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Transcript of Puritanism
Similarities to Roman
How did it develop
· Simple or "pure" churches
· Local control led by local
– No real founder but
followed the teaching
of John Calvin
- Started as a
movement to "purify"
the Church of England
- Started in the
•Double predestination - not everyone created equal, some are predetermined to eternal life or damnation.
•God is actively and directly involved in the affairs of nations and of individuals.
•Natural depravity - every human is born sinful as a result of Adam and Eve's fall.
•Irresistible Grace - God's grace is freely given, it cannot be earned or denied.
•Jesus died for select people, not everyone.
Oliver Cromwell was a Puritan
· Belief in covenants
· Concept of Original Sin
· The use of physical objects and pictures for
·The Puritans wanted reform in the Church of England.
·Attacked the church which gained it popularity.
·Wanting to escape persecution from the church and the king, they sailed to America.
- Began in England
· More grand churches and
· Led by the pope and bishops
· Worship by reciting informal
· Rejects the sign of the cross
· Punishment and public
acknowledgement of sins
Arthur Hildersham, a Puritan preacher
· Recite prayers from a missal during mass
· Sign of the cross for prayer
· Forgiveness and private confession
•Most Puritans settled in New England
•In 1700, their numbers rose to 106,000.
•Puritan sects spread across America and adopted other religions.
•Some modern day religions descended from Puritans:
- Congregational Christian Churches
- United Reform Church in England
By Andrea Luna and Emily Yang