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Environmentally Safe Marine Antifoulant

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Farih Satria Rahim

on 14 January 2014

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Transcript of Environmentally Safe Marine Antifoulant

Environmentally Safe Marine Antifoulant
designed by Péter Puklus for Prezi
Main Problem
Organotin Antifoulants
Environmental Concerns of TBTO
• Half-life of TBTO in seawater is more than 6 months
• High bioconcentration (10 )
• Chronic Toxicity: thickness of oyster shells, sex changes in whelks, imposex in snails, immune system in dolphins
• Created by Rohm and Haas Company
• Active ingredient: 4,5-dichloro-2-n-octyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one (DCOI)
Fouling, the unwanted growth of plants and animals on a ship's surface, costs the shipping industry approximately $3 billion a year, largely due to increased fuel consumption to overcome hydrodynamic drag. Increased fuel consumption contributes to pollution, global warming, and acid rain.
• Used to control the growth of marine
organisms (algae and seaweed-soft foulants;
barnacles and diatoms-hard foulants)
• Usually mixed with the paint as it is applied
to the hull
• Slowly leach form the surface of the hull
Properties of
• Acutely toxic to a wide range of marine organisms (effective anitfoulant)
• Low bioconcnetration (13)
• Degraded rapidly with a half-life of one day in seawater and one hour in sediment
• No chronic toxicity
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