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art history timeline
Transcript of art history timeline
(c. 9,500-3,000 BC.) MIDDLE EASTERN TEMPLE ARCHITECTURE Asian Art Architecture of Ancient Greece and Rome (14th–17th centuries) What is Dome of the Rock? The process of Japanese printmaking is the artist produces a drawing in ink. An assistant would then create a tracing of the master. Craftsmen glued it face down to a block of wood and cut away the areas where the paper was white. The block was then inked and printed. Renaissance The History of Art What is cave art? Cave paintings are paintings on cave walls and ceilings, and the term is used especially for those dating to prehistoric times. What is Stonehenge? A prehistoric monument located in the English county of Wiltshire. An Islamic shrine in Jerusalem. The principle islamic Architectural types are the Mosque, the tomb, the palace and the fort. What is a Minaret Tower? A slim tower rising from a mosque, from which the adhan may be called. What is Pampatior or Virupakha Temple? A form of Shiva and has other temples dedicated to him, notably at the Group of Monuents at Pattadakal. What is Liurong Temple? Liurong Temple was built in 537AD and was given its current name by the writer and calligrapher Su Dongpo (1037-1101) of the Song dynasty. It is located in Guangzhou, China. Essentially brush painting makes use of brushes and ink whereas the technique was actually originated in China. (500 B.C.E. - 400 C.E) The Parthenon frieze is the low relief, pentelic marble sculpture created to adorn the upper part of the Parthenon's naos. The romans invented some supplies that we still use today such as Arcs, roads, and sandals. The colosseum was the largest building of the era. An aqueduct brings a constant flow of water into cities and towns. The Parthenon is a temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the maiden goddess Athena, whome th peope of Athens considered their patron. Greek artists first established mimesis (imitation of nature) as a main principle for art. The nude human figure in Greek art reflects a belief that "Man is the measure of all things". Greek Society was mainly broken up between Free people and Slaves, who were owned by the free people. Slaves were used as servants and labourers, without any legal rights. Society The middle Renaissance had a urban and rural society. The arts were concerned mainly with religion, with the life of the spirit, and with the hereafter. Jan Van Eyck Was a Flemish painter active in Bruges and is considered one f the most significant Northern European painters of the 15th century. He was born in Maaseik. He is known for being a Flemish artist. Leonardo Da Vinci was an Italian Renaissance polymath: painter, sculptor, architect, musician, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer. His genius, perhaps more than that of any other figure, epitomized the Renaissance humanist ideal.He was born in the town of vinci.He is most famous for his paintings such as the Mona Lisa, Last Supper, Annunciation, Lady with an Ermine, The Baptism of Christ, Saint John the Baptist, Adoration of the Magi, and Portrait of a Musician. michelangelo Michelangelo was an Italian Renaissance artist in several genres as painting, sculpting, architecture, poetry and engineering. Michelangelo was born on 6 March 1475 in Caprese near Arezzo, Tuscany.Michelangelo the greatest sculptor of the sixteenth century and the creator of the Sistine Chapel ceiling. fra fillippo lippi He was a Florentine painter. Lippi was born in Florence to Tommaso, a butcher, and his wife. If his birth name was different, it is no longer recorded. Was one of the foremost Florentine painters of the early Renaissance. sandro botticelli Alessandro Filipepi, known as Sandro Botticelli, (1444-1510) began his career during the Italian Renaissance period. Botticelli was born in Florence around 1445 where he would live out the rest of his life. Baroque 1600-1750 society There was an intense religious feeling. Musicians had little more social status than slaves did. Art and music were supported largely by wealthy aristocracy and by the Church. Theatre became a multimedia experience. the style of art was Portuguese. Rembrandt Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijnwas a Dutch painter and etcher. He is generally considered one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European art history and the most important in Dutch history. Chiaroscuro is a painting technique that uses tones, shadows, and highlights to create an illusion of three dimensions chiaroscure caravaggio was an Italian artist active in Rome, Naples, Malta, and Sicily between 1593 and 1610. His paintings, which combine a realistic observation of the human state, both physical and emotional, with a dramatic use of lighting, had a formative influence on the Baroque school of painting. neo-classical 1688 - 1798. society Neoclassicism is a revival of the styles and spirit of classical antiquity inspired directly from the classical period Jacques Louis David He was born in Paris, France. He was known as a painter and drawer. He Created the Oath of the Horatii and The Death of Marat. Thomas Jefferson He was an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence. He served in the Continental Congress. Romantic (1800-1840) An artistic, literature, and intellectual movement that originated in Europe torward the end of the 18th century. Art was mostly influenced by music and literature. John Constable He was born in Suffolk, England. He was known for as a Romantic painter and for his Landscape paintings of Dedham Vale. Two of his main works are Dedham Vale (1802) and The Hay Wain (1821). Dedhm Vale The Hay Wain Francisco Goya Born in Fuendetodos, Aragon, Spain. He was known for as a court painter to he Spanish Crown. He made La Maja Desnuda/La Maja Vestida and The third of May 1808. Realism 1865-1900 society is in flux politically and economically.Realism in the visual arts and literature is the general attempt to depict subjects as they are considered to exist in third person objective reality, without embellishment or interpretation and "in accordance with secular, empirical rules. society Gustave Corbet Born in Ornans, Doubs, France. He was known for a painter and a sculpture. Two of his works are A Burial At Omans and L'Origine du monde. Eduard Manet From Paris, France. Known for paintings and printmaking. Two of his works are Olympia and A Bar at the Folies-Bergere. Impressionism/Post impressionism Society Harsh opposition from the conventional art community in France. The art tried to incorporate impressionism. Claude Monet Born in Paris. Known as a painter and two famous works are Water lillies and Haystacks. Vincent Van Gogh Born in Zundert, Netherlands. Known as a painter and for Starry Night and sunflowers.