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Pronouns are used in place of nouns. The purpose of pronouns

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Melany Sánchez Fonseca

on 30 June 2015

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Transcript of Pronouns are used in place of nouns. The purpose of pronouns

Refer to a specific person or thing. Their form changes to indicate a person, number, gender, or case.
2. Demonstrative pronouns
They point to and identify a noun or a pronoun.

This
and
these
refer to things that are nearby in space or time, while
that
and
those
refer to things that are farther away in space or further away in time.




3. Interrogative pronouns
Are used to ask questions. The interrogative pronouns are
who, whom, which, and what.

who
and
whom
are used to refer to people, while
which
is used to refer to things and animals. Who acts as the subject, while whom acts as the object.
4. Relative pronouns
A relative pronoun is a pronoun that introduces a relative clause.
5. Indefinite pronouns
They are words that replace nouns without specifying which noun they replace.
Pronouns
Pronouns are used in place of nouns. The purpose of pronouns is to avoid repetition and make sentences easier to understand.

The eight types of pronouns:

1. The personal pronoun.
2. The demonstrative pronoun.
3. The interrogative pronoun.
4. The relative pronoun.
5. The indefinite pronoun.
6. The reflexive pronoun.
7. The intensive pronoun.
8. Reciprocal pronoun.



1. Personal pronouns

Characteristics




1st person
- the one(s) speaking (I me my mine we us our ours).


2nd person
- the one(s) spoken to (you your yours)


3rd person
- the one(s) spoken about (he him his she her hers it its they their theirs)

B. two numbers
Singular

(I me my mine you your yours he him his she her hers it its)
Plural

(we us our ours you your yours they them their theirs)

C. three genders



Feminine

(she her hers)

Masculine

(he him his)
Neuter
(it its they them their theirs)


D. Three cases
1. Subjective personal pronouns
2. Objective personal pronouns
3. Possessive personal pronouns

A. three persons:
Subjective personal pronouns
They act as the subject of a sentence and are also used for rename the subject.

Objective personal pronouns
They are pronouns that act as the object of a sentence.
We normally use object pronouns after a verb or a preposition.

Possessive personal pronouns
They are pronouns that show possession and define a person, or a number of people, who owns a particular object.


Possessive Adjectives:
They are used to show possession or ownership of something and are located in front of the noun they refer to.
Moreover, they need to agree with the possessor.

I it
you we
he they
she
Example:

Her
boyfriend is very friendly.”


Examples:

• "
Which
is the best restaurant?"
• "
What
did he tell you?"
• "
Whom
should we invite?"

Examples:
• "
She
runs fast."
• "
They
play soccer."

Me
Her
You
It

You
Him
Us
Them
Example:
"Is this book
yours
or
his
?"

Mine
Yours
Hers
His
Its
Ours
Theirs
My
Your
His
Hers

Its
Our
Your
Their
Do not confuse Demonstrative Pronouns with Demonstrative Adjectives.

Normally we use Demonstrative Pronouns for things only.
There are five relative pronouns:
who, whom, whose, which, that.
Example of singular:

Each
of the members has one vote.”
Example of plural:

A few
of the justice were voicing their opposition.”
Example of indefinite:

All
of the people clapped theirs hands.”

6. Reflexive pronouns
Reflexive pronouns are used when a person or thing acts on itself.

When to use a reflexive pronoun:

• To refer back to the subject of the sentence when the subject and the object are the same person.

• To emphasize a person or a thing in the sentence.”

• We often use the preposition “by” and a reflexive pronoun to give the meaning of “alone” or “without help”.

Example:
“He did his homework
by

himself
.”

7. Reciprocal Pronouns
Use a reciprocal pronouns when the subject and the object of the sentence refer to the same people and these people have a two-way relationship.
They are used to emphasize their antecedent. Intensive pronouns are identical in form to reflexive pronouns.

Examples:

"I
myself
find pronouns fascinating."
• "They
themselves
think everyone should know about pronouns."
• "You
yourself
should tell everyone how great pronouns are."


Paola Astúa
Debbie Quirós
Melany Sánchez

Example:
• " Peter likes Jane but she hate
him
."

Pronouns
When we use these reciprocal pronouns:

There must be two or more people, things or groups involved (so we cannot use reciprocal pronouns with I, you [singular], he/she/it.
They must be doing the same thing
Thank
you!
All
Another
Any
Anybody
Anyone
Anything
Each
Everybody
Everyone
Everything

Few
Many
Nobody
None
One
Several
Some
Somebody
Someone

“each other”:
when the subject is two people. Example: “Tom and Sara met each other at work.”
“either”, “one”, “another” or “each other”:
when the subject is more than two people. Example: “Tom and Sara took each other´s numbers.”

Example:

The person
who
phoned me yesterday is my brother.
8. Intensive pronouns
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