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SS 20-1 Chapter 6 Part A

Nationalism and ultranationalism: Propaganda!

Dawn Kissel

on 2 March 2011

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Transcript of SS 20-1 Chapter 6 Part A

This is an interesting word. It will be examined in terms of nationalism and as a tool for ultranationalism. Also, it will fall to you to analyze and understand why it is and was such a powerful tool.
“If you tell a lie big enough and keep repeating it, people will eventually come to believe it. The lie can be maintained only for such time as the State can shield the people from the political, economic and/or military consequences of the lie. It thus becomes vitally important for the State to use all of its powers to repress dissent, for the truth is the mortal enemy of the lie, and thus by extension, the truth is the greatest enemy of the State.”
Joseph Goebbels
“Through clever and constant application of propaganda, people can be made to see paradise as hell, and also the other way round, to consider the most wretched sort of life as paradise.”
Adolf Hitler
As societies grow decadent, the language grows decadent, too. Words are used to disguise, not to illuminate, action: You liberate a city by destroying it. Words are used to confuse, so that at election time people will solemnly vote against their own interests."
—Gore Vidal
A great deal of intelligence can be invested in ignorance when the need for illusion is deep."
Saul Bellow
Propaganda is ideas and information that are spread to achieve a specific goal. The information and ideas are often misleading and dishonest. Extreme nationalists use propaganda to manipulate strong human emotions-especially fear and insecurity. Propagandists often:
call their opponents names (terrorists, fanatics) designed to arouse people's anger and fears
play down their own failures and defeats or use words that hide the true meaning of thier actions (own wars just or holy, or referring to death camps as concentration camps)
use respected symbols to appeal to people's values and beliefs (religious symbols, family images, or a national flag)
appeal to people's fears when trying to persuage them to support particular actions (strict law and order is the only way to ensure peace and save a nation)
Soviet propaganda: Stalin's propagandists were creating posters, slogans, songs, speeches, newspaper articles, and banners glorifying extreme nationalism and presenting Stalin as a caring father of the Soviet peoples. While at the same time sending millions of people to forced - labour camps.
In groups, discuss the following questions as they relate to the poster of Stalin:
How did the artist portray Stalin?
What purposes are served by the other figures in the poster?
What is the poster's underlying message? Why would conveying this message be important in a dictatorship?
Analyze the sources: What are the underlying and clear messages?
Goebbels was Hitler's minister for public enlightenment and propaganda. He established a huge propaganda organization that controlled all forms of media (including newspaper, radio, and film). Goebbels was a gifted speaker who consistently preached the supremacy of the German people and hatred for Jews, whom he called the incarnation of evil.
What do some of the propaganda films look like?
Explore each clip and identify the perspective .
Explore the posters using the tools of a propagandist. Do the posters hit all 4 criterion?
During WW II, the Canadian government created the Wartime Information Board to control information and inspire support for the war effort. One of the boards strategies was to create propaganda placing a positive spin on the war effort.
View the following sources, are they positive? what is the message of the propoganda? Is the propaganda justified? Does the propoganda honestly reflect facts? Persuasive?
Your assignment: You are going to analyze propoganda! You are to complete the attached assignment! Good Luck propogandist buster :)
What is the message of the video? How is it propaganda?
What are the similarities and differences between WWII Canadian propaganda and European propaganda?
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