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Differences and similarities between Ancient Rome and Greece

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cathy guiloff

on 9 January 2018

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Transcript of Differences and similarities between Ancient Rome and Greece

Differences and similarities between Ancient Rome and Greece.
First people/settlers
Both civilizations started with rules that were brought from their origin countries.
The first settlers in Greece stayed because of the climate.
The first settlers in Rome stayed because of the climate, the good soil, and the great natural resources.

Daily life part II
In both civilizations, all the family goods belonged to the husband.
Poor people in Rome ate: bread, olives, porridge, grapes and lots of vegetables. Just a few meat (rarely).
Romans bath in public baths.
Climate
Both climates are exactly the same, because they are really close to each other.
They have a "Mediterranean" climate (dry summers and rainy winters!)
The Mediterranean sea kept the land of becoming to hot and the Mountains block the cold polar from the North.
Geography
Both are peninsulas: Balkan Peninsula and Italian Peninsula.
They are mountainous and with seas around them.
Rome has fertile soil (good) and Greece not that much... That's why Greeks traded with other people by sailing to further places and Romans didn't.
Government
Both civilizations started being ruled by M
onarchies
( kings and queens).
Then the
Oligarchy
took the power (aristocrats/rich and powerful people started to rule).
The Oligarchy was overthrown by
Tyrants
, who were mostly army officers that were anger with aristocrats, because they become richer and the poor people become poorer. Tyrants took power by force until they die.
Finally came the
Democracy,
were the people could choose their leaders. This is what we have in Chile nowadays.
Daily life part I
Greek men and Roman men had lot of entertainment.
In both civilizations men had most of the power, but women took care of the children, spun and wove (make) the clothes and clean.
Both civilizations educated their boys in different subjects. Though Greek boys read and wrote more than Roman boys that mostly trained for military duties
Rich people had slaves, which means that they had a lot of free time, because they were free to do other activities, like doing sports, chat with others in the plaza or play games.
Roman women were luckier than Greek women because the last ones should stay at home, but Roman could go out.

Origin
Rome's origin is related to the Romulus and Remus legend.
For the other hand, the origin of Ancient Greece was attributed to nomads that settled in its territory.
Everything has an ending
Greece fell apart when Alexander The Great died and the Macedonians took over.
In Rome, 200 years after Augustus died, army generals had taken over the power and they were terrible rulers. Also taxes went up and people couldn't pay them.
In 476 the Roman Empire started to fell apart, because Barbarians conquered them.
Legacy
Both civilizations left us their beautiful art and architecture.
Greece left us: their wonderful pottery and typical columns.
Rome left us the Coliseum and the idea of aqueducts.
Both cultures left us amazing stories: Greek and Roman Mythology.
Greeks also left us an amazing sport event that we still do today: Olympics. The first ones were 776 B.C
Rome left us Latin, which is the root of many other languages, like the spanish: our mother language.
Greeks left us our type of government: Democracy, so we can vote and decide who rules us.
Romans invented the Roman's numeracy: I, V, X, L, D, etc.
This are some of their legacies! Do you know more
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