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ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE UNION OF UAE
Transcript of ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE UNION OF UAE
ACHIEVEMENTS IN THE FIELD OF EDUCATION
Provision of quality education in the United Arab Emirates began shortly after the establishment of the federation with the inception of the first university in Al Ain, Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates University. Since then, the country has progressed with efforts of ensuring high literacy rates, modern programs and women’s share in education. The UAE currently devotes approximately 25 percent of total federal government spending to education. The overall literacy rate is 90 percent .
The UAE's first medical school, Gulf Medical University, opened in 1998 in the Emirate of Ajman. It welcomes both genders and all nationalities. Originally known as Gulf Medical College, it expanded in 2008 to include dentistry, pharmacy and other programs in association with the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners.
In 1988 the first four Higher Colleges of Technology (HCT) were opened, in Abu Dhabi and Al Ain. By the academic year 2014-15, 17 campuses offered more than 75 programs, with a combined enrollment of more than 17,000 men and women. The commercial arm of the HCT, the Centre of Excellence for Applied Research and Training, is allied with multinational companies to provide training courses and professional development. In 1998, Zayed University was opened, initially for women only, with campuses in Abu Dhabi and Dubai. A US$100.7 million purpose-built campus in Dubai opened in 2006. Zayed University accepted select groups of male students starting in 2008, and now has a significant number of male students.
At the tertiary level, numerous institutions are available to the student body. In 1976, the United Arab Emirates University (UAEU) was established in Al Ain in Abu Dhabi Emirate. Consisting of nine colleges, it is considered by the UAE government to be the leading teaching and research institution in the country. More than 14,000 students were enrolled at UAEU in the first semester of the academic year 2006–7.
ACHIEVEMENTS IN THE FIELD OF CONSTRUCTION IN UAE
IMPORTANT CHANGES AFTER THE FORMATION OF UAE 1952 -1999
1952- Seven emirates formed council to promote increased cooperation
1962 -First oil is exported
1963 -Maktoum Bridge became first bridge built across Dubai Creek
1966- Oil discovered off coast of Dubai
1966 -HH Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan became ruler of Abu Dhabi
1967 -Shindagha Tunnel was built
1971 -Dubai became independent after Britain withdrew from the Gulf
1971 -United Arab Emirates (UAE) founded, HH Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan became leader
1971 -UAE joined Arab League
1973 -UAE adopted UAE dirham as single currency
1974 -Sheikh Zayed allocates 28% of Abu Dhabi's income to assist Arab, Islamic and other developing countries
1981 -Gulf Cooperation Council formed, UAE was founding member
1985 -Emirates Airline founded
1990 -Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum became ruler of Dubai after death of his father
1990 -UAE condemned Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, Sheikh Zayed refused to compromise with Saddam
1991 -Sheikh Zayed rejected setting up permanent foreign bases in UAE
1991 -UAE and allies joined forces against Iraq after Kuwait invasion
1996 -Abu Dhabi named capital
1998 -UAE restored diplomatic relations with Iraq
1999 -Sheikh Zayed, His Majesty Sultan Qaboos sign agreement defining borders of Oman and UAE
1999 -Burj Al Arab, tallest hotel in world, opened
2001- Banks ordered by government to freeze assets of 62 organizations and individuals suspected by U.S. of funding terrorism
2002-Freehold property market opened up to foreigners
2004- Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan became ruler of UAE after death of his father
2006 -Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum died, his brother, Sheikh Mohammad bin Rashid Al Maktoum became Ruler of Dubai and Prime Minister of the UAE
2006 -New economic changes announced: days of official weekend would be in line with Western nations; reduced dependence on foreign workers; allowed laborers to form trade unions
2006 -First national elections held
2007 -First residents moved onto Palm Jumerirah
2007 -Qatar and Dubai became two biggest shareholders of London Stock Exchange
2008 -France and UAE sign agreement allowing France to set up permanent military base in Abu Dhabi
2008 -UAE cancels $7 billion debt owed to it by Iraq
2008 -Dubai's property market crashed to about 50% of peak value in global economic crisis
2009 -Dubai sold $10 billion in bonds to the UAE due to liquidity problems
2009 -UAE withdraws from plan for Gulf monetary union
2009 -Dubai World investment conglomerate requested moratorium on debt repayments
2009 -Abu Dhabi gave Dubai $10 billion to help pay off debts
2009 -Dubai Metro opened, first public mass-transit system in region
2010-Burj Dubai, world's tallest building opened
2010- Mahmoud al Mabhouh, Palestinian militant leader, killed in Dubai hotel
2011- UAE joined military operation in Libya
UAE'S ECONOMIC PROSPERITY
Before the discovery and export of oil, the economy of the Trucial States (which today form the UAE) depended mainly on subsistence agriculture, nomadic animal husbandry, the extracting of pearls and the trade in pearls, fishing, and seafaring. The period before the discovery of oil, therefore, reflected the country’s limited natural resources, and resulted in a simple subsistence economy.
The epoch of economic development in the UAE (or the UAE’s First Development Decade) began in the early 1970s, the federation’s formation on 2 December 1971 (and the establishment of its formal economic, social, and political institutions) coinciding with a massive increase in oil production and oil exports, followed by the explosive rise in oil prices in 1973.
Economic growth in the UAE is steady despite a short-lived hiatus as the global economy faltered. Recovery was helped by high oil prices, increased government spending and a resurgence in tourism, transport and trade. In addition, successful restructuring of debt owed by high-profile companies, solidarity among the emirates and accommodative monetary and fiscal policies all played a role in bringing significant economic stability to the market.
Following the dip in 2010, UAE GDP rose to reach US$419 billion at the end of 2014, up 4.8 per cent on 2013. The IMF predicts that GDP will continue to grow at a rate of 4 to 5 per cent over the next seven years.
Despite high economic performance, inflation rates are expected to remain between 2 to 3 per cent.
Few countries in history have experienced, in less than four decades, a huge shift in income and development comparable to that of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) during the last part of the twentieth century. The UAE developed a public national educational system in a thirty year period that is similar to what Western countries established in over a hundred year period. Since the early 1960s the UAE has emerged from relative obscurity in global affairs to become one of the wealthiest and most dynamic of the smaller countries of the world. The rapid infrastructure development in virtually every corner of the country provides visual evidence of immense change. Public and private construction and modern consumption patterns are in evidence throughout the country.
Some constructions are :-
The Palm Jumeirah (UAE)
Dubai Metro (UAE)
Burj Khalifa (UAE )
Palm Island (UAE )
IMPORTANT CHANGES AFTER THE FORMATION OF UAE 2000-2011
SOCIAL STUDIES PROJECT
PREPARED BY : SHONA JOAN DESOUZA
CLASS : 7G3