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An introduction to the theory of ' Positive Failure' and employing it as a new intervention in Postive Psychology

Created for the 7th European International conference on Positive Psychology in Amsterdam.
by

Alastair Arnott

on 1 July 2014

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Transcript of An introduction to the theory of ' Positive Failure' and employing it as a new intervention in Postive Psychology

"An introduction to the theory of 'positive failure' and employing it as a new intervention in positive psychology. "
Pre-conditions for positive failure
:
Vulnerability, Growth mindset & Imperfection.
Pre - conditions for negative failure:
Protective, fixed mindset and perfectionsim.

Questions or Comments?
@Alastair_Arnott
Arnott, A.(2013)
Positive Failure - Understand how embracing failure is a tool for development.
Cambridge Academic. UK.
@Alastair_Arnott
Weick, K. (2006). The Role of Values In High Risk Organizations. In E. Hess and K. Cameron (Eds), Leading With Values: Positivity, Virtue and High Performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lewis, S. (2011). Positive Psychology at Work: How Positive Leadership and Appreciative Inquiry Create Inspiring Organizations. Chichester: Wiley & Blackwell.

- Baumeister, R., Campbell, J., Krueger, J., & Vohs, K., (2003).
Does high self-esteem cause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness or healthier lifestyles?
Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 4(1).
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Pseudoscience and mental ability: The Origins and Fallacies of the IQ controversy.
New York: Monthly Review Press.
- Brown, B. (2010).
The Gift Of imperfection – Let Go Of Who You’re Supposed To Be And Embrace Who You Are.
USA. Hazeldon.
- Twenge, J. (2006).
Generation Me.
New York: Free Press, a division of Simon and Schuster Inc.
- Elliot, A., & Dweck, C.(2005).
Handbook of Competence and Motivation.
New York: Guildford Press.
- Gardener, H. ( 2000).
Intelligence Reframed: Multiple intelligences for the 21st century.
New York: Basic Books.
- Robinson, K., & Aronica, L. (2009).
The Element – How finding your passion changes everything.
USA & UK: Penguin Books Ltd.
- Rhodewalt, F. (1994). Conceptions of ability, achievement goals and individual differences in self handicapping behaviour: On the application of implicit theories.
Journal of Personality, 62, pp. 67 – 85.
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Resilience in children’s adaptation to negative life events and stressed environments
. Pediatric Annals, 20, 459 – 466.
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Journal of Rational- Emotive and Cognitive-behavior therapy 25. No 1.
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The Lucifer effect,
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Staff well being is key to school success.
UK: Department.
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Exploring the relationships between organizational virtuousness and performance.
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Optimal experience in work and leisure among teachers and physicians: individual and bio-cultural implications.
Leisure Studies, 22, pp 323-342.
What do you do when you fail?
- Festinger, L. (1957).
A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance
.USA: Stanford University Press.
- Kernis, M., & Paradise, A. (2002).
Distinguishing between secure and fragile forms of high self-esteem.
In
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The Hidden Cost of Reward.
New Jersey:Lawrence Erlbaum.
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Conformation Bias: A ubiquitous Phenomenon in many guises.
Review of General Psychology, 2, pp. 175–220.
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The handicap Principle.
New York: Oxford University Press.
Joseph, S,. & Linley, P. (2005). The Human Capacity for Growth Through Adversity: American Psychologist, Vol 60(3), pp. 262-264.

Joseph, S., & Linely, A. (2008). Trauma, Recovery and Growth, Positive psychological perspectives on post traumatic stress. UK:John Wiley and sons.

Cole, D., Maxwell, S., & Martin, J.(1997). Reflected self-appraisals: Strength and structure of the relation of teacher, peer, and parent ratings to children's self-perceived competencies. Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol 89(1), pp. 55-70.
Kumar, S., & Jagacinski, C. (2006). Imposters have goals too: the imposter phenomenon and its relationship to achievement goal theory. Personailty and Individual Differences, 40, pp. 147–157.

Brown, B. (2007) I Thought It Was Just Me (but it isn’t): Telling the Truth About Perfectionism, inadequacy and Power. New York: Penguin/Gotham books.

Brown, B. (2010). The Gift Of imperfection – Let Go Of Who You’re Supposed To Be And Embrace Who You Are. USA. Hazeldon.
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Where Good Ideas Come From –The Natural History of Innovation.
UK: Allen Lane.
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Intellectual Character: What It Is, Why It Matters and how to get it.
San Fransisco: Jossey-Bass.
- Robinson, K., & Aronica, L. (2009).
The Element – How finding your passion changes everything.
USA & UK: Penguin Books Ltd.
Please reflect on your own educational experience in school,
which words come to mind?

For me:
Delivered, bolted on, anonymous, lost, friends, great teachers, boring teachers, irrelevance, being lied to about qualifications, learning obsolete content & pressure to pass exams, NOT learning how to write academically.
Positive failure:
Failure after appropriate investment that leads to further learning or development.
Negative failure:

Failure after innappropriate investment that stunts or halts further development.
- Baumeister, R., Campbell, J., Krueger, J., & Vohs, K., (2003).
Does high self-esteem cause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness or healthier lifestyles?
Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 4(1).
- Block, J.H., & Block, J. (1980).
The role of ego-control and ego –resiliency in the organization of behaviour
. In W.A. Collins (Ed), Minnesota symposia on child psychology (Vol. 13, pp. 39 – 101). Hillsdale, NJ:Erlbaum.
- Boaler, J.(1997).
When even the winners are losers: evaluating the experience of ‘top set’ students
. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 29 (2) pp. 165-182.
- Covington, M. (1992).
Making the Grade: A self-worth perspective on motivation and school reform.
New York: Cambridge University Press.
- Twenge, J. (2006) .
Generation Me.
New York: Free Press, a division of Simon and Schuster Inc.
Quick re-cap before any questions/comments.
THE END
How do I apply this?
- Andrews, R., & Torgerson.,J et al(2006).
The effect of Grammar Teaching on writing development.
British Educational Research Journal, 32 (1) pp. 39 – 55
- Claxton, G. (2008).
What’s the Point of School?
UK: Oneworld Publications.
- Perkins, D. (1985). Post Primary Education has little impact on informal reasoning.
Journal of Educational Psychology
, 77 (5), pp. 562–71.
- Yankelovich, D., & Furth, I. (2005).
The Role of Colleges in an Era of Mistrust
. The Chronicle of Higher Education, pp. B8 – B11.
What does positive failure look like?
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