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History of Rock Music: Chapter 9

Rock Goes Underground
by

Mark Williams

on 17 February 2016

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Transcript of History of Rock Music: Chapter 9

Rock Goes Underground
Rock and Roll History IX
SOURCES: Shirley, 122; http://www.iggypop.com/photos.asp;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iggy_Pop
Born James Newell Osterberg, Jr. on April 21, 1947 in Muskegon, MI.
Was known for his wild, spastic onstage movements.
Is considered by many to be one of the innovators of punk rock.
Pop has also been in fifteen movies, including Sid and Nancy, The Color of Money, Hardware, The Crow: City of Angels, The Rugrats Movie, Snow Day, Coffee and Cigarettes—Somewhere in California, Cry-Baby, and Dead Man.
Iggy Pop
and the Stooges

SOURCES: Shirley, 126-127. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bee_Gees
The Saturday Night Fever soundtrack became one of the best selling albums of all time.
“Stayin’ Alive” and “How Deep Is Your Love” stayed near the top of the charts for most of the year.
The Bee Gees
SOURCE: Shirley, 126.
By the mid-1970s most young Americans simply wanted music to which they could dance.
In 1974 artists like the Hues Corporation, Van McCoy, KC and the Sunshine Band began releasing light dance tunes with simple lyrics, Latin rhythms, swirling synthesizers and a funk-style beat.
Disco brought young white and black music fans together on the same dance floor.
Reached its peak in 1977 with the release of Saturday Night Fever.
Development of Disco
SOURCES: Shirley, 125-126. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Funkadelic
George Clinton at the VH1 Fashion Awards.
Formed R&B group Parliament in the mid 1950s. Biggest hit was “Testify.”
Influenced by James Brown and Jimi Hendrix, Alice Cooper and The Stooges, he “developed his own style of theatrical, guitar-driven funk.”
Clinton formed Funkadelic in 1970. Their best singles included: “Maggot Brain” and “Tear the Roof Off the Sucker.”
His stage shows became bigger and more elaborate rivaling Bowie, Elton John, Kiss, and Pink Floyd.
George Clinton (1941- )
SOURCE: Shirley, 124.
At about the same time that glam rock was popular, James Brown, Sly Stone, Curtis Mayfield, Isaac Hayes, and George Clinton were developing their own musical vision of African-American urban life.
The music coming from Motown seemed too cheerful and optimistic for many young blacks.
Beginnings of Funk
SOURCES: Shirley, 121-122. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alice_Cooper
Alice Cooper
Born Vincent Furnier (1948- ). Delighted and terrified fans with his ghoulish makeup and costumes.
“Hard, aggressive anthems” like “I’m 18” and “School’s Out” celebrated teen life and defiance of authority.
Alice Cooper
SOURCE: Shirley, 120.
Kiss, Alice Cooper, Iggy and the Stooges, and the New York Dolls represented glam rock American style, but with a harsher, grittier image.
The unofficial leader of this movement was Lou Reed.
American Misfit Rock & Roll
SOURCE: Shirley, 127. http://www.donna-tribute.com/pics/s-1.jpg
Was disco’s most important contribution to pop music.
Summer evolved from the whispered moaning of “Love to Love You Baby” (1975) to the powerful rhythm and blues vocalist of “Bad Girls” (1979).
Donna Summer
(1948-2012 )
SOURCES: Shirley, 124.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sylvester_%22Sly_Stone%22_Stewart
Sly and the Family Stone Anthology, 1981.
Formed in the late 60s by DJ Sylvester Stewart (1944- ).
Early hits included “Everyday People,” “Stand,” and “Everybody Is a Star.”
After losing his sense of optimism in the early 70s, he released the “dark, controversial” There’s A Riot Goin’ On (1971) with “bitter, cynical” songs like: “It’s a Family Affair ” and “Don’t Call Me Nigger, Whitey (Don’t Call Me Whitey, Nigger).”
Sly and the Family Stone
SOURCES: Shirley, 123-124. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_Dolls
New York Dolls, 1973.
“…...how horrible they sounded.” Looked the part of glam rockers, but none knew how to play their instruments.
Albums included: New York Dolls (1973) and Too Much Too Soon (1974).
Influenced the Sex Pistols, whose manager, Malcolm McLaren, was briefly involved with them.
The New York Dolls
SOURCES: Shirley, 122.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/KISS_%28band%29
Original Lineup (from left):
Gene Simmons, Peter Criss,
Ace Frehley, and Paul Stanley.
Gene Simmons and Paul Stanley “used simpler, more formulaic rock tunes and a more cartoonish, less-threatening stage presence” to become one of the nation’s most popular bands during the mid 1970s.
Kiss
SOURCES: Shirley, 120-121. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Velvet_Underground
Velvet Underground and Nico in 1966.
Formed in the mid 60s by Lou Reed (1942-2013). His main collaborator was John Cale. They were managed by pop artist Andy Warhol, but never found a wide audience.
Their mix of melody and feedback was similar to Syd Barrett.
Songs included: “Heroin,” “I’m Waiting for My Man,” “The Gift,” “Pale Blue Eyes,” and “Stephanie Says.”
Cale left in 1968. The band broke up in 1970.
Reed later released Transformer (1972), Rock ‘n’ Roll Animal (1974), and Metal Machine Music (1975). The latter had no melodies, rhythms or instruments.
The Velvet Underground
SOURCES: Shirley, 127. http://www.officialvillagepeople.com/
The Village People with Cher, 2004.
Began in the late 70s as an openly gay novelty band.
Hits included: “In the Navy,” “Macho Man,” and “YMCA.”
The Village People
SOURCES: Shirley, 124-125. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Brown_%28musician%29
The inimitable James Brown
Fired his legendary rhythm and blues band, the Famous Flames, in 1970, and replaced it with a lighter, louder, funkier band that included the remarkable bassist Bootsy Collins.
This helped establish funk as the dominant force in African-American music during the 1970s.
Singles like “Get Up (I Feel Like Being a) Sex Machine” and “Say It Loud” captured perfectly the mood of black urban life in the early 1970s.
James Brown (1933-2006)
The Velvet Underground
"Heroin"
Alice Cooper
"School's Out"
Kiss
"Rock and Roll All Night"
Iggy Pop & The Stooges
"Raw Power"
Sly & The Family Stone
"Everyday People"
James Brown
"Sex Machine"
George Clinton
The Bee Gees
"Stayin' Alive"
The Muppets
"Macho Man"
Donna Summer
"Bad Girls"
Full transcript