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Understanding Phonics

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Julie Hughie

on 14 May 2015

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Transcript of Understanding Phonics

Have you ever taught a lesson and realized that several (or more) students didn't have the reading skills to participate? As a result, perhaps you spent time backtracking or doing you best to find ways to teach missing reading skills like phonological awareness and phonics?
print concepts
phonological awareness
word study
patterns of print
oral and visual skills
instructional approach, or method, of teaching the sound/symbol correspondences used to write a language

Multisensory Phonics
Common Core Foundational Skills
Focus on print concepts, phonological awareness, phonics and word recognition

Comprehension and vocabulary are the central focus of the CCR Anchor Standards
Foundation Skills are literally the FOUNDATION of the entire K-12 pathway

vertical alignment
Common Core Instructional Guidelines for Foundational Skills
abstract concepts more explicit and concrete
for students
researched based
links made between visual, auditor, & kinesthetic-tactile
meets the needs of diverse learners
whole group or small group
New learning/dictation
- pound and tap words & sentences
Skill drill
- review cards, sand/shaving cream, blending/segmenting
Vowel Intensive
- http://literacy.cowetaschools.net/gsp/default.aspx?moid=113
- http://literacy.cowetaschools.net/gsp/default.aspx?moid=115
Red words
Phonics Vocabulary
Pure Sounds
Let's Talk Phonics
continued sounds- f, l, m, n, r, s, sh, v, th, z
with out voice- c, p, t, ch, h
clean sounds- b, d, g, w, qu, y
Phonics Rules

oo- room ou- group

English words typically do not end with U.
The most common spelling for \ü\ is oo. It is infrequent for this oo spelling to end a word (like zoo, kangaroo and shampoo). While ou is relatively uncommon, it does occur in many words that have French origins – troupe, roulette, uncouth.
ck- duck
ck comes at the end of words with a short vowel. If a word has a long vowel it usually ends with a k

Phonics Rules
Phonics Rules

Hard- soft C
“C” softens to /s/ when followed by “e,” “i,” or “y.” Otherwise, “c” says /k/.
Hard-soft G
G may soften to /j/ only when followed by “e,” “i,” or “y.” Otherwise, g says /g/. There are some instances where “g” retains its hard sound /g/ before “e,” “i,” or “y.”

"j" can be spelled ge or dge. Use dge at the end of a word or syllable directly after a single short vowel (edge, hedge). Use ge after a consonant, after a long vowel sound and after two vowels (change, age,baggage, college).

Ch -/ch/
can be spelled ch or tch. Use tch at the end of a word or syllable directly after a single short vowel (latch). Use ch at the beginning of a word (cheer), after a consonant (lunch), and after two vowels (screech).
Consonant le ending

double after short vowel; 1st syllable is a closed syllable. With ble, fle, tle, dle, glde, kle, ple, and zle, count back three letters from the end of the word to divide the word (puddle, apple, ruffle, bubble).
not double after long vowel; 1st syllable is open with a long vowel sound (fable, table, maple, cradle)
Consonant plus le- 1st syllable is closed (handle, simple,
sample, crumble)

Phonics Rules
7 Building Blocks
to Reading

Consonant y endings

When endings follow a short vowel sound, the first letter of the ending is typically doubled (puppy, hobby). When endings follow a long vowel sound, the first letter of the ending is not doubled (lazy, nosy, lady)

Word endings ild, old, ind, olt, ost
These patterns have long vowel sounds before the blend (child, mild, scold, most)

oi vs. oy and ai vs. ay
ay says /a/ as in play at the end of a word.
ai says /a/ as in aid and sail at the beginning or in the middle of a word.
oy says /oi/ as in toy at the end of a word.
oi says /oi/ as in boil at the beginning or in the middle of a word.

Phonics Rules
Adding a consonant suffix
A consonant suffix begins with a consonant. In words that end with silent e, the e is still needed so that suffix is added to the entire word (like+ly =likely)

Adding a vowel suffix
Silent finale words only lose the need for the e when adding a vowel suffix. A vowel suffix begins with a vowel (like + ing = liking)

Ask these questions:
Are we adding a vowel suffix?(ed,ing,ous,etc.) Is dropping the e allowed by other spelling rules?
If YES, drop the E and add the suffix
If NO, retain the E and add the suffix

“ist’ vs.“est”
Suffix “ist” refers to a person’s profession or hobby as in a “dentist” and “est” is used when comparing three or more things. Often these two spellings are confusing because it can be difficult to hear the slight difference between the two sounds.

- smallest unit of speech sound
- a written representation of a phoneme
-two letters that make one sound (ch, ck, th, ng)
- a single vowel sound made up of a glide from one vowel sound to another (oi, ow, ew)
R-controlled vowel
- when a vowel letter is followed by the letter r, it affects the vowel sound so that it is neither long nor short
Consonant blend
- sounds in a syllable represented by 2 or more letters that are blending together

merging the phonemes into words c-a-t into cat

Phonics is a system of rules that we teach and model
It is not necessary to memorize the rules, but to recognize the patterns and apply them
Blending Board: http://literacy.cowetaschools.net/gsp/default.aspx?moid=112

7 syllable types
consonent- le
final magic e
vowel team
taking a spoken word (him) identifying the sounds h-i-m and working out how to write each sound to create the word
Four Corner Share
"Know the Rules"
"Numbered Heads"
Brain Dump
"Once you learn to read, you will be forever free."- Fredrick Douglas

contact information: julie.hughie@cowetaschools.org
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