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Modern Slavery

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Miah J

on 6 July 2014

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Transcript of Modern Slavery

Modern Slavery
What is Modern Slavery?
How were these people denied their human rights?
By Miah Jamieson
What Types of Slavery Exist Today?
Bonded Labour:
these people are tricked into taking a loan that they can't to pay off. No matter how hard they work they won't be able to pay off the loan and it can be passed down to their children. This affects millions of people around the world with many of these people in South East Asia.

Child Slavery:
its estimated that 5.5 million children around the world are affected by this. Child slavery includes the worst form of child labour and child trafficking.

Early and Forced Marriage:
this is when women and girls are are made to marry without choice, often forced into lives with physical violence and have no choice of leaving the marriage.

Forced Labour:

this is when people are illegally recruited by individuals, businesses or governments and are forced to work.

this is the transport of any person from one area to another for the purpose of forcing them into slavery conditions.

Descent-Based Slavery:
these are people who are born into a 'slave' or are part of a 'group' that society thinks can be used for slave labour.

Why were these people denied their human rights?
When and where does this happen?
Modern Slavery is when one person is controlling another. These people are held against their will, are forced to work and payed nothing. Sometimes the slaveholder (person who is controlling another) 'pays' the slave a few grains of rice, only to keep them alive or badly pays the slave that the slaveholder reclaims at the end of the month anyway. Approximately 20.9 million men, women and children around the world are in slavery according to the International Labour Organisation.
Bonded Labour in India's brick kilns.
Photo by©Pete Pattisson
Talibés - children forced to beg, Senegal.
Photo by Émilie Régnier
Anti-Slavery International 2014
Free The Slaves 2007-2014
What were the specific rights denied and why? Part 1
Today, there are 21-30 million slaves in the world. Modern Slavery occurs in most parts of the world. Countries/continents that are involved in slavery include North America, Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Middle East, Europe, Asia and the Pacific.

The largest number of slaves in the world live in Pakistan, India and Nepal. There are as many as 18 million people held as slaves there.

There are more people in slavery today than at any other time in human history.
Book: Slavery and Civil Rights
Author: Philip Steele
Date Published: 2011
by Wayland
Published in China
HR 1 - Everyone is free and we should all be treated in the same way.
This right is denied as a child can be born a slave. For example if someone who is in Bonded Labour (having to work to pay off a loan that they were tricked into making) has a child, their child can be born a slave as the loan that their parent/s are trying to pay off is passed down to them.

HR 3 - Everyone has the right to life and to live in freedom and safety.
This right is denied as people who are in slavery definitely aren't in freedom and safety. They live in poor conditions and are not free to do what they would like, instead they are forced to work and do what they are told.

HR 4 - No one has the right to treat you as a slave nor should you make anyone your slave.
This right is obviously denied as this is exactly what is happening. In the world, 21-30 million people are being treated as slaves right now.

HR 5 - No one has the right to hurt you or to torture you.
This right has been denied as people in slavery are hurt and tortured by who is controlling them. For example if slaves get sick, are injured, outlive their usefulness, or become troublesome to the slaveholder, they are dumped or killed.

Simplified Version of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
What were the specific rights denied and why? Part 2
HR 6 - Everyone has the right to be treated equally by the law.
People in slavery are not being treated equally because they don't live a normal and fair life. They are tortured, payed very little to nothing, and obviously forced to work when they shouldn't be.

HR 13 - Everyone has the right to travel as they wish.
This right is denied as someone who is a slave cannot travel where they want as they have been forced to stay where they are and work. Slavery can involve travel but it is not their choice as to where they are traveling to. For example in Human Trafficking, people are transported from one area to another to be forced into slavery.

HR 23 - Everyone has the right to work for a fair wage in a safe environment and to join a trade union.
People in slavery do not get a fair wage as some don't even get payed money , a very small amount of money or only food such as a few grains of rice to keep them alive. Also some slaves work in poor conditions making them live in an unsafe environment.

What were the specific rights denied and why? Part 3
Hr 24 - Everyone has the right to rest and leisure.
People in slavery do not get to rest when they want. As said in HR 13 (in the previous slide
slaves are forced to stay where they are told and what to do. Slaves may get rest but never can they choose when they want to do so.

HR 26 - Everyone has the right to go to school.
This right is denied as children in slavery do not get the choice to go to school. They are taken away, born a slave or tricked into being a slave. They will never get a good education.

HR 30 - No one has the right to take away any of the rights in this declaration.
Many of these rights have been taken away from people in slavery, meaning that this right is definitely denied.
There is no actual date as to when Slavery began. It is only known that it goes back to B.C. No one knows what century/year it began because nothing was recorded at that time. We just know it's been around for as long as people can imagine.

These people were denied their human rights because other people thought that they could take control of them. People who want to control others may target certain people. For example someone may target a child because they believe that they are easier to take control of. They might also because of someones religion, race or other reasons.
These people are denied their human rights as soon as they were forced or kidnapped into slavery. For example as soon as a person is placed into slavery, HR 3 (everyone has the right to life and to live in freedom and safety) is taken away from them as they are now no longer free and may not be in safety.
Source: http://www.genevavoice.com/fighting-modern-slavery-the-beaver-county-anti-human-trafficking-coalition/
Another example is HR 23 (everyone has the right to work for a fair wage in a safe environment and to join a trade union). This is denied as soon as someone is placed into slavery because firstly, they are not working a fair wage as they are payed very little (if they are payed at all), and secondly they are most likely to not be in a safe environment.
How People Become Slaves
What is being done about Slavery today?
Some online websites, for example Free The Slaves:
are working to find a solution to stop slavery. They are trying to make people aware of slavery and ways people can help. On their website they say that it costs money to get people out of slavery. It can be surprising to find out how little it can actually cost. For that $32 billion that Americans spend on potato chips and pretzels most of the slaves in the world could be freed.
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