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Imperialism in Mali, Africa

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Natalie Blandon

on 5 February 2016

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Transcript of Imperialism in Mali, Africa

Imperialism in Mali, Africa
Natalie Blandon and Andrea Barberena
French Imperialist Rule in Mali
Mali
France in 1898 through military force imposed their rule on Mali.
Before Imperialist Rule
13th century
Empire of Mali
founded in 1000 AD
Dominant in upper Niger basin under King Sundiata in 1235
Peaked under Mansa Musa (1312-1337)
Reached Atlantic Coast
Took control of Timbuktu and Gao
Territory extended
Mali
Mauritania
Senegal
Niger
Burkina Faso.

14th/15th century
Decline in dominance
Outgrew political and military strength
loosing gold trade to Songhai Empire

Timbuktu
central point of trade in history for Islamic culture
trading post for the trans- Saharan caravan route
16th century
Moroccans
win Timbuktu
makes it their capital until their decline in 18th century
1550 they had become weak politically
stayed this way
19th century
French imperialism
begins to come in
Islamic religious wars start to cause separation

Mali
Natives africans more developed communities that there was trade etc.
Berbers
Tuareg
Moors
Mande language
Bambara
Malinke
Khasonske
Wasilinka
Soninke
Islam and traditional African religions
Customs
Mostly oral
traditional religious ceremonies
services for the gods
music
Occupations
farming
trading
Simple system of classes

During Imperialism
Racism and Imperialist Movements
The fittest to rule
French also were stronger than the Africans
easier to conquer
Harsher on the people
Superiority

Independence
1960
Modibo Keita
Lieutenant Moussa Traore
Today
1898-1960
French Colony
French put more importance in:
Western African Lands
Rich areas
"Mere provinces oversea"
"For the better in their eyes”
French wanted:
Similar policies in Africa like Europe
Industrialization of the colony
Economic grow

Advantages of
Imperialism
French colonization in West Africa sought to increase:
production of valuable resources
production of groundnuts
cotton were increased
Cash in the economy was introduced
roads were built
education
health

Disadvantages of Imperialism
The French
Fostered most income of products
Ran commercial interests
provided little to no benefits
Imposed taxes
Politics and economy in their hands
Slavery was abolished but servitude was still happening.
Huge economic gain for french not like Africa.

Impact of Imperialism on indigenous people
Economy
Lack of resources
Income was being taken by the french in benefiting them
Taxes
Government
obligated them to follow rules that they did not agree with
Religion
enforced on the people when the majority of the population was Islam
Islam in Mali dated back to the 11th century and Christianity was enforced on the people
Classes
stable system of classes that was more equal now there were no distinction seeing that the “most fit” were ruling

1944
Brazzaville Conference gave more political power to the West Africans
1956
French passed
Loi Cadre: enabled the local government for individual rights in the colonies
1959
Mali and Senegal form the Mali Federation and splits from France
1960
Official independence with Modibo Keita as president, one party, socialist state




Modibo Keita
Leader of independence
First African President
Rigorously socialist almost communist
Now
Unitary state
Semi-presidential
Republic

Keita imposed extreme socialism
Very unpopular.
Lastest until 1968
A bloodless coup that took him out
Head Lieutenant Moussa Traore became dominant figure of politics for the next 23 yesrs

Mali
a multi party republic
a presidential regime
New constitution made in 1979
Current president
Ibrahim Boubacar Keita (2013- )
Assembly for Mali

COLOR CODE
Social
Political
Economic
Cultural
Imperialism in Mali
Work Cited
http://www.ibtimes.com/mali-when-france-ruled-west-africa-1015854
http://www.globalresearch.ca/french-imperialism-moves-deeper-into-mali/5322659
http://www.infoplease.com/country/mali.html
http://www.our-africa.org/mali/history-politics
http://www.ibtimes.com/mali-when-france-ruled-west-africa-1015854
http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2014/09/mali-forgotten-war-20149691511333443.html
http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/world/mali-history.html
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-13881978
http://www.aljazeera.com/news/africa/2012/03/2012322111037483270.html
http://www.timelines.ws/countries/MALI.HTML
http://www.timemaps.com/civilization/African-kingdoms#malov
http://www.africa.upenn.edu/K-12/French_16178.html
http://www.everyculture.com/Ja-Ma/Mali.html
http://www.britannica.com/place/Mali/Plant-and-animal-life#toc54976
http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?ParagraphID=onm
http://www.our-africa.org/mali/people-culture
Full transcript