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Pronouns are used in place of nouns. The purpose of pronouns
Transcript of Pronouns are used in place of nouns. The purpose of pronouns
2. Demonstrative pronouns
They point to and identify a noun or a pronoun.
refer to things that are nearby in space or time, while
refer to things that are farther away in space or further away in time.
3. Interrogative pronouns
Are used to ask questions. The interrogative pronouns are
who, whom, which, and what.
are used to refer to people, while
is used to refer to things and animals. Who acts as the subject, while whom acts as the object.
4. Relative pronouns
A relative pronoun is a pronoun that introduces a relative clause.
5. Indefinite pronouns
They are words that replace nouns without specifying which noun they replace.
Pronouns are used in place of nouns. The purpose of pronouns is to avoid repetition and make sentences easier to understand.
The eight types of pronouns:
1. The personal pronoun.
2. The demonstrative pronoun.
3. The interrogative pronoun.
4. The relative pronoun.
5. The indefinite pronoun.
6. The reflexive pronoun.
7. The intensive pronoun.
8. Reciprocal pronoun.
1. Personal pronouns
- the one(s) speaking (I me my mine we us our ours).
- the one(s) spoken to (you your yours)
- the one(s) spoken about (he him his she her hers it its they their theirs)
B. two numbers
(I me my mine you your yours he him his she her hers it its)
(we us our ours you your yours they them their theirs)
C. three genders
(she her hers)
(he him his)
(it its they them their theirs)
D. Three cases
1. Subjective personal pronouns
2. Objective personal pronouns
3. Possessive personal pronouns
A. three persons:
Subjective personal pronouns
They act as the subject of a sentence and are also used for rename the subject.
Objective personal pronouns
They are pronouns that act as the object of a sentence.
We normally use object pronouns after a verb or a preposition.
Possessive personal pronouns
They are pronouns that show possession and define a person, or a number of people, who owns a particular object.
They are used to show possession or ownership of something and are located in front of the noun they refer to.
Moreover, they need to agree with the possessor.
boyfriend is very friendly.”
is the best restaurant?"
did he tell you?"
should we invite?"
"Is this book
Do not confuse Demonstrative Pronouns with Demonstrative Adjectives.
Normally we use Demonstrative Pronouns for things only.
There are five relative pronouns:
who, whom, whose, which, that.
Example of singular:
of the members has one vote.”
Example of plural:
of the justice were voicing their opposition.”
Example of indefinite:
of the people clapped theirs hands.”
6. Reflexive pronouns
Reflexive pronouns are used when a person or thing acts on itself.
When to use a reflexive pronoun:
• To refer back to the subject of the sentence when the subject and the object are the same person.
• To emphasize a person or a thing in the sentence.”
• We often use the preposition “by” and a reflexive pronoun to give the meaning of “alone” or “without help”.
“He did his homework
7. Reciprocal Pronouns
Use a reciprocal pronouns when the subject and the object of the sentence refer to the same people and these people have a two-way relationship.
They are used to emphasize their antecedent. Intensive pronouns are identical in form to reflexive pronouns.
find pronouns fascinating."
think everyone should know about pronouns."
should tell everyone how great pronouns are."
• " Peter likes Jane but she hate
When we use these reciprocal pronouns:
There must be two or more people, things or groups involved (so we cannot use reciprocal pronouns with I, you [singular], he/she/it.
They must be doing the same thing
when the subject is two people. Example: “Tom and Sara met each other at work.”
“either”, “one”, “another” or “each other”:
when the subject is more than two people. Example: “Tom and Sara took each other´s numbers.”
phoned me yesterday is my brother.
8. Intensive pronouns