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Puritanism

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on 12 November 2016

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Transcript of Puritanism

Core beliefs
Similarities to Roman
Catholicism
How did it develop
Differences
Puritans

· Simple or "pure" churches
· Local control led by local
leaders
WHO
– No real founder but
followed the teaching
of John Calvin

HOW
- Started as a
movement to "purify"
the Church of England

WHEN
- Started in the
16th century
•Double predestination - not everyone created equal, some are predetermined to eternal life or damnation.

•God is actively and directly involved in the affairs of nations and of individuals.

•Natural depravity - every human is born sinful as a result of Adam and Eve's fall.

•Irresistible Grace - God's grace is freely given, it cannot be earned or denied.

•Jesus died for select people, not everyone.
Puritanism
Oliver Cromwell was a Puritan
· Belief in covenants

· Concept of Original Sin

· The use of physical objects and pictures for
meditation
·The Puritans wanted reform in the Church of England.

·Attacked the church which gained it popularity.

·Wanting to escape persecution from the church and the king, they sailed to America.
WHERE
- Began in England
John Calvin
Catholics

· More grand churches and
statues
· Led by the pope and bishops
· Worship by reciting informal
prayers
· Rejects the sign of the cross
· Punishment and public
acknowledgement of sins
Arthur Hildersham, a Puritan preacher
Pope Francis

· Recite prayers from a missal during mass
· Sign of the cross for prayer
· Forgiveness and private confession
Puritan church
Catholic Church

•Most Puritans settled in New England

•In 1700, their numbers rose to 106,000.

•Puritan sects spread across America and adopted other religions.

•Some modern day religions descended from Puritans:
- Congregational Christian Churches
- United Reform Church in England
and Wales
New England
By Andrea Luna and Emily Yang
Full transcript