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Canadian Consumerism and Economy in 1920-1930

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Kristen Tymoshuk

on 31 March 2014

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Transcript of Canadian Consumerism and Economy in 1920-1930

Canadian Consumerism and Economy in 1920-1930
Obviously the higher the GDP (gross domestic product) the better it was and higher earnings for an individual.
Changes In The Economy, Why and How

The Automobile
almost every family owned a car
workers did not have to seek employment near their household, and could live 
farther away and still get to their jobs with ease
run errands with more convenience
families could go on vacation on their own schedule and visit far away relatives
more time for recreation and entertainment
Negative Influence
no transcontinental highway
motor accidents
pedestrians run over
helped criminals flee crime scenes
more roads
the government legislated speed limits and road rules
licensing system
police obtained their own cars
manually crank engine to start car
small wheels & weak engines caused cars to become stuck in mud
in the winter fluids froze in engine
changed design of houses, buildings, cities
better roads
1921 1st overhead door
automobiles narrowed the gap between rural and urban life
farmers can ship produce by truck or drive to town when convenient
schools and hospitals are automobile accessible
accelerated the outward expansion of population into the suburbs
New Jobs & Businesses
highway & road construction
patrol police
fast food
convenience stores
gas stations
auto repair shops
led to low unemployment rates
The most important age in automotive history
was the 1920s as the industry experienced great development and prosperity. The demand for automobiles rose extremely high because they were faster and more convenient than previous modes of travel (i.e. horses, carriages & bikes). By 1929 there were over 1.9 million cars in Canada.
Canada's automotive industry began when Henry Ford established of the Ford Motor
Company of Canada in 1904. Ford of Canada was not a branch of the American company; instead it was an independent operation. It relied on American engineering and design, but retained control over production, pricing, sales and trade.
After the first world war, Canada faced economic hardship. During the great boom of the war years, the need and demand for goods was high and rose significantly. With the return of the soldiers, came the realization that products cost nearly twice as much as before they left for the war. One of the major changes was when when industries and factories underwent a severe fall and the factories that were previously thriving during the war, suddenly had to cut the production greatly or to the extreme, close down. Which led the war veterans to have difficulty finding jobs and later turned to labor movement. This then gained the national spotlight and unions demanded the right to strike. The Winnipeg General Strike in 1919 symbolized the workers with a lack of contentment and dis satisfaction of ones circumstances. The overall economy improved significantly during the early parts of the 1920's and Canada experienced one of the greatest economic booms in history. By 1928, the booming US economy was affecting the growth of Canadian business in a geographic manner. The demand for pulp and minerals was encouraging Canadian workers to move into Northern Forests and onto the Canadian Shield which was a major source.

Income tax rates
Visual of an older type of train back then and how it evolved.
1920's economy
A growing economy in 1920
Ally Hickey
Ally Hickey
Chicago Style Citation
"Economic Change during the 1920's and 1930's." Yahoo Answers. March 20th, 2014

Ian M. Drummond. "Historic Canada." Historic Canada. March 20th, 2014

"1920's Economy." Youtube. March 20th 2014

A Growing Economy in 1920
" Youtube. March 20th, 2014
Ally Hickey
Consumerism In The 1920's
and 1930's
- Consumerism is the encouragement
purchase of goods and services in large
- Great electronic advances; radio,
vacuum, toaster
- Big self-indulgent products; Coca-Cola,
magazines, credit cards
-Advertisement grew fast, helping mass
sales of these products
Emily Brown
Emily Brown
- Advertiser's often hired celebrities to advertise their products; strong sales technique
- Television attempts/advancements were made throughout the 1920's and 1930's
- Invention of credit cards for traveling business men
Kristen Tymoshuk
Kristen Tymoshuk
Even though he was American, Henry Ford revolutionized the
automotive industry in Canada. He was one of the most successful automobile makers of all time. Ford perfected the assembly line, which cut the production time of a car in half, thereby lowering the price of the car. Automobiles became affordable to the average Canadian, and no longer just a toy for the rich. He also used the Internal Combustion Engine in his automobiles.These technologies made his cars affordable, reliable, and efficient.
Canada, Cars
& the World
In conclusion, the popularity of the automobile grew
drastically in the 1920s. Canada became the second largest producer of automobiles in the world. Partly because the majority of the population owned cars, but also because Canadian manufacturers were making cars for the world. Some years nearly 50% of the Canadian automobile industry’s output was exported, mostly to countries in the British Empire. The key was the Imperial tariff structure, which permitted Canadian-made products to enter most countries of the Empire nearly tariff-free. It was in these boom years, as well, that Canadian control of the industry was lost, as the US automakers with whom the Canadians had partnered before the First World War, now huge corporations, bought out their Canadian partners. During the 1930s the popularity of the automobile decreased, due to the fact that many Canadians could no longer afford to buy and maintain their cars.
Car Crashes
(Library of Congress, 1919)
(boldride, 1920)
(dailynewsdig, 1930)
(iptv, 1920)
(ohdutah, 1921)
(Ella's Archive's, 2011)
Full transcript