes Education Program, 2013).
Postprandial glucose, or blood sugar levels after eating a meal increase with age. Over half of individuals over 70 years old will have normal fasting glucose levels resulting in missed diagnosis of diabetes. (Sage Publications, 2002).
Health in Aging Foundation. (2013). Aging & health a to z. Retrieved from

This article focuses on diabetes in older adults. This article talks about how having high levels of sugar in your bloodstream puts people at risk for other health issues. It talks about when taking several different medications this can put one at risk for drug interactions. It also talks about other medical conditions to consider when managing diabetes. Some include, depression, memory loss, loss of bladder control, falls, and chronic pain. It gives general background information on pre-diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and the different types of diabetes. This article also gives warning signs and symptoms and risk factors to look for. By managing diabetes with diet and exercise this will help manage blood glucose levels and decrease the risk of complications of diabetes.

Hillson, R. (2008).
Diabetes care: A practical manual
. Retrieved from
http://mountainlynx.lib.wvu.edu/vwebv/holdingsInfo?searchId=2434&recCount= 50&recPointer=11&bibId=276905

This manual educates on diabetes and talks about insulin treatments, healthy eating and drinking, a chapter specifically on older people with diabetes, psychological and social aspects of diabetes, etc. It was written by the Consultant Physician, Diabetes and Endocrine Unit, The Hillingdon Hospital, UK, a highly credible source for our topic. It provides information helping patients to manage diabetes with eating and exercise, and with work and travel. One chapter specifically talks about diabetes in older adults. It explains the factors for the increased frequency of diabetes in older adults that include lack of exercise, increased insulin resistance, obesity, and reduced glucose clearance.

Kirkman,M.S., Briscoe, V.J., Clark, N., Florez, H., Haas, L. B., Halter, J. B., ...Swift, C.
S. (2012). Diabetes in older adults: A consensus report.
Journal of The American Geriatrics Society
, 60(12), 2342-2356. doi:10.1111/jgs.12035

This article is a report focused on diabetes specific to an older adult population. The article begins with discussing the prevalence of diabetes occurring in older adults, particularly over 65. This population of people if their diabetes is untreated or poorly controlled leads to high rates of amputation, heart attack, kidney failure, and visual impairments. The authors discuss diabetes treatment methods and preventative methods for older adults. This article takes into consideration that there are several issues that need to be addressed for the older population of diabetes. There are sections in the article addressing physical activity, medications, nutrition, comorbidities, and the functional impairment that needs to be considered with treating elderly patients. This article is well organized and well focused on the specific needs of treating an older population. It was also published in a well-respected peer-reviewed journal.

National Institutes of Health (2013). Diabetes in older people—a disease you can
manage. Retrieved from http://www.nia.nih.gov/health/publication/diabetes-older-people.

This government website is a very reliable source that demonstrates several ways in which the elderly can manage their diabetes. The web page begins with describing what diabetes is and the different types, along with pre-diabetes and symptoms. In the “Managing Diabetes” section of this article there is plenty of useful information on how one can control their diabetes. The website includes several helpful hints and tips on how to successfully manage diabetes. The website includes several links and phone numbers to other helpful resources as well.

Quandt, S.A., Reynolds, T., Chapman, C., Bell, R.A., Grzywacz, J.G., Ip, E.H.,.Arcury,
T.A. (2013).Older adults’ fears about diabetes: using common sense models of disease to understand fear origin and implications for self-management.
Journal of Applied Gerontology
. 32 (7). 783-803. doi:10.1177/0733464811435506

This article provides a thorough overview of diabetes, prevalence of diabetes in older adults, and the complications that uncontrolled diabetes has on the body. It comes from a highly credible academic peer-reviewed journal and its authors have relevant academic degrees. This article offers a unique aspect of understanding how diabetes affects the elderly by including quotes from a variety of 74 elderly diabetics that were interviewed. In addition to quotes there is statistical information regarding which fears the interviewed group has in relation to complications that can arise from diabetes. This article provides a different approach than most describing how fears that elderly diabetics have such as amputation and blindness often hinder their most basic needs, good daily self-management techniques. The authors suggest that diabetics need to be educated more on how to manage this disease day –to- day, monitor their glucose level, become physically active, and eat a proper diet to assist with avoiding these undesirable complications.

Misinformation from the Web
Mercola, J. Hungry for change. The Only Way to Prevent or Reverse Type II diabetes. Retrieved from: http://www.hungryforchange.tv/article/the-only-way-to-prevent-reverse-diabetes

This website, although was found while searching diabetes management through a common search engine, provides information that is biased and no sources are cited on the webpage, making it lack in credibility and accurateness.

This source states very differing information when compared to other diabetes tip websites, the author even states that giving insulin to a diabetic is the worse thing someone can do. This certainly makes this website lack in reliability.

The author has constructed the majority of the webpage in his own opinion and uses some unintelligible grammar such as using the words “ditto” and “gut.”
This webpage does not really pass the test for being relevant, having good authority, or having a helpful, reliable purpose.

National Institute on Aging (2013, October 17).  Diabetes in older people—a disease you can manage.  Retrieved from http://www.nia.nih.gov/health/publication/diabetes-older-people.
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