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Jesus as a Moral Guide

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Sara Spittler

on 19 April 2017

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Transcript of Jesus as a Moral Guide

Who do you think Jesus is?
What stories from Christ's life and ministry serve as an inspiration to you?
How do we live moral and virtuous lives?
The Beatitudes
"Earthly stories with heavenly meanings"
Used to explain divine truths in common terms that Jesus' audience could understand
Jesus' disciples were able to understand because they were granted spiritual discernment
One way Jesus explained the Kingdom of God
Love and Compassion in Discipleship
The Beatitudes
The 10 Commandments
Catholic Social Teaching
Following Jesus as Our Moral Guide
Jesus as a Moral Guide
Life and dignity of the human person
Call to family, community, and participation
Rights and responsibilities
Option for the poor and vulnerable
Dignity of work and rights of workers
Care for God's creation
Seven Principles of Catholic Social Teaching
Beatitude = "Happiness"
-"an attitude guiding us to follow Jesus more closely in order to achieve holiness and happiness"
What does LOVE mean to you?
Bell Work
CCC §1717
The Beatitudes “express the vocation of the faithful associated with the glory of his Passion and Resurrection; they shed light on the actions and attitudes characteristic of the Christian life; they are the paradoxical promises that sustain hope in the midst of tribulations; they proclaim the blessings and rewards already secured…for Christ’s disciples.”
CCC §1723
“The beatitude we are promised confronts us with decisive moral choices. It invites us to purify our hearts of bad instincts and to seek the love of God above all else. It teaches us that true happiness is not found in riches or well-being, in human fame or in power, or in any human achievement…but in God alone, the source of every good and of all love.”
Why do we continue to look to the Beatitudes for guidance?
Bell Work
What is the purpose of the Beatitudes?
Bell Work
The Ten Commandments
1. I am the Lord, your God, you shall have no other gods besides me.
2. You shall not take the name of the Lord in vain.
3. Keep holy the Sabbath day.
4. Honor your father and your mother.
5. You shall not kill.
6. You shall not commit adultery.
7. You shall not steal.
8. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
9. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife.
10. You shall not covet anything that belongs to your neighbor.
The Beatitudes
Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of God.
Blessed are they who mourn, for they shall be comforted.
Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the land.
Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.
Blessed are the merciful, for they shall be shown mercy.
Blessed are the pure of heart, for they shall see God.
Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called children of God.
Blessed are they who are persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of God.
Blessed are you when they insult you and persecute you and utter every kind of evil against you falsely because of me. Rejoice and be glad, for your reward will be great in heaven!
Why are these important?
How can they be applied to our lives today?
What do Jesus' teachings tell us about living a moral life?

Where else do we see Christ teaching moral lessons?
Bell Work
CCC §2067 “The Ten Commandments state what is required in the love of God and love of neighbor. The first three concern love of God, and the other seven love of neighbor.”
CCC §2070 “They bring to light the essential duties, and therefore, indirectly, the fundamental rights inherent in the nature of the human person.

Blessing or happiness
The opposite of sin
Finding your way
Brings us to SALVATION:
A pathway or journey
Wholeness or oneness with God
Jesus: Two Natures, One Person
Hypostatic Union - Jesus is one person with two natures
Divine nature
Human nature
Who did other people say Jesus was?
Disciples and Apostles
Apostle - missionary, emissary, sent forth to preach
Disciple - student, follower, pupil
Mandate of all baptized Christians
What basic rules do you try to live by?
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What is LOVE?

Eros - romantic love, "sexual attraction" or "desire"
Storge - familial love or affection
Philia - friendship; love between equals; dispassionate, virtuous love
Agape - undying, unconditional love; brotherly love; charity
Who Does Jesus Call to Love?
Discipleship is our call to be students of Christ
Mandate of all baptized Christians to follow Jesus and participate in his role as priest, prophet, and king
Precepts of the Catholic Church
Universal Call to Holiness
Love and Discipleship
How do we live as disciples of Christ?
What does it mean to live a moral life?
Bell Work
1 Corinthians 13
A Spirituality of Justice and Peacemaking
Charity vs. Social Justice
Love – caritas – is an extraordinary force which leads people to opt for courageous and generous engagement in the field of justice and peace…This dynamic of charity received and given is what gives rise to the Church’s social teaching, which is caritas in veritate in re sociali: the proclamation of the truth of Christ’s love in society. (
Caritas in Veritate
1, 5)
What is the difference between CHARITY and SOCIAL JUSTICE?
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Social Justice
Immediate needs
Direct service
Treats the symptoms or consequences
Aimed at resolving injustice
Root causes
Social change
Where do we find CST?
Rerum Novarum
Mater et Magistra
Pacem in Terris
Gaudium et Spes
Dignitatis Humanae
Laborem Exercens
Veritatis Splendor
Evangelium Vitae
Deus Caritas Est
Caritas in Veritate
Evangelii Gaudium
In one word, how do you feel after hearing our call as Christians to live a life according to Catholic Social Teaching?
Catholic Social Teaching
Attempts to understand how societies work
Makes moral judgments about economic and social matters in light of revealed truth
Flows from the life and words of Jesus Christ
Rooted in the teachings of the Hebrew Prophets
Life and Dignity of the Human Person
-Human life is sacred at every stage of life
-Dignity of the human person = foundation of the moral vision for society
-Where does this dignity come from?
-Foundation of all principles of CST
Call to Family, Community, and Participation
-Social nature of the human person
-Organization of our society affects human dignity and capacity of individuals to grow in community
-Connected to the common good
Rights and Responsibilities
-Human rights must be protected
-Human responsibilities must be met
Option for the Poor and Vulnerable
-Basic moral test in society
-Brothers and sisters
-Deserving of respect, protection, and justice
Dignity of Work and Rights of Workers
-Economy must serve people, not the other way around
-Work is more than a way to make a living
-Continued participation in
God's creation
-One human family
-Commitment to the Common Good
-Work for peace and justice
Care for God's Creation
-Show respect for the Creator by our stewardship of Creation
-Called to protect people and the planet, living our faith in relationship with all of God's creation
Bell Work
Reflect on your own talents. Considering the variety of charity and social justice practices active in our community, where do you feel you could best use your talents?
Parable Group Work
Group 1
Matthew 18:23-35
Matthew 25:14-30

Group 2
Matthew 7:24-27
Mark 4:3-20

Group 3
Luke 12:16-21
Luke 10:29-37

Group 4
Luke 13:6-9
Luke 16:19-31
Group 5
Luke 18:9-14
Luke 14:15-24

Group 6
Luke 14:7-14
Matthew 25:31-46

Group 7
Luke 15:11-32
Matthew 13:3-9
Full transcript