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Politics of Place Anth111 Wk10 Fall13

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Julie Jenkins

on 24 March 2014

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Transcript of Politics of Place Anth111 Wk10 Fall13

Politics of Place
"Society is created by imagining and talking about what lies outside it" (Smith 2008).
Reggae, dancehall, & Rastafari subcultures
--localized
--express tension over racial, class, & gender identities & inequalities
--in opposition to nationalistic ideal
soundsystem members
--challenge middle class ideals
--carve out alternative path
Rastafarians
--framework for explaining chaotic world
--discreetly express marginalized identity
--reinvigorate connectedness to nature
Donnettes
--challenge idealized expectations of women
--face criticism & sexual objectification
Masculinity-
--valorizes heterosexuality, at expense of other sexualities
--cultural ideals rooted in specific historical contexts
--in reality, multiple masculinities, feminities, sexualities exist in tandem
--some exert power ad control over our bodies and expression
Reflect anxieties over Westernization, political, economic and cultural integration
--Are we all becoming the same??
--consume non-Japanese to domestic, make sense, exert power over
--reassert sense of distinctive Japanese-ness
--consuming marginalized form out of sense of "shared blackness"
--stereotypical imaginings of Jamaicans

GDP per capita Purchasing Power Parity
--Japan: $35,855
--US: $51,704
--UK: $36,569
--Mexico: $15,363
--Jamaica: $8,916
--Haiti: $1,229
--Congo: $365
-uneven global distribution
--but also uneven domestic distribution
Jamaica: GDP/Cap PPP: $8,916
--richest 20% own 47% of wealth
--1.1million live under poverty line ($2.50/day)
--position influenced by:
--history of colonialism
--categorized as "lacking", in need of "development"
subject to planned interventions of international orgs, like:
--International Monetary Fund
--World Bank
--created after WWII
--to finance restructuring of Europe
--financing international development
World Bank-- 1950s-70s
--loans to newly independent countries
--industry and infrastructure
--"trickle-down"
--but income inequality increased
--everyone affected by oil crisis in 1970s
--Jamaica couldn't pay debts to WB and others
--turn to IMF for short term loan
--IMF-
--conditionalities (Structural Adjustment)
--cut social spending
--open trade
--no government regulation
--no import tariffs
--no local subsidies
--seen as agents of "babylon" by Rastafarians
--oppressive with excessive debt burdens
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