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Industrial Revolution

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by

Tasia Cox

on 25 October 2016

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Transcript of Industrial Revolution

Farmers to Factory Workers
By the 1700s, most people lived on farms.




The Farm to Factories
Enclosure movement
– the process of landowners closing their land in with fences to discover more productive farming methods to boost crop yields.

1. Landowners experimented with
new
farming methods
.


As a result of the enclosure movement, millions would move to the cities, and eventually, get jobs working in factories.
The Agricultural Revolution
The enclosure movement was the event that ended up triggering the
“agricultural revolution.”


agricultural revolution
– the transformation in farming methods that led to the development of more food as a result of the enclosure movement.
4.
livestock breeding
– only the best animals in a particular working group – like sheep – were allowed to breed.
- This resulted in bigger sheep.
Industrial Revolution
Ultimately, these methods all helped to increase the food supply.
Great Britain’s population rose from 5 million in 1700 to almost 9 million in 1800 (almost DOUBLE).

Two inventions were important to the start of the Industrial Revolution:
1.
Steam Engine
– invented by James
Watt in 1764, this engine provided for the
operation of machinery and the powering of
locomotives and steamships.

New Technology Arises

Wealthy landowners owned most of the land, including the land where small working farmers lived.
2. Landowners forced small farmers to become
tenant farmers
or to move off the land.
3.
crop rotation
– the process for growing
a different plant in the same plot of soil
as the planting season changes.
- for instance, one year a farmer might grow wheat, then the next year, grow turnips.
Results of the Enclosure Movement
This is called a
population shift
...
2.
Iron Smelting
– In 1709, Abraham Darby used coal instead of charcoal to smelt iron, or separate iron from its ore. This created better quality iron for steam engines, and would become revolutionary for building railroads.
Not only do I want you to farm the crops I sell, but I want you to pay me to do it!
I hate you.
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