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The Coral Island

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Yanghwa Hong

on 20 March 2013

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Transcript of The Coral Island

Works Cited 3 Main Characters:
Ralph Rover (15); Jack Martin (18); Peterkin Gay (14)
Others:
Bloody Bill, Pirate Captain, Tararo, Avatea, the "teacher"

Quick Summary=
-Boys get shipwrecked from the Arrow onto an uninhabited island.
They find various ways to find food, make shelter, and adapt to the island
During a battle between two groups of savages, they save a group of savages from another war party and gain the favor of chief Tararo and meet his adopted daughter Avatea
Later, a group of pirates, or sandalwood traders, end up getting a hold of Ralph, leaving the other 2 behind on the island. The Coral Island Then, they find out that Tararo converted to Christianity because of a missionary from Europe, and he got rid of his barbaric culture and idols and lets Avatea marry a Christian leader from another island that she fell in love with.
The story ends with the boys leaving the Pacific islands in order to go back home. Continued Summary Jack in The Coral Island In the Coral Island, Jack is a much more ideal character. He is shown as a very wise man that Ralph and Peterkin look up to in any situation. He is also the leader and makes many decisions for the group, and they all turn out to be the best ones. He also has a strong sense of morals (shown when he fights for Tararo when they are being pursued by the other group and also when he decides to save Avatea from Tararo). He is also the one that holds all of the knowledge of the group, allowing them to prosper and exploit the resources of the island. "Lord of the Flies." William Golding "" N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2013. <http://www.knowledge4africa.co.za/english/novels/flies101-a.jsp>.

Ballantyne, R. M. The Coral Island. London, England: Penguin Group, 1994. Print.

"The Lord of the Flies." The Lord of the Flies. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2013. <http://www.martinfrost.ws/htmlfiles/april2007/lord_flies.html>. Yanghwa Hong The Coral Island
by Robert Ballantyne Born: April 24, 1825; Died February 8, 1894

Scottish author based mainly on children's or juvenile fiction novels.

Started writing as he wrote letters to his mother in Canada at the age of 16-22, and he wrote more than a hundred books throughout his life

Published The Coral Island (1857) which was his first great work

The Coral Island influenced Robert Louis Stevenson in his novel The Treasure Island and William Golding's The Lord of the Flies Background Ralph is taken onto the pirate ship and follows them while the pirates go around the islands trading sandalwood.
He befriends Bloody Bill, who is tired of violence.
On an island, Ralph is opened up to the great atrocities that occur on the islands and also learns how Christianity quickly "tames" the cannibals. Also, on the island, Ralph meets Tararo, who tells him about how Avatea may be killed because she refuses to marry a chief that she was promised to.
A conflict between the pirates and the natives results in the death of all except for Bloody Bill and Ralph, who escape....but Bloody Bill dies on the way back to the Coral Island because the captain shot him for setting up a mechanism for preventing a massacre. Continued Summary The Lord of the Flies is quite relevant to this novel.
After almost a century since The Coral Island, William Golding had many different views upon the various aspects of The Coral Island.

The Lord of the Flies is a more pessimistic refutation of the values put out by The Coral Island, and this is clearly shown by an excerpt from The Lord of the Flies:
"'It was like that at first,' said Ralph, 'before things—'
He stopped.
'We were together then—'
The officer nodded helpfully.
'I know Jolly good show. Like The Coral Island.'"
(Golding 202). Various Connections Elements of Leadership Leadership is much more ideal and utopian than the one shown in the Lord of the Flies. Jack is the main leader and he is shown to care for his younger friends. Instead of pushing for a totalitarian control over Ralph and Peterkin, he resorts to a much deeper form of democracy. He allows Ralph and Peterkin to express their ideas and believes. Jack also holds vast knowledge regarding most things, providing an ideal leader that is educated. Also, he is very rational and does not take unnecessary risks, unless his ethics push him to action. Ralph ends up reaching the Coral Island on the schooner, and he meets with Jack and Peterkin again.
They decide to go to the island of Mango in order to save Avatea and persuade Tararo to let her marry whom she chooses.
They reach the island and meet the teacher, a Christian who converts a small tribe. Together, they go talk to Tararo, who refuses to let Avatea go, but since they saved him once, Tararo lets them live. However, the boys plan a rescue with the teacher, which fails and causes Tararo to decide to kill them. However, a rain storm prevents them from being killed, and they are imprisoned for a long time. Continued Summary- In the Coral Island, western civilization and Christianity is shown as the mechanism through which populations were "tamed" (Ballantyne 96). Evil lurks within the savage culture that was prevalent throughout the islands and in the pirates. Therefore, it is evident that Ballantyne believes that evil is not within the humans themselves; instead, it is prevalent within the barbaric heathen cultures (shown through the cannibalism and exxagerated violence depicted throughout the story) or within the outcasts of society (shown through the violent nature of the pirates). However, by falling under Christianity, Ballantyne suggests that this evil can be eradicated (shown when Bloody Bill repents, the cannibals suddenly become civilized after they convert) and this sees to support the imperialism that was occurring at the time of this novel throughout the world. The Concept of Evil Ralph. Ralph is also shown as a much more ideal character in the Coral Island than in the Lord of the Flies. He is the narrator of the story and follows Jack in any decision. Ralph had a much clearer set of morals than the Ralph in Lord of the Flies. He is also more driven towards action and is hard set on his decisions. He also closely follows Christianity and feels regret for losing the Bible during the storm because he had promised to his mother that he would read it everyday. Furthermore, he does not contest Jack in his decisions. Fear In the Coral Island, there is no such thing as fear. The whole ideology of fear is nonexistent. When they are fighting the cannibals and then takes many risks, Jack and the other boys never feel hesitation due to their inner sense of doubt. In this utopian paradise, everything works out the way they expect it to work out. If there is one type of fear, there is the fear of witnessing violence. However, even this is solved through the conversion to Christianity. Morals In the Coral Island, all of the characters have a resolute sense of ethics and morality. They are all depicted as seasoned adults that were educated under the British system. Therefore, they work towards the helping of the damsel in distress or the eradication of cannibalism and other violence. The boys work hard towards upholding these ethics and all the characters that go against this either convert and change or die. Pig-Killing and other exploitation of resources. In the Coral Island, all resources are exploited on the island by the boys. This is viewed as positive and ideal. Ballantyne depicts the scene of killing pigs as humorous and even aesthetic when they are cooking the pig in the fire. Furthermore, they utilize their knowledge to create boats, shelter, and other objects by exploiting resources and putting them into use. This shows the positive views on imperialism.

However, in LOTF, there is barely any resources on the island. Only fruit and pigs are visible and the killing of pigs is shown as violent and evil. Also, the fruit was not even shared equally between the bigguns and the littleuns, showing the inequity in society. Furthermore, when they try to exploit resources by making a fire and such, it is shown as irresponsible by making the whole forest burn. Religion Finally, in the Coral Island, Religion is shown as important and integral for the creation of a rational society. Only after converting to Christianity do the savages change their ways and suddenly transform to good beings. This suggests that Christianity must be spread to all areas of the world due to its effects upon people.

However, this is refuted in the Lord of the Flies. In the Lord of the Flies, the British students lose all ideas of morals and leave themselves to their own compasses. Furthermore, they begin to regard the Beast as a form of authority and almost a deity. The name Lord of the Flies is in fact a literal translation of Beelzebub.
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