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Treatment of the Mentally Challenged during the Great Depression

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Angela Lee

on 13 November 2013

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Transcript of Treatment of the Mentally Challenged during the Great Depression

Treatment of the Mentally Challenged during the Great Depression
The mentally challenged were not medically treated well during the Great Depression and before those times. The mistreatment was mainly because other people did not know what was biologically wrong with the disabled or just thought that they didn't know how to
act around others normally.
Lobotomy Introduced in the 1930s
This was a medical procedure that separated parts of the brain of the mentally disabled.

-To induce sedation, inflict two quick shocks to the head.
-Roll back one of the patients’ eyelids.
-Insert a device, 2/3 the size of a pencil, through the upper eyelid into the patients’ head.
-Guided by the markings indicating depth, tap the device with a hammer into the patients’ head/ frontal lobe.
-After the appropriate depth is achieved, manipulate the device back and forth in a swiping motion within the patient’s head.

Hydrotherapy
Water was used to treat the mentally disabled using cold or warm water. The benefit of this treatment were the immediate results. When patients were given cold baths, the coldness would stop the blood flow to the brain. This would induce fatigue and decrease activity,
mentally and physically.
In the end...
Those with mental illness, have better care than they did back in the 1930s and before. We have the technology and understanding of the human anatomy to comprehend these mental illnesses. Now, we can help these people instead of using the inhumane "treatments" that were used during the Great Depression.
Medical Treatment
By: Angela Lee and
Jenipher Duckstrom

http://www.toddlertime.com/advocacy/hospitals/Asylum/history-asylum.htm
http://www.toddlertime.com/advocacy/hospitals/Asylum/history-asylum.htm
Shock Therapy
Introduced in the early 1930s, shock therapy was brought upon by using insulin to induce comas or seizures to the patients. This was an effective, but painful, process. Doctors believed that coming out of the comas would give the patients a phsychological change. In reality, the shock created a message to the nerve cells that balanced the nervous systems functions.
Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
This procedure passes electrical currents throughout the patient's brain. These currents create a temperorary seizure and briefly reverse symptoms of mental illness. During the 1930s, the currents were set on high voltages without anesthesia which led to fractured bones, memory loss, and other side effects.
Social Treatment to those with Mental Illnesses
Stereotypes and prejudice are used against those with mental illnesses because of the misunderstanding of the mental illness. During the Great Depression, we didn't have the technology that we have today to go in depth of the mental illness. Since it was the Great Depression, everybody was absorbed in money, so thinking about other areas were not as crucial to them. They passed off people with mental illness as crazy and not fit for society.
SOURCES
http://www.toddlertime.com/advocacy/hospitals/Asylum/history-asylum.htm
http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/inside-the-mind/human-brain/lobotomy3.htm
http://prezi.com/fcbq6xa4cdzi/mental-illness-in-the-1930s/
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/mental-illness/DS01104/DSECTION=treatments-and-drugs
http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/exhibits/quest/treatment/1930-1950.asp
http://www.cchr.org/sites/default/files/The_Brutal_Reality.pdf

all images are from Google Images
Full transcript