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Transcript of Appaloosa Horse
By: Alyssa Byrd, Preslee Baker, Victoria Rogers,
- Earliest ancient paintings of spotted horses are dated back to around 20,000 years ago.
- In ancient Persia, spotted horses where worshiped as the sacred horses of Nisca (a literature hero) and used as war horses.
- Before 206 B.C. painting of spotted horses where found in dynasty histories in China suggesting the prevalence of Apps in ancient China.
- Apps were found all over western Europe and evidence suggests some crossing of the App and Lippizaner breeds in the 16th through the 18th century
-The Spanish introduced horses to Mexico in the 1500s. By the 1700s the Nez Perce Indian tribe had established a strong breeding herd of spotted horses.
- Feb. 15, 1806, Meriwether Lewis ( as in Lewis and Clark) noted the exceptional breed the Nez Perce had developed.
- Setters began calling the Nez Perce breed "A Palouse Horse" after a river that ran through Norther Idaho. The name evolved to "Palousey", to "Appalousey" and then finally, "Appaloosa".
- The Nez Perce War of 1877 between settlers and the tribe dispersed the herd.
- Late 1800s and early 1900s the breed began showing up in round-ups and rodeos.
- 1937 an article in Western Horseman entitled "The Appaloosa, or Palouse Horse" showed the breeds growing popularity.
- 1938 The Appaloosa Horse Club was established.
- 1975 the Governor of Idaho named the Appaloosa the state horse.
- Today, the app is one of the most popular American breeds and can be seen in all disciplines.
Appaloosa Color Characteristics
Although Appaloosas are most commonly recognized by their colorful coat patterns, they also have other distinctive characteristics. The four identifiable characteristics are: coat pattern, mottled skin, white sclera, and striped hooves
Mottled or Parti-Colored Skin
Mottled skin is a basic and decisive indicator of an Appaloosa. Mottled skin is different from commonly found pink (flesh-colored or non-pigmented) skin in that it normally contains dark areas of pigmented skin within its area. The result is a speckled or blotchy pattern of pigmented and non-pigmented skin.
The sclera is the area of the eye which encircles the iris - the colored or pigmented portion. The white of the human eye is an example. All horses have sclera but the Appaloosa's is white and usually more readily visible than other breeds. All horses can show white around the eye if it is rolled back, up or down or if the eyelid is lifted. Readily visible white sclera is a distinctive Appaloosa characteristic provided it is not in combination with a large white face marking, such as a bald face.
Many Appaloosas will have bold and clearly defined vertically light or dark striped hooves. Vertical stripes may result from a injury to the coronet or a white marking on the leg. Also light colored horses tend to have thin stripes in their hooves. As a result, all striped hooves do not necessarily distinguish Appaloosas from non-Appaloosas
The illustration depicts locations of face markings. True white markings are distinguished by pink or light-colored skin beneath the white hair. These white markings are evident at the time of foaling and do not change throughout the life of the horse. These include: Star, Stripe, Snip, Blaze, and Bald Face.
Leg markings include: heel, coronet, pastern, half-pastern, ankle, stocking, half-stocking, and lightning marks(Irregular white markings on the legs that do not contact the hoof.)
Base Coat Colors
The Appaloosa Horse Club recognizes the following base colors:
-Dark bay or Brown
Blanket - refers to a horse which has a solid white area normally over, but not limited to, the hip area with a contrasting base color.
Spots - refers to a horse which has white or dark spots over all or a portion of its body.
Blanket With Spots - refers to a horse with a white blanket which has dark spots within the white. The spots are usually the same color as the horse's base color.
Roan - A horse exhibiting the Appaloosa roan pattern develops a lighter colored area on the forehead, jowls and frontal bones of the face, over the back, loin and hips. Darker areas may appear along the frontal bones of the face as well and also on the legs, stifle, above the eye, point of the hip and behind the elbow. Without an apparent Appaloosa blanket or spots, a horse with only the above-listed characteristics will also need mottled skin and one other characteristic to qualify for regular registration.
Roan Blanket - refers to a horse having the roan pattern consisting of a mixture of light and dark hairs, over a portion of the body. The blanket normally occurs over, but is not limited to, the hip area.
Roan Blanket With Spots - refers to a horse with a roan blanket which has white and/or dark spots within the roan area.
Solid - refers to a horse which has a base color as is described above pages but no contrasting color in the form of an Appaloosa coat pattern. This horse will need mottled skin and one other characteristic to receive regular papers.
Basic Requirements for Registration
-In order to receive regular registration, a horse must have a recognizable coat pattern or mottled skin and one other characteristic.
-Horses which receive regular registration are issued numbers (no letters precede the number.)
-Those not displaying a coat pattern or mottled skin and one other characteristic will be classified as non-characteristic (N/C)) and their registration numbers preceded by the letter "N."
-Horses which completed the Certified Pedigree Option (CPO) program were issued numbers preceded by the letters "CN."
Submit photos of any scars or brands
(Photos must show ALL of the horse)
-Location of the foaling
If equine is a gelding or spayed mare, you must include the date the animal was gelded or spayed