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Motivating Learners

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Enirahk Nosmas

on 2 August 2015

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Transcript of Motivating Learners

Motivating Learners
Other Characteristics of Holistic Theory
a belief that human beings have a natural eagerness to learn
there is some resistance to and pleasant consequences of giving up what is currently held to be true
The most significant learning involves changing one's concept of oneself
Facilitative Teachers are:
less protective of their constructs than other teachers
more able to listen to learners, specially to their feelings
inclined to pay as much attention to their relationship with learners as to the content of the course
apt to accept feedback, both positive and negative and to use it as constructive insight into themselves and their behavior
Learners
are encourage to take responsibility for their own learning
provide much of the input for the learning which occurs through their insights and experiences
are encourage to consider that most valuable evaluation is self evaluation and that learning needs to focus on factors that contribute to solving significant problems or achieving significant results.
Experimental Learners
through concrete experience
through observation and reflection
through abstract conceptualization
through active experimentation
Differences in Learning
enjoys the experience it self
ACTIVIST
REFLECTOR
spends great deal of time and effort reflecting
THEORIST
good at making connections and abstracting ideas from experience
PRAGMATIST
enjoys the planning
Action Learning
the approach that links the word of learning with the world of action through a reflective process within small cooperative learning group known as "action learning sets"
Classification of Motives
Biological Drives
physiological, primary, unlearned, basic
Psychological/Social Drives
secondary, acquired, learned, derived
Unconscious motive/General Drive
maternal tendency, gregariousness and curiosity
Hierarchy of Motives
the basic or fundamental needs, usually the physiological ones, such as water , air, food, clothing and shelter take priority over all others. Psychological needs come next, such as need for safety, esteem, success, belonging, security.The highest form of need involves creativity and self actualization.
Motivation Cycles
1st Stage
this starts with a need which maybe physiological , primary or secondary, vital or non vital, affiliate or status. The body may need food or water. this need of the body for food becomes a drive which impels action
2nd Stage
it is the behavior or activity which will reduce or satisfy the drive. Incentives may be used at this stage which may reduce intensity or redirect a drive
3rd Stage
it is reached when hunger is satisfied, when food is eaten then the goal is reached. after 2 or 3 hours, when the food has been digested, one will begin to feel hungry again and the cycle starts all over again.
NEED
MOTIVE
it is the state within the individual under certain circumstances, which regulates or initiates behavior in relation to a goal.
DRIVE
Primary Drive
it occurs unconsciously due to physiological imbalance such desire for food and water.
Secondary Drive
is learned drive such as anxiety and anger
GOAL
it refers to end result or the result toward, which effort is directed
INCENTIVES
it refers to an object or condition given to satisfy a motive
INTEREST
it is an individual's preference for doing one activity rather than the other.
CURIOSITY
it implies the tendency to investigate and learn more about an activity that he has not experienced or s little knowledge about it.
TASK
an act or result of act required or asked or requested to perform by another person or by himself
PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY
COGNITIVE THEORY
AFFECTIVE AROUSAL THEORY
CUE-STIMULUS (NON-DRIVE) THEORY
NEED-DRIVE INCENTIVE THEORY
THEORIES OF MOTIVATION
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